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Japanese Silkie Fowls are Widely Distributed in the Phylogenetic Tree Derived from Mitochondrial Complete D-loop Nucleotide Sequences

  The Silkie fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus) is distinct from other chicken breeds in terms of its appearance and behavioural characteristics. It is a Japanese native breed and has inhabited Japan since before the Edo era. Although the breed is considered to have originated in India and establi... Full description

Journal Title: The Journal of Poultry Science 2011, Vol.48(3), p.176
Main Author: Rowshan, Jahan
Other Authors: Kumagae, Miyuki , Nishibori, Masahide , Yasue, Hiroshi , Wada, Yasuhiko
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 13467395 ; E-ISSN: 13490486
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1439332187/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Japanese Silkie Fowls are Widely Distributed in the Phylogenetic Tree Derived from Mitochondrial Complete D-loop Nucleotide Sequences
format: Article
creator:
  • Rowshan, Jahan
  • Kumagae, Miyuki
  • Nishibori, Masahide
  • Yasue, Hiroshi
  • Wada, Yasuhiko
subjects:
  • D-Loop
  • Evolutionary Relationship
  • Nucleotide Sequence
  • Phylogenetic Tree
  • Silkie Fowl
ispartof: The Journal of Poultry Science, 2011, Vol.48(3), p.176
description:   The Silkie fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus) is distinct from other chicken breeds in terms of its appearance and behavioural characteristics. It is a Japanese native breed and has inhabited Japan since before the Edo era. Although the breed is considered to have originated in India and established in China and Japan, its evolutionary history and genetic relationship with other breeds are not clear. In this study, we determined the mitochondrial complete D-loop nucleotide sequences of 27 Silkie fowls and 3 other chicken breeds. In the Silkie fowls, we found 27 sites of single nucleotide polymorphism and 4 sites of single nucleotide insertion. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Silkie fowls, 9 other chicken breeds, 4 red jungle fowls and 42 haplotypes in Oka et al. (2007) were distributed in 5 clades. Silkie fowls belonged to 5 clades (A-E). These results suggest that Japanese Silkie fowls have high genetic divergence. However, all categories except SLSG (Saga Prefectural Livestock Experiment Station, white feathers) were distributed in only 1 or 2 clades, and 5 individuals with black feathers belonged to clade A. The Silkie fowl's wide distribution in the phylogenetic tree suggests that old Asian breeds crossed with several chicken breeds that had unusual traits to establish the Silkie fowl breed.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 13467395 ; E-ISSN: 13490486
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 13467395
  • 1346-7395
  • 13490486
  • 1349-0486
url: Link


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titleJapanese Silkie Fowls are Widely Distributed in the Phylogenetic Tree Derived from Mitochondrial Complete D-loop Nucleotide Sequences
creatorRowshan, Jahan ; Kumagae, Miyuki ; Nishibori, Masahide ; Yasue, Hiroshi ; Wada, Yasuhiko
ispartofThe Journal of Poultry Science, 2011, Vol.48(3), p.176
identifierISSN: 13467395 ; E-ISSN: 13490486
description  The Silkie fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus) is distinct from other chicken breeds in terms of its appearance and behavioural characteristics. It is a Japanese native breed and has inhabited Japan since before the Edo era. Although the breed is considered to have originated in India and established in China and Japan, its evolutionary history and genetic relationship with other breeds are not clear. In this study, we determined the mitochondrial complete D-loop nucleotide sequences of 27 Silkie fowls and 3 other chicken breeds. In the Silkie fowls, we found 27 sites of single nucleotide polymorphism and 4 sites of single nucleotide insertion. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Silkie fowls, 9 other chicken breeds, 4 red jungle fowls and 42 haplotypes in Oka et al. (2007) were distributed in 5 clades. Silkie fowls belonged to 5 clades (A-E). These results suggest that Japanese Silkie fowls have high genetic divergence. However, all categories except SLSG (Saga Prefectural Livestock Experiment Station, white feathers) were distributed in only 1 or 2 clades, and 5 individuals with black feathers belonged to clade A. The Silkie fowl's wide distribution in the phylogenetic tree suggests that old Asian breeds crossed with several chicken breeds that had unusual traits to establish the Silkie fowl breed.
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description  The Silkie fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus) is distinct from other chicken breeds in terms of its appearance and behavioural characteristics. It is a Japanese native breed and has inhabited Japan since before the Edo era. Although the breed is considered to have originated in India and established in China and Japan, its evolutionary history and genetic relationship with other breeds are not clear. In this study, we determined the mitochondrial complete D-loop nucleotide sequences of 27 Silkie fowls and 3 other chicken breeds. In the Silkie fowls, we found 27 sites of single nucleotide polymorphism and 4 sites of single nucleotide insertion. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Silkie fowls, 9 other chicken breeds, 4 red jungle fowls and 42 haplotypes in Oka et al. (2007) were distributed in 5 clades. Silkie fowls belonged to 5 clades (A-E). These results suggest that Japanese Silkie fowls have high genetic divergence. However, all categories except SLSG (Saga Prefectural Livestock Experiment Station, white feathers) were distributed in only 1 or 2 clades, and 5 individuals with black feathers belonged to clade A. The Silkie fowl's wide distribution in the phylogenetic tree suggests that old Asian breeds crossed with several chicken breeds that had unusual traits to establish the Silkie fowl breed.
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abstract  The Silkie fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus) is distinct from other chicken breeds in terms of its appearance and behavioural characteristics. It is a Japanese native breed and has inhabited Japan since before the Edo era. Although the breed is considered to have originated in India and established in China and Japan, its evolutionary history and genetic relationship with other breeds are not clear. In this study, we determined the mitochondrial complete D-loop nucleotide sequences of 27 Silkie fowls and 3 other chicken breeds. In the Silkie fowls, we found 27 sites of single nucleotide polymorphism and 4 sites of single nucleotide insertion. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Silkie fowls, 9 other chicken breeds, 4 red jungle fowls and 42 haplotypes in Oka et al. (2007) were distributed in 5 clades. Silkie fowls belonged to 5 clades (A-E). These results suggest that Japanese Silkie fowls have high genetic divergence. However, all categories except SLSG (Saga Prefectural Livestock Experiment Station, white feathers) were distributed in only 1 or 2 clades, and 5 individuals with black feathers belonged to clade A. The Silkie fowl's wide distribution in the phylogenetic tree suggests that old Asian breeds crossed with several chicken breeds that had unusual traits to establish the Silkie fowl breed.
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pubJapan Science and Technology Agency
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1439332187/
doi10.2141/jpsa.011023
pages176-180
date2011-07-01