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The social life of infants in the context of infectious disease transmission; social contacts and mixing patterns of the very young.

Insight into how humans interact helps further understanding of the transmission of infectious diseases. For diseases such as pertussis, infants are at particular risk for severe outcomes. To understand the contact pattern of infants, especially those too young to be vaccinated, we sent contact diar... Full description

Journal Title: PloS one 2013, Vol.8(10), p.e76180
Main Author: van Hoek, Albert Jan
Other Authors: Andrews, Nick , Campbell, Helen , Amirthalingam, Gayatri , Edmunds, W John , Miller, Elizabeth
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076180
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1444393531/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: The social life of infants in the context of infectious disease transmission; social contacts and mixing patterns of the very young.
format: Article
creator:
  • van Hoek, Albert Jan
  • Andrews, Nick
  • Campbell, Helen
  • Amirthalingam, Gayatri
  • Edmunds, W John
  • Miller, Elizabeth
subjects:
  • Adolescent–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Adult–Epidemiology
  • Contact Tracing–Epidemiology
  • Family Characteristics–Prevention & Control
  • Female–Transmission
  • Humans–Transmission
  • Infant–Transmission
  • Infant, Newborn–Transmission
  • Male–Transmission
  • Social Behavior–Transmission
  • Surveys and Questionnaires–Transmission
  • United Kingdom–Transmission
  • Whooping Cough–Transmission
ispartof: PloS one, 2013, Vol.8(10), p.e76180
description: Insight into how humans interact helps further understanding of the transmission of infectious diseases. For diseases such as pertussis, infants are at particular risk for severe outcomes. To understand the contact pattern of infants, especially those too young to be vaccinated, we sent contact diaries to a representative sample of 1000 mothers in the United Kingdom. We received 115 responses with a total of 758 recorded contacts. The average number of daily contacts for an infant was 6.68 overall and 5.7 for those aged [less than or equal to]10 weeks. Of the latter, 2.1 (37%) contacts were with non-household members and were >15 minutes duration, suggesting that a cocooning programme may miss a substantial proportion of exposures leading to disease transmission. The least contact was between adolescents and infants. Thus the impact of adolescent (pertussis) vaccination on infants would likely be limited, unless it reduces transmission to other age groups whose contact with infants is greater.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076180
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleThe social life of infants in the context of infectious disease transmission; social contacts and mixing patterns of the very young.
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identifierE-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076180
subjectAdolescent–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Adult–Epidemiology ; Contact Tracing–Epidemiology ; Family Characteristics–Prevention & Control ; Female–Transmission ; Humans–Transmission ; Infant–Transmission ; Infant, Newborn–Transmission ; Male–Transmission ; Social Behavior–Transmission ; Surveys and Questionnaires–Transmission ; United Kingdom–Transmission ; Whooping Cough–Transmission
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descriptionInsight into how humans interact helps further understanding of the transmission of infectious diseases. For diseases such as pertussis, infants are at particular risk for severe outcomes. To understand the contact pattern of infants, especially those too young to be vaccinated, we sent contact diaries to a representative sample of 1000 mothers in the United Kingdom. We received 115 responses with a total of 758 recorded contacts. The average number of daily contacts for an infant was 6.68 overall and 5.7 for those aged [less than or equal to]10 weeks. Of the latter, 2.1 (37%) contacts were with non-household members and were >15 minutes duration, suggesting that a cocooning programme may miss a substantial proportion of exposures leading to disease transmission. The least contact was between adolescents and infants. Thus the impact of adolescent (pertussis) vaccination on infants would likely be limited, unless it reduces transmission to other age groups whose contact with infants is greater.
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