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Gastric Digestion of Raw and Roasted Almonds In Vivo

Almonds are an important dietary source of lipids, protein, and α-tocopherol. It has been demonstrated that the physical form of almond kernels influences their digestion and absorption, but the role of thermal processes on the digestion of almonds has received little attention. The objectives of th... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Food Science Nov 2013, Vol.78(11), p.H1807
Main Author: Bornhorst, Gail
Other Authors: Roman, Maxine , Rutherfurd, Shane , Burri, Betty , Moughan, Paul , Singh, R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00221147 ; E-ISSN: 17503841
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1464789923/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Gastric Digestion of Raw and Roasted Almonds In Vivo
format: Article
creator:
  • Bornhorst, Gail
  • Roman, Maxine
  • Rutherfurd, Shane
  • Burri, Betty
  • Moughan, Paul
  • Singh, R
subjects:
  • Nuts
  • Vitamin E
  • Digestive System
  • Hogs
  • Diet
ispartof: Journal of Food Science, Nov 2013, Vol.78(11), p.H1807
description: Almonds are an important dietary source of lipids, protein, and α-tocopherol. It has been demonstrated that the physical form of almond kernels influences their digestion and absorption, but the role of thermal processes on the digestion of almonds has received little attention. The objectives of this study were to examine the gastric emptying and nutrient composition of gastric chyme from pigs (used as a model for the adult human) fed a single meal of either raw or roasted almonds over a 12-h postprandial period (72 pigs total, 6 pigs at each diet-time combination). Concentrations of glucose, triacylglycerols, and α-tocopherol in peripheral plasma during the 12-h postprandial period were determined. For dry matter and lipid, the gastric emptying profile was not different between raw and roasted almonds. Roasting almonds also did not influence gastric pH, or plasma glucose or triacylglycerols levels. In contrast, the gastric emptying of protein was more rapid for raw almonds compared to...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00221147 ; E-ISSN: 17503841
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00221147
  • 0022-1147
  • 17503841
  • 1750-3841
url: Link


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titleGastric Digestion of Raw and Roasted Almonds In Vivo
creatorBornhorst, Gail ; Roman, Maxine ; Rutherfurd, Shane ; Burri, Betty ; Moughan, Paul ; Singh, R
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identifierISSN: 00221147 ; E-ISSN: 17503841
subjectNuts ; Vitamin E ; Digestive System ; Hogs ; Diet
descriptionAlmonds are an important dietary source of lipids, protein, and α-tocopherol. It has been demonstrated that the physical form of almond kernels influences their digestion and absorption, but the role of thermal processes on the digestion of almonds has received little attention. The objectives of this study were to examine the gastric emptying and nutrient composition of gastric chyme from pigs (used as a model for the adult human) fed a single meal of either raw or roasted almonds over a 12-h postprandial period (72 pigs total, 6 pigs at each diet-time combination). Concentrations of glucose, triacylglycerols, and α-tocopherol in peripheral plasma during the 12-h postprandial period were determined. For dry matter and lipid, the gastric emptying profile was not different between raw and roasted almonds. Roasting almonds also did not influence gastric pH, or plasma glucose or triacylglycerols levels. In contrast, the gastric emptying of protein was more rapid for raw almonds compared to...
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descriptionAlmonds are an important dietary source of lipids, protein, and α-tocopherol. It has been demonstrated that the physical form of almond kernels influences their digestion and absorption, but the role of thermal processes on the digestion of almonds has received little attention. The objectives of this study were to examine the gastric emptying and nutrient composition of gastric chyme from pigs (used as a model for the adult human) fed a single meal of either raw or roasted almonds over a 12-h postprandial period (72 pigs total, 6 pigs at each diet-time combination). Concentrations of glucose, triacylglycerols, and α-tocopherol in peripheral plasma during the 12-h postprandial period were determined. For dry matter and lipid, the gastric emptying profile was not different between raw and roasted almonds. Roasting almonds also did not influence gastric pH, or plasma glucose or triacylglycerols levels. In contrast, the gastric emptying of protein was more rapid for raw almonds compared to...
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titleGastric Digestion of Raw and Roasted Almonds In Vivo
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abstractAlmonds are an important dietary source of lipids, protein, and α-tocopherol. It has been demonstrated that the physical form of almond kernels influences their digestion and absorption, but the role of thermal processes on the digestion of almonds has received little attention. The objectives of this study were to examine the gastric emptying and nutrient composition of gastric chyme from pigs (used as a model for the adult human) fed a single meal of either raw or roasted almonds over a 12-h postprandial period (72 pigs total, 6 pigs at each diet-time combination). Concentrations of glucose, triacylglycerols, and α-tocopherol in peripheral plasma during the 12-h postprandial period were determined. For dry matter and lipid, the gastric emptying profile was not different between raw and roasted almonds. Roasting almonds also did not influence gastric pH, or plasma glucose or triacylglycerols levels. In contrast, the gastric emptying of protein was more rapid for raw almonds compared to...
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date2013-11-01