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Gut microbiome of the Hadza hunter-gatherers.

Human gut microbiota directly influences health and provides an extra means of adaptive potential to different lifestyles. To explore variation in gut microbiota and to understand how these bacteria may have co-evolved with humans, here we investigate the phylogenetic diversity and metabolite produc... Full description

Journal Title: Nature communications April 15, 2014, Vol.5, p.3654
Main Author: Schnorr, Stephanie L
Other Authors: Candela, Marco , Rampelli, Simone , Centanni, Manuela , Consolandi, Clarissa , Basaglia, Giulia , Turroni, Silvia , Biagi, Elena , Peano, Clelia , Severgnini, Marco , Fiori, Jessica , Gotti, Roberto , De Bellis, Gianluca , Luiselli, Donata , Brigidi, Patrizia , Mabulla, Audax , Marlowe, Frank , Henry, Amanda G , Crittenden, Alyssa N
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 2041-1723 ; DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4654
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1517883987/?pq-origsite=primo
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recordid: proquest1517883987
title: Gut microbiome of the Hadza hunter-gatherers.
format: Article
creator:
  • Schnorr, Stephanie L
  • Candela, Marco
  • Rampelli, Simone
  • Centanni, Manuela
  • Consolandi, Clarissa
  • Basaglia, Giulia
  • Turroni, Silvia
  • Biagi, Elena
  • Peano, Clelia
  • Severgnini, Marco
  • Fiori, Jessica
  • Gotti, Roberto
  • De Bellis, Gianluca
  • Luiselli, Donata
  • Brigidi, Patrizia
  • Mabulla, Audax
  • Marlowe, Frank
  • Henry, Amanda G
  • Crittenden, Alyssa N
subjects:
  • Adolescent–Microbiology
  • Adult–Microbiology
  • Aged–Microbiology
  • Bacteroidetes–Microbiology
  • Biodiversity–Microbiology
  • Child–Microbiology
  • Clostridium–Microbiology
  • Diet, Mediterranean–Microbiology
  • Diet, Paleolithic–Microbiology
  • Ethnic Groups–Microbiology
  • Female–Microbiology
  • Humans–Microbiology
  • Intestines–Microbiology
  • Italy–Microbiology
  • Male–Microbiology
  • Microbiota–Microbiology
  • Middle Aged–Microbiology
  • Phylogeny–Microbiology
  • Prevotella–Microbiology
  • Sex Factors
ispartof: Nature communications, April 15, 2014, Vol.5, p.3654
description: Human gut microbiota directly influences health and provides an extra means of adaptive potential to different lifestyles. To explore variation in gut microbiota and to understand how these bacteria may have co-evolved with humans, here we investigate the phylogenetic diversity and metabolite production of the gut microbiota from a community of human hunter-gatherers, the Hadza of Tanzania. We show that the Hadza have higher levels of microbial richness and biodiversity than Italian urban controls. Further comparisons with two rural farming African groups illustrate other features unique to Hadza that can be linked to a foraging lifestyle. These include absence of Bifidobacterium and differences in microbial composition between the sexes that probably reflect sexual division of labour. Furthermore, enrichment in Prevotella, Treponema and unclassified Bacteroidetes, as well as a peculiar arrangement of Clostridiales taxa, may enhance the Hadza's ability to digest and extract valuable nutrition from fibrous plant foods.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 2041-1723 ; DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4654
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 20411723
  • 2041-1723
url: Link


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titleGut microbiome of the Hadza hunter-gatherers.
creatorSchnorr, Stephanie L ; Candela, Marco ; Rampelli, Simone ; Centanni, Manuela ; Consolandi, Clarissa ; Basaglia, Giulia ; Turroni, Silvia ; Biagi, Elena ; Peano, Clelia ; Severgnini, Marco ; Fiori, Jessica ; Gotti, Roberto ; De Bellis, Gianluca ; Luiselli, Donata ; Brigidi, Patrizia ; Mabulla, Audax ; Marlowe, Frank ; Henry, Amanda G ; Crittenden, Alyssa N
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ispartofNature communications, April 15, 2014, Vol.5, p.3654
identifierE-ISSN: 2041-1723 ; DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4654
subjectAdolescent–Microbiology ; Adult–Microbiology ; Aged–Microbiology ; Bacteroidetes–Microbiology ; Biodiversity–Microbiology ; Child–Microbiology ; Clostridium–Microbiology ; Diet, Mediterranean–Microbiology ; Diet, Paleolithic–Microbiology ; Ethnic Groups–Microbiology ; Female–Microbiology ; Humans–Microbiology ; Intestines–Microbiology ; Italy–Microbiology ; Male–Microbiology ; Microbiota–Microbiology ; Middle Aged–Microbiology ; Phylogeny–Microbiology ; Prevotella–Microbiology ; Sex Factors
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descriptionHuman gut microbiota directly influences health and provides an extra means of adaptive potential to different lifestyles. To explore variation in gut microbiota and to understand how these bacteria may have co-evolved with humans, here we investigate the phylogenetic diversity and metabolite production of the gut microbiota from a community of human hunter-gatherers, the Hadza of Tanzania. We show that the Hadza have higher levels of microbial richness and biodiversity than Italian urban controls. Further comparisons with two rural farming African groups illustrate other features unique to Hadza that can be linked to a foraging lifestyle. These include absence of Bifidobacterium and differences in microbial composition between the sexes that probably reflect sexual division of labour. Furthermore, enrichment in Prevotella, Treponema and unclassified Bacteroidetes, as well as a peculiar arrangement of Clostridiales taxa, may enhance the Hadza's ability to digest and extract valuable nutrition from fibrous plant foods.
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