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Explaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: self-control matters.

Religiousness is reliably associated with lower substance use, but little research has examined whether self-control helps explain why religiousness predicts lower substance use. Building on prior theoretical work, our studies suggest that self-control mediates the relationship between religiousness... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of personality and social psychology August 2014, Vol.107(2), pp.339-351
Main Author: Dewall, C Nathan
Other Authors: Pond, Richard S , Carter, Evan C , Mccullough, Michael E , Lambert, Nathaniel M , Fincham, Frank D , Nezlek, John B
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1939-1315 ; DOI: 1939-1315 ; DOI: 10.1037/a0036853
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1551611211/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Explaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: self-control matters.
format: Article
creator:
  • Dewall, C Nathan
  • Pond, Richard S
  • Carter, Evan C
  • Mccullough, Michael E
  • Lambert, Nathaniel M
  • Fincham, Frank D
  • Nezlek, John B
subjects:
  • Adolescent–Psychology
  • Adult–Psychology
  • Alcohol Drinking–Psychology
  • Female–Psychology
  • Humans–Psychology
  • Longitudinal Studies–Psychology
  • Male–Psychology
  • Religion–Psychology
  • Religion and Psychology–Psychology
  • Social Control, Informal–Psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders–Psychology
  • Young Adult–Psychology
ispartof: Journal of personality and social psychology, August 2014, Vol.107(2), pp.339-351
description: Religiousness is reliably associated with lower substance use, but little research has examined whether self-control helps explain why religiousness predicts lower substance use. Building on prior theoretical work, our studies suggest that self-control mediates the relationship between religiousness and a variety of substance-use behaviors. Study 1 showed that daily prayer predicted lower alcohol use on subsequent days. In Study 2, religiousness related to lower alcohol use, which was mediated by self-control. Study 3 replicated this mediational pattern using a behavioral measure of self-control. Using a longitudinal design, Study 4 revealed that self-control mediated the relationship between religiousness and lower alcohol use 6 weeks later. Study 5 replicated this mediational pattern again and showed that it remained significant after controlling for trait mindfulness. Studies 6 and 7 replicated and extended these effects to both alcohol and various forms of drug use among community and cross-cultural adult samples. These findings offer novel evidence regarding the role of self-control in explaining why religiousness is associated with lower substance use. [Copyright The American Psychological Association.] Reprinted by permission of the American Psychological Association
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1939-1315 ; DOI: 1939-1315 ; DOI: 10.1037/a0036853
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19391315
  • 1939-1315
url: Link


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titleExplaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: self-control matters.
creatorDewall, C Nathan ; Pond, Richard S ; Carter, Evan C ; Mccullough, Michael E ; Lambert, Nathaniel M ; Fincham, Frank D ; Nezlek, John B
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descriptionReligiousness is reliably associated with lower substance use, but little research has examined whether self-control helps explain why religiousness predicts lower substance use. Building on prior theoretical work, our studies suggest that self-control mediates the relationship between religiousness and a variety of substance-use behaviors. Study 1 showed that daily prayer predicted lower alcohol use on subsequent days. In Study 2, religiousness related to lower alcohol use, which was mediated by self-control. Study 3 replicated this mediational pattern using a behavioral measure of self-control. Using a longitudinal design, Study 4 revealed that self-control mediated the relationship between religiousness and lower alcohol use 6 weeks later. Study 5 replicated this mediational pattern again and showed that it remained significant after controlling for trait mindfulness. Studies 6 and 7 replicated and extended these effects to both alcohol and various forms of drug use among community and cross-cultural adult samples. These findings offer novel evidence regarding the role of self-control in explaining why religiousness is associated with lower substance use. [Copyright The American Psychological Association.] Reprinted by permission of the American Psychological Association
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