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Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from Pakistan: a review of the occurrence and associated human health risks.

Byline: Jabir Hussain Syed (1), Ambreen Alamdar (2), Ashiq Mohammad (3), Karam Ahad (3), Zunera Shabir (4), Haroon Ahmed (5), Syeda Maria Ali (6), Syed Gul Abbas Shah Sani (3), Habib Bokhari (5), Kevin D. Gallagher (7), Iftikhar Ahmad (8), Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani (5) Keywords: Fruits; Veg... Full description

Journal Title: Environmental science and pollution research international Vol.21(23), pp.13367-13393
Main Author: Syed, Jabir Hussain
Other Authors: Alamdar, Ambreen , Mohammad, Ashiq , Ahad, Karam , Shabir, Zunera , Ahmed, Haroon , Ali, Syeda Maria , Sani, Syed Gul Abbas Shah , Bokhari, Habib , Gallagher, Kevin D , Ahmad, Iftikhar , Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Ddt
Created: December 2014
ID: E-ISSN: 1614-7499 ; DOI: 1614-7499 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3117-z
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1626166344/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from Pakistan: a review of the occurrence and associated human health risks.
format: Article
creator:
  • Syed, Jabir Hussain
  • Alamdar, Ambreen
  • Mohammad, Ashiq
  • Ahad, Karam
  • Shabir, Zunera
  • Ahmed, Haroon
  • Ali, Syeda Maria
  • Sani, Syed Gul Abbas Shah
  • Bokhari, Habib
  • Gallagher, Kevin D
  • Ahmad, Iftikhar
  • Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah
subjects:
  • Ddt–Analysis
  • Dieldrin–Analysis
  • Food Contamination–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Fruit–Chemistry
  • Humans–Analysis
  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated–Analysis
  • Lycopersicon Esculentum–Chemistry
  • Pakistan–Chemistry
  • Pesticide Residues–Chemistry
  • Pesticides–Chemistry
  • Risk–Chemistry
  • Vegetables–Chemistry
  • Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
  • Pesticide Residues
  • Pesticides
  • Ddt
  • O,P'-Ddt
  • Dieldrin
ispartof: Environmental science and pollution research international, Vol.21(23), pp.13367-13393
description: Byline: Jabir Hussain Syed (1), Ambreen Alamdar (2), Ashiq Mohammad (3), Karam Ahad (3), Zunera Shabir (4), Haroon Ahmed (5), Syeda Maria Ali (6), Syed Gul Abbas Shah Sani (3), Habib Bokhari (5), Kevin D. Gallagher (7), Iftikhar Ahmad (8), Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani (5) Keywords: Fruits; Vegetables; Pesticides; Maximum residue limits (MRLs); Hazard risk index (HRI); Pakistan Abstract: The main objective of the review is to document, assess and analyze the results of the previously reported data on levels of different pesticides in selected fruits and vegetables from Pakistan. The findings of the previous studies clearly indicated that more than 50 % of the samples were contaminated with organophosphate, pyrethroids and organochlorine pesticides. Many studies reported that among fresh fruits and vegetables tomato, apple, melon, mango, grapes, and plum crossed the FAO/WHO permissible limits for these contaminants residual levels. The comparison of other regions showed that observed levels were found above maximum residue limits (MRLs) in 50 % of the samples but were in agreement with the studies from neighboring countries like China and Bangladesh. Higher hazard risk index (HRI) values were calculated for dieldrin, methamidophos, o,p -DDT, diazinon and p,p -DDT in apple, mango, banana, melon, potato and onion. The review also highlights that data on pesticide residues in foodstuff is scarce which should be overcome by further extending studies from different areas of Pakistan. In order to ascertain the provision of food suitable for human consumption, it is imperative to monitor pesticides in food commodities by the country's authorities and enforce guidelines based on permissible limits. Author Affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, China (2) Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China (3) Ecotoxicology Research Program, National Agricultural Research Center, Park Road, Islamabad, 45500, Pakistan (4) Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-I-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan (5) Public Health and Environment Division, Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan (6) Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan (7) Programme Develo
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1614-7499 ; DOI: 1614-7499 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3117-z
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 16147499
  • 1614-7499
url: Link


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titlePesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from Pakistan: a review of the occurrence and associated human health risks.
creatorSyed, Jabir Hussain ; Alamdar, Ambreen ; Mohammad, Ashiq ; Ahad, Karam ; Shabir, Zunera ; Ahmed, Haroon ; Ali, Syeda Maria ; Sani, Syed Gul Abbas Shah ; Bokhari, Habib ; Gallagher, Kevin D ; Ahmad, Iftikhar ; Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah
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subjectDdt–Analysis ; Dieldrin–Analysis ; Food Contamination–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Fruit–Chemistry ; Humans–Analysis ; Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated–Analysis ; Lycopersicon Esculentum–Chemistry ; Pakistan–Chemistry ; Pesticide Residues–Chemistry ; Pesticides–Chemistry ; Risk–Chemistry ; Vegetables–Chemistry ; Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated ; Pesticide Residues ; Pesticides ; Ddt ; O,P'-Ddt ; Dieldrin
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descriptionByline: Jabir Hussain Syed (1), Ambreen Alamdar (2), Ashiq Mohammad (3), Karam Ahad (3), Zunera Shabir (4), Haroon Ahmed (5), Syeda Maria Ali (6), Syed Gul Abbas Shah Sani (3), Habib Bokhari (5), Kevin D. Gallagher (7), Iftikhar Ahmad (8), Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani (5) Keywords: Fruits; Vegetables; Pesticides; Maximum residue limits (MRLs); Hazard risk index (HRI); Pakistan Abstract: The main objective of the review is to document, assess and analyze the results of the previously reported data on levels of different pesticides in selected fruits and vegetables from Pakistan. The findings of the previous studies clearly indicated that more than 50 % of the samples were contaminated with organophosphate, pyrethroids and organochlorine pesticides. Many studies reported that among fresh fruits and vegetables tomato, apple, melon, mango, grapes, and plum crossed the FAO/WHO permissible limits for these contaminants residual levels. The comparison of other regions showed that observed levels were found above maximum residue limits (MRLs) in 50 % of the samples but were in agreement with the studies from neighboring countries like China and Bangladesh. Higher hazard risk index (HRI) values were calculated for dieldrin, methamidophos, o,p -DDT, diazinon and p,p -DDT in apple, mango, banana, melon, potato and onion. The review also highlights that data on pesticide residues in foodstuff is scarce which should be overcome by further extending studies from different areas of Pakistan. In order to ascertain the provision of food suitable for human consumption, it is imperative to monitor pesticides in food commodities by the country's authorities and enforce guidelines based on permissible limits. Author Affiliation: (1) State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, China (2) Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China (3) Ecotoxicology Research Program, National Agricultural Research Center, Park Road, Islamabad, 45500, Pakistan (4) Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-I-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan (5) Public Health and Environment Division, Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan (6) Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan (7) Programme Development at FAO Representation in Pakistan, NARC Premises, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan (8) Pakistan Agriculture Research Council Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan Article History: Registration Date: 28/05/2014 Received Date: 28/12/2013 Accepted Date: 28/05/2014 Online Date: 25/06/2014 Article note: Responsible editor: Ester Heath Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s11356-014-3117-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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