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Assessing Dietary Quality of Older Chinese People Using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI)

Background/Objectives Few studies have applied the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI) in evaluating dietary quality for Chinese people. The present cross-sectional study assessed dietary quality based on DBI for older people, and the associated factors, in four socioeconomically distinct regions in Ch... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS One Mar 2015, Vol.10(3), p.e0121618
Main Author: Xu, Xiaoyue
Other Authors: Hall, John , Byles, Julie , Shi, Zumin
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121618
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recordid: proquest1674506261
title: Assessing Dietary Quality of Older Chinese People Using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI)
format: Article
creator:
  • Xu, Xiaoyue
  • Hall, John
  • Byles, Julie
  • Shi, Zumin
subjects:
  • Australia
  • United States–Us
  • China
  • Soybeans
  • Lower Bounds
  • Population
  • Food Safety
  • Diet
  • Epidemiology
  • Vegetables
  • Nutrition Research
  • Health Care
  • Provinces
  • Socio-Economic Aspects
  • Fats and Oils
  • Diet
  • Older People
  • Diet
  • Cereals
  • Nutrition
  • Quality
  • Quality Assessment
  • Medicine
  • Nutrition
  • Cereals
  • Education
  • Aging
  • Health Care
  • Education
  • Obesity
  • Medical Research
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Public Health
  • Socioeconomics
  • Vegetables
  • Soybeans
  • Elderly
  • Education
  • Soybeans
  • Households
  • Disease Control
  • Diet
  • University of Newcastle
  • World Health Organization
  • University of North Carolina
  • Chinese People
  • Food Consumption
  • Soybean
  • Diet
  • China
  • Educational Attainment
  • Food
  • Nutrition
ispartof: PLoS One, Mar 2015, Vol.10(3), p.e0121618
description: Background/Objectives Few studies have applied the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI) in evaluating dietary quality for Chinese people. The present cross-sectional study assessed dietary quality based on DBI for older people, and the associated factors, in four socioeconomically distinct regions in China. Methods The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) involves 2745 older Chinese people, aged 60 or over, from four regions (Northeast, East Coast, Central and West) in 2009. Dietary data were obtained by interviews using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days. Four indicators: Total Score (TS), Lower Bound Score (LBS), Higher Bound Score (HBS) and Diet Quality Distance (DQD) from DBI were calculated for assessing dietary quality in different aspects. Results 68.9% of older people had different levels of excessive cereals intake. More than 50% of older people had moderate or severe surplus of oil (64.9%) and salt (58.6%). Intake of vegetables and fruit, milk and soybeans, water, and dietary variety were insufficient, especially for milk and soybeans. 80.8% of people had moderate or severe unbalanced diet consumption. The largest differences of DQD scores have been found for people with different education levels and urbanicity levels. People with higher education levels have lower DQD scores (p
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121618
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleAssessing Dietary Quality of Older Chinese People Using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI)
creatorXu, Xiaoyue ; Hall, John ; Byles, Julie ; Shi, Zumin
ispartofPLoS One, Mar 2015, Vol.10(3), p.e0121618
identifierE-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121618
subjectAustralia ; United States–Us ; China ; Soybeans ; Lower Bounds ; Population ; Food Safety ; Diet ; Epidemiology ; Vegetables ; Nutrition Research ; Health Care ; Provinces ; Socio-Economic Aspects ; Fats and Oils ; Diet ; Older People ; Diet ; Cereals ; Nutrition ; Quality ; Quality Assessment ; Medicine ; Nutrition ; Cereals ; Education ; Aging ; Health Care ; Education ; Obesity ; Medical Research ; Cardiovascular Disease ; Public Health ; Socioeconomics ; Vegetables ; Soybeans ; Elderly ; Education ; Soybeans ; Households ; Disease Control ; Diet ; University of Newcastle ; World Health Organization ; University of North Carolina ; Chinese People ; Food Consumption ; Soybean ; Diet ; China ; Educational Attainment ; Food ; Nutrition
descriptionBackground/Objectives Few studies have applied the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI) in evaluating dietary quality for Chinese people. The present cross-sectional study assessed dietary quality based on DBI for older people, and the associated factors, in four socioeconomically distinct regions in China. Methods The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) involves 2745 older Chinese people, aged 60 or over, from four regions (Northeast, East Coast, Central and West) in 2009. Dietary data were obtained by interviews using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days. Four indicators: Total Score (TS), Lower Bound Score (LBS), Higher Bound Score (HBS) and Diet Quality Distance (DQD) from DBI were calculated for assessing dietary quality in different aspects. Results 68.9% of older people had different levels of excessive cereals intake. More than 50% of older people had moderate or severe surplus of oil (64.9%) and salt (58.6%). Intake of vegetables and fruit, milk and soybeans, water, and dietary variety were insufficient, especially for milk and soybeans. 80.8% of people had moderate or severe unbalanced diet consumption. The largest differences of DQD scores have been found for people with different education levels and urbanicity levels. People with higher education levels have lower DQD scores (p<0.001), and people living in medium and low urbanicity areas had 2.8 and 8.9 higher DQD scores than their high urbanicity counterparts (p<0.001). Also, significant differences of DQD scores have been found according to gender, marital status, work status and regions (p<0.001). Conclusion DBI can reveal problems of dietary quality for older Chinese people. Rectifying unbalanced diet intake may lead to prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Dieticians and health care professionals need to increase dissemination and uptake of nutrition education, with interventions targeted at regions of lower socioeconomic status.
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titleAssessing Dietary Quality of Older Chinese People Using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI)
descriptionBackground/Objectives Few studies have applied the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI) in evaluating dietary quality for Chinese people. The present cross-sectional study assessed dietary quality based on DBI for older people, and the associated factors, in four socioeconomically distinct regions in China. Methods The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) involves 2745 older Chinese people, aged 60 or over, from four regions (Northeast, East Coast, Central and West) in 2009. Dietary data were obtained by interviews using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days. Four indicators: Total Score (TS), Lower Bound Score (LBS), Higher Bound Score (HBS) and Diet Quality Distance (DQD) from DBI were calculated for assessing dietary quality in different aspects. Results 68.9% of older people had different levels of excessive cereals intake. More than 50% of older people had moderate or severe surplus of oil (64.9%) and salt (58.6%). Intake of vegetables and fruit, milk and soybeans, water, and dietary variety were insufficient, especially for milk and soybeans. 80.8% of people had moderate or severe unbalanced diet consumption. The largest differences of DQD scores have been found for people with different education levels and urbanicity levels. People with higher education levels have lower DQD scores (p<0.001), and people living in medium and low urbanicity areas had 2.8 and 8.9 higher DQD scores than their high urbanicity counterparts (p<0.001). Also, significant differences of DQD scores have been found according to gender, marital status, work status and regions (p<0.001). Conclusion DBI can reveal problems of dietary quality for older Chinese people. Rectifying unbalanced diet intake may lead to prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Dieticians and health care professionals need to increase dissemination and uptake of nutrition education, with interventions targeted at regions of lower socioeconomic status.
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titleAssessing Dietary Quality of Older Chinese People Using the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI)
authorXu, Xiaoyue ; Hall, John ; Byles, Julie ; Shi, Zumin
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1United States–Us
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5Population
6Food Safety
7Diet
8Epidemiology
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10Nutrition Research
11Health Care
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abstractBackground/Objectives Few studies have applied the Chinese Diet Balance Index (DBI) in evaluating dietary quality for Chinese people. The present cross-sectional study assessed dietary quality based on DBI for older people, and the associated factors, in four socioeconomically distinct regions in China. Methods The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) involves 2745 older Chinese people, aged 60 or over, from four regions (Northeast, East Coast, Central and West) in 2009. Dietary data were obtained by interviews using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days. Four indicators: Total Score (TS), Lower Bound Score (LBS), Higher Bound Score (HBS) and Diet Quality Distance (DQD) from DBI were calculated for assessing dietary quality in different aspects. Results 68.9% of older people had different levels of excessive cereals intake. More than 50% of older people had moderate or severe surplus of oil (64.9%) and salt (58.6%). Intake of vegetables and fruit, milk and soybeans, water, and dietary variety were insufficient, especially for milk and soybeans. 80.8% of people had moderate or severe unbalanced diet consumption. The largest differences of DQD scores have been found for people with different education levels and urbanicity levels. People with higher education levels have lower DQD scores (p<0.001), and people living in medium and low urbanicity areas had 2.8 and 8.9 higher DQD scores than their high urbanicity counterparts (p<0.001). Also, significant differences of DQD scores have been found according to gender, marital status, work status and regions (p<0.001). Conclusion DBI can reveal problems of dietary quality for older Chinese people. Rectifying unbalanced diet intake may lead to prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Dieticians and health care professionals need to increase dissemination and uptake of nutrition education, with interventions targeted at regions of lower socioeconomic status.
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