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Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y: the Generation R Study.

BACKGROUNDMaternal diet during pregnancy may affect body composition of the offspring later in life, but evidence is still scarce. OBJECTIVEWe aimed to examine whether maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy are associated with body composition of the child at age 6 y. METHODSThis study was perfo... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of clinical nutrition October 2015, Vol.102(4), pp.873-880
Main Author: van Den Broek, Marion
Other Authors: Leermakers, Elisabeth Tm , Jaddoe, Vincent Wv , Steegers, Eric Ap , Rivadeneira, Fernando , Raat, Hein , Hofman, Albert , Franco, Oscar H , Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.102905
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1718905710/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y: the Generation R Study.
format: Article
creator:
  • van Den Broek, Marion
  • Leermakers, Elisabeth Tm
  • Jaddoe, Vincent Wv
  • Steegers, Eric Ap
  • Rivadeneira, Fernando
  • Raat, Hein
  • Hofman, Albert
  • Franco, Oscar H
  • Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C
subjects:
  • Absorptiometry, Photon–Administration & Dosage
  • Animals–Administration & Dosage
  • Body Composition–Administration & Dosage
  • Body Mass Index–Administration & Dosage
  • Body Weight–Administration & Dosage
  • Child–Administration & Dosage
  • Diet–Administration & Dosage
  • Dietary Fiber–Administration & Dosage
  • Edible Grain–Administration & Dosage
  • Feeding Behavior–Administration & Dosage
  • Female–Administration & Dosage
  • Fishes–Administration & Dosage
  • Humans–Administration & Dosage
  • Life Style–Administration & Dosage
  • Linear Models–Administration & Dosage
  • Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena–Administration & Dosage
  • Nutrition Assessment–Administration & Dosage
  • Nuts–Administration & Dosage
  • Pregnancy–Administration & Dosage
  • Prospective Studies–Administration & Dosage
  • Seafood–Administration & Dosage
  • Snacks–Administration & Dosage
  • Socioeconomic Factors–Administration & Dosage
  • Vegetables–Administration & Dosage
  • Abridged
  • Child Body Composition
  • Diet During Pregnancy
  • Dietary Patterns
  • Epidemiology
  • Fetal Programming
ispartof: The American journal of clinical nutrition, October 2015, Vol.102(4), pp.873-880
description: BACKGROUNDMaternal diet during pregnancy may affect body composition of the offspring later in life, but evidence is still scarce. OBJECTIVEWe aimed to examine whether maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy are associated with body composition of the child at age 6 y. METHODSThis study was performed among 2695 Dutch mother-child pairs from a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onward. Maternal diet was assessed in early pregnancy by a 293-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Vegetable, fish, and oil; nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals; and margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary patterns were derived from principal component analysis. We measured weight and height of the child at age 6 y at the research center. Total body fat and regional fat mass percentages of the child were assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTSIn the crude models, statistically significant associations were found for higher adherence to the vegetable, fish, and oil dietary pattern and the nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals dietary pattern with lower body mass index, lower fat mass index, and lower risk of being overweight, but none of these associations remained significant after adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. We found no associations between the margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary pattern and any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONOur results suggest that the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y are to a large extent explained by sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of mother and child.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.102905
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19383207
  • 1938-3207
url: Link


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titleMaternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y: the Generation R Study.
creatorvan Den Broek, Marion ; Leermakers, Elisabeth Tm ; Jaddoe, Vincent Wv ; Steegers, Eric Ap ; Rivadeneira, Fernando ; Raat, Hein ; Hofman, Albert ; Franco, Oscar H ; Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C
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descriptionBACKGROUNDMaternal diet during pregnancy may affect body composition of the offspring later in life, but evidence is still scarce. OBJECTIVEWe aimed to examine whether maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy are associated with body composition of the child at age 6 y. METHODSThis study was performed among 2695 Dutch mother-child pairs from a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onward. Maternal diet was assessed in early pregnancy by a 293-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Vegetable, fish, and oil; nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals; and margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary patterns were derived from principal component analysis. We measured weight and height of the child at age 6 y at the research center. Total body fat and regional fat mass percentages of the child were assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTSIn the crude models, statistically significant associations were found for higher adherence to the vegetable, fish, and oil dietary pattern and the nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals dietary pattern with lower body mass index, lower fat mass index, and lower risk of being overweight, but none of these associations remained significant after adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. We found no associations between the margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary pattern and any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONOur results suggest that the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y are to a large extent explained by sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of mother and child.
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titleMaternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y: the Generation R Study.
descriptionBACKGROUNDMaternal diet during pregnancy may affect body composition of the offspring later in life, but evidence is still scarce. OBJECTIVEWe aimed to examine whether maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy are associated with body composition of the child at age 6 y. METHODSThis study was performed among 2695 Dutch mother-child pairs from a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onward. Maternal diet was assessed in early pregnancy by a 293-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Vegetable, fish, and oil; nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals; and margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary patterns were derived from principal component analysis. We measured weight and height of the child at age 6 y at the research center. Total body fat and regional fat mass percentages of the child were assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTSIn the crude models, statistically significant associations were found for higher adherence to the vegetable, fish, and oil dietary pattern and the nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals dietary pattern with lower body mass index, lower fat mass index, and lower risk of being overweight, but none of these associations remained significant after adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. We found no associations between the margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary pattern and any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONOur results suggest that the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y are to a large extent explained by sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of mother and child.
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authorvan Den Broek, Marion ; Leermakers, Elisabeth Tm ; Jaddoe, Vincent Wv ; Steegers, Eric Ap ; Rivadeneira, Fernando ; Raat, Hein ; Hofman, Albert ; Franco, Oscar H ; Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C
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abstractBACKGROUNDMaternal diet during pregnancy may affect body composition of the offspring later in life, but evidence is still scarce. OBJECTIVEWe aimed to examine whether maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy are associated with body composition of the child at age 6 y. METHODSThis study was performed among 2695 Dutch mother-child pairs from a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onward. Maternal diet was assessed in early pregnancy by a 293-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Vegetable, fish, and oil; nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals; and margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary patterns were derived from principal component analysis. We measured weight and height of the child at age 6 y at the research center. Total body fat and regional fat mass percentages of the child were assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTSIn the crude models, statistically significant associations were found for higher adherence to the vegetable, fish, and oil dietary pattern and the nuts, soy, and high-fiber cereals dietary pattern with lower body mass index, lower fat mass index, and lower risk of being overweight, but none of these associations remained significant after adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. We found no associations between the margarine, snacks, and sugar dietary pattern and any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONOur results suggest that the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and body composition of the child at age 6 y are to a large extent explained by sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of mother and child.
doi10.3945/ajcn.114.102905
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issn00029165
date2015-10-01