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Improvements In US Diet Helped Reduce Disease Burden And Lower Premature Deaths, 1999-2012; Overall Diet Remains Poor.

Evaluation of time trends in dietary quality and their relation to disease burden provides essential feedback for policy making. We used an index titled the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 to evaluate trends in dietary quality among 33,885 US adults. From 1999 to 2012 the index increased from 39... Full description

Journal Title: Health affairs (Project Hope) November 2015, Vol.34(11), pp.1916-1922
Main Author: Wang, Dong D
Other Authors: Li, Yanping , Chiuve, Stephanie E , Hu, Frank B , Willett, Walter C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1544-5208 ; DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0640
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1730026675/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Improvements In US Diet Helped Reduce Disease Burden And Lower Premature Deaths, 1999-2012; Overall Diet Remains Poor.
format: Article
creator:
  • Wang, Dong D
  • Li, Yanping
  • Chiuve, Stephanie E
  • Hu, Frank B
  • Willett, Walter C
subjects:
  • Cardiovascular Diseases–Epidemiology
  • Cost of Illness–Mortality
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Epidemiology
  • Female–Mortality
  • Health Surveys–Trends
  • Healthy Diet–Epidemiology
  • Humans–Mortality
  • Male–Epidemiology
  • Mortality, Premature–Epidemiology
  • Neoplasms–Epidemiology
  • United States–Epidemiology
  • Disparities
  • Epidemiology
  • Legal/Regulatory Issues
  • Politics
  • Public Health
ispartof: Health affairs (Project Hope), November 2015, Vol.34(11), pp.1916-1922
description: Evaluation of time trends in dietary quality and their relation to disease burden provides essential feedback for policy making. We used an index titled the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 to evaluate trends in dietary quality among 33,885 US adults. From 1999 to 2012 the index increased from 39.9 to 48.2 (perfect score = 110). Gaps in performance on the index across socioeconomic groups persisted or widened. Using data relating index scores to health outcomes in two large cohorts, we estimated that the improvements in dietary quality from 1999 to 2012 prevented 1.1 million premature deaths. Also, this improvement in diet quality resulted in 8.6 percent fewer cardiovascular disease cases, 1.3 percent fewer cancer cases, and 12.6 percent fewer type 2 diabetes cases. Although the steady improvement in dietary quality likely accounted for substantial reductions in disease burden from 1999 to 2012, overall dietary quality in the United States remains poor. Policy initiatives are needed to ensure further improvements.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1544-5208 ; DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0640
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 15445208
  • 1544-5208
url: Link


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titleImprovements In US Diet Helped Reduce Disease Burden And Lower Premature Deaths, 1999-2012; Overall Diet Remains Poor.
creatorWang, Dong D ; Li, Yanping ; Chiuve, Stephanie E ; Hu, Frank B ; Willett, Walter C
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identifierE-ISSN: 1544-5208 ; DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0640
subjectCardiovascular Diseases–Epidemiology ; Cost of Illness–Mortality ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Epidemiology ; Female–Mortality ; Health Surveys–Trends ; Healthy Diet–Epidemiology ; Humans–Mortality ; Male–Epidemiology ; Mortality, Premature–Epidemiology ; Neoplasms–Epidemiology ; United States–Epidemiology ; Disparities ; Epidemiology ; Legal/Regulatory Issues ; Politics ; Public Health
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descriptionEvaluation of time trends in dietary quality and their relation to disease burden provides essential feedback for policy making. We used an index titled the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 to evaluate trends in dietary quality among 33,885 US adults. From 1999 to 2012 the index increased from 39.9 to 48.2 (perfect score = 110). Gaps in performance on the index across socioeconomic groups persisted or widened. Using data relating index scores to health outcomes in two large cohorts, we estimated that the improvements in dietary quality from 1999 to 2012 prevented 1.1 million premature deaths. Also, this improvement in diet quality resulted in 8.6 percent fewer cardiovascular disease cases, 1.3 percent fewer cancer cases, and 12.6 percent fewer type 2 diabetes cases. Although the steady improvement in dietary quality likely accounted for substantial reductions in disease burden from 1999 to 2012, overall dietary quality in the United States remains poor. Policy initiatives are needed to ensure further improvements.
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