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Neandertal versus Modern Human Dietary Responses to Climatic Fluctuations

The Neandertal lineage developed successfully throughout western Eurasia and effectively survived the harsh and severely changing environments of the alternating glacial/interglacial cycles from the middle of the Pleistocene until Marine Isotope Stage 3. Yet, towards the end of this stage, at the ti... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS One Apr 2016, Vol.11(4), p.e0153277
Main Author: Grine, Frederick
Other Authors: Ungar, Peter
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153277
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recordid: proquest1784752669
title: Neandertal versus Modern Human Dietary Responses to Climatic Fluctuations
format: Article
creator:
  • Grine, Frederick
  • Ungar, Peter
subjects:
  • Homo Neanderthalensis
  • Mammals
  • Pleistocene
  • Food Availability
  • Diet
  • Food
  • Climatic Conditions
  • Exploitation
  • Endangered & Extinct Species
  • Variations
  • Paleolithic
  • Changing Environments
  • Climate Change
  • Diet
  • Climatic Conditions
  • Diet
  • Freshwater Resources
  • Resource Exploitation
  • Fluctuations
ispartof: PLoS One, Apr 2016, Vol.11(4), p.e0153277
description: The Neandertal lineage developed successfully throughout western Eurasia and effectively survived the harsh and severely changing environments of the alternating glacial/interglacial cycles from the middle of the Pleistocene until Marine Isotope Stage 3. Yet, towards the end of this stage, at the time of deteriorating climatic conditions that eventually led to the Last Glacial Maximum, and soon after modern humans entered western Eurasia, the Neandertals disappeared. Western Eurasia was by then exclusively occupied by modern humans. We use occlusal molar microwear texture analysis to examine aspects of diet in western Eurasian Paleolithic hominins in relation to fluctuations in food supplies that resulted from the oscillating climatic conditions of the Pleistocene. There is demonstrable evidence for differences in behavior that distinguish Upper Paleolithic humans from members of the Neandertal lineage. Specifically, whereas the Neandertals altered their diets in response to changing paleoecological...
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153277
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleNeandertal versus Modern Human Dietary Responses to Climatic Fluctuations
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subjectHomo Neanderthalensis ; Mammals ; Pleistocene ; Food Availability ; Diet ; Food ; Climatic Conditions ; Exploitation ; Endangered & Extinct Species ; Variations ; Paleolithic ; Changing Environments ; Climate Change ; Diet ; Climatic Conditions ; Diet ; Freshwater Resources ; Resource Exploitation ; Fluctuations
descriptionThe Neandertal lineage developed successfully throughout western Eurasia and effectively survived the harsh and severely changing environments of the alternating glacial/interglacial cycles from the middle of the Pleistocene until Marine Isotope Stage 3. Yet, towards the end of this stage, at the time of deteriorating climatic conditions that eventually led to the Last Glacial Maximum, and soon after modern humans entered western Eurasia, the Neandertals disappeared. Western Eurasia was by then exclusively occupied by modern humans. We use occlusal molar microwear texture analysis to examine aspects of diet in western Eurasian Paleolithic hominins in relation to fluctuations in food supplies that resulted from the oscillating climatic conditions of the Pleistocene. There is demonstrable evidence for differences in behavior that distinguish Upper Paleolithic humans from members of the Neandertal lineage. Specifically, whereas the Neandertals altered their diets in response to changing paleoecological...
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titleNeandertal versus Modern Human Dietary Responses to Climatic Fluctuations
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abstractThe Neandertal lineage developed successfully throughout western Eurasia and effectively survived the harsh and severely changing environments of the alternating glacial/interglacial cycles from the middle of the Pleistocene until Marine Isotope Stage 3. Yet, towards the end of this stage, at the time of deteriorating climatic conditions that eventually led to the Last Glacial Maximum, and soon after modern humans entered western Eurasia, the Neandertals disappeared. Western Eurasia was by then exclusively occupied by modern humans. We use occlusal molar microwear texture analysis to examine aspects of diet in western Eurasian Paleolithic hominins in relation to fluctuations in food supplies that resulted from the oscillating climatic conditions of the Pleistocene. There is demonstrable evidence for differences in behavior that distinguish Upper Paleolithic humans from members of the Neandertal lineage. Specifically, whereas the Neandertals altered their diets in response to changing paleoecological...
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