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Diet Assessment Methods in the Nurses' Health Studies and Contribution to Evidence-Based Nutritional Policies and Guidelines.

OBJECTIVESTo review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODSWe performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTSThrough periodic assessment of d... Full description

Journal Title: American journal of public health September 2016, Vol.106(9), pp.1567-1572
Main Author: Hu, Frank B
Other Authors: Satija, Ambika , Rimm, Eric B , Spiegelman, Donna , Sampson, Laura , Rosner, Bernard , Camargo, Carlos A , Stampfer, Meir , Willett, Walter C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1541-0048 ; DOI: 1541-0048 ; DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303348
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1811290548/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Diet Assessment Methods in the Nurses' Health Studies and Contribution to Evidence-Based Nutritional Policies and Guidelines.
format: Article
creator:
  • Hu, Frank B
  • Satija, Ambika
  • Rimm, Eric B
  • Spiegelman, Donna
  • Sampson, Laura
  • Rosner, Bernard
  • Camargo, Carlos A
  • Stampfer, Meir
  • Willett, Walter C
subjects:
  • Adult–Analysis
  • Biomarkers–Analysis
  • Diet Records–Analysis
  • Epidemiologic Studies–Analysis
  • Evidence-Based Medicine–Analysis
  • Female–Analysis
  • Humans–Analysis
  • Longitudinal Studies–Analysis
  • Middle Aged–Analysis
  • Nurses–Analysis
  • Nutrition Policy–Analysis
  • Prospective Studies–Analysis
  • Public Health–Analysis
  • United States–Analysis
  • Abridged
  • Biomarkers
ispartof: American journal of public health, September 2016, Vol.106(9), pp.1567-1572
description: OBJECTIVESTo review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODSWe performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTSThrough periodic assessment of diet by validated dietary questionnaires over 40 years, the NHSs have identified dietary determinants of diseases such as breast and other cancers; obesity; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular, respiratory, and eye diseases; and neurodegenerative and mental health disorders. Nutritional biomarkers were assessed using blood, urine, and toenail samples. Robust findings, from the NHSs, together with evidence from other large cohorts and randomized dietary intervention trials, have contributed to the evidence base for developing dietary guidelines and nutritional policies to reduce intakes of trans fat, saturated fat, sugar-sweetened beverages, red and processed meats, and refined carbohydrates while promoting higher intake of healthy fats and carbohydrates and overall healthful dietary patterns. CONCLUSIONSThe long-term, periodically collected dietary data in the NHSs, with documented reliability and validity, have contributed extensively to our understanding of the dietary determinants of various diseases, informing dietary guidelines and shaping nutritional policy.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1541-0048 ; DOI: 1541-0048 ; DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303348
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 15410048
  • 1541-0048
url: Link


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titleDiet Assessment Methods in the Nurses' Health Studies and Contribution to Evidence-Based Nutritional Policies and Guidelines.
creatorHu, Frank B ; Satija, Ambika ; Rimm, Eric B ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Sampson, Laura ; Rosner, Bernard ; Camargo, Carlos A ; Stampfer, Meir ; Willett, Walter C
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subjectAdult–Analysis ; Biomarkers–Analysis ; Diet Records–Analysis ; Epidemiologic Studies–Analysis ; Evidence-Based Medicine–Analysis ; Female–Analysis ; Humans–Analysis ; Longitudinal Studies–Analysis ; Middle Aged–Analysis ; Nurses–Analysis ; Nutrition Policy–Analysis ; Prospective Studies–Analysis ; Public Health–Analysis ; United States–Analysis ; Abridged ; Biomarkers
descriptionOBJECTIVESTo review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODSWe performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTSThrough periodic assessment of diet by validated dietary questionnaires over 40 years, the NHSs have identified dietary determinants of diseases such as breast and other cancers; obesity; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular, respiratory, and eye diseases; and neurodegenerative and mental health disorders. Nutritional biomarkers were assessed using blood, urine, and toenail samples. Robust findings, from the NHSs, together with evidence from other large cohorts and randomized dietary intervention trials, have contributed to the evidence base for developing dietary guidelines and nutritional policies to reduce intakes of trans fat, saturated fat, sugar-sweetened beverages, red and processed meats, and refined carbohydrates while promoting higher intake of healthy fats and carbohydrates and overall healthful dietary patterns. CONCLUSIONSThe long-term, periodically collected dietary data in the NHSs, with documented reliability and validity, have contributed extensively to our understanding of the dietary determinants of various diseases, informing dietary guidelines and shaping nutritional policy.
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titleDiet Assessment Methods in the Nurses' Health Studies and Contribution to Evidence-Based Nutritional Policies and Guidelines.
descriptionOBJECTIVESTo review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODSWe performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTSThrough periodic assessment of diet by validated dietary questionnaires over 40 years, the NHSs have identified dietary determinants of diseases such as breast and other cancers; obesity; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular, respiratory, and eye diseases; and neurodegenerative and mental health disorders. Nutritional biomarkers were assessed using blood, urine, and toenail samples. Robust findings, from the NHSs, together with evidence from other large cohorts and randomized dietary intervention trials, have contributed to the evidence base for developing dietary guidelines and nutritional policies to reduce intakes of trans fat, saturated fat, sugar-sweetened beverages, red and processed meats, and refined carbohydrates while promoting higher intake of healthy fats and carbohydrates and overall healthful dietary patterns. CONCLUSIONSThe long-term, periodically collected dietary data in the NHSs, with documented reliability and validity, have contributed extensively to our understanding of the dietary determinants of various diseases, informing dietary guidelines and shaping nutritional policy.
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abstractOBJECTIVESTo review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHSs) to diet assessment methods and evidence-based nutritional policies and guidelines. METHODSWe performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTSThrough periodic assessment of diet by validated dietary questionnaires over 40 years, the NHSs have identified dietary determinants of diseases such as breast and other cancers; obesity; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular, respiratory, and eye diseases; and neurodegenerative and mental health disorders. Nutritional biomarkers were assessed using blood, urine, and toenail samples. Robust findings, from the NHSs, together with evidence from other large cohorts and randomized dietary intervention trials, have contributed to the evidence base for developing dietary guidelines and nutritional policies to reduce intakes of trans fat, saturated fat, sugar-sweetened beverages, red and processed meats, and refined carbohydrates while promoting higher intake of healthy fats and carbohydrates and overall healthful dietary patterns. CONCLUSIONSThe long-term, periodically collected dietary data in the NHSs, with documented reliability and validity, have contributed extensively to our understanding of the dietary determinants of various diseases, informing dietary guidelines and shaping nutritional policy.
doi10.2105/AJPH.2016.303348
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date2016-09-01