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The Cross-Sectional Association between Diet Quality and Depressive Symptomology amongst Fijian Adolescents

Objective To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. Methods Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS One Aug 2016, Vol.11(8), p.e0161709
Main Author: Sinclair, Rachael
Other Authors: Millar, Lynne , Allender, Steven , Snowdon, Wendy , Jacka, Felice , Moodie, Marj , Petersen, Solveig , Swinburn, Boyd
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Age
ID: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161709
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title: The Cross-Sectional Association between Diet Quality and Depressive Symptomology amongst Fijian Adolescents
format: Article
creator:
  • Sinclair, Rachael
  • Millar, Lynne
  • Allender, Steven
  • Snowdon, Wendy
  • Jacka, Felice
  • Moodie, Marj
  • Petersen, Solveig
  • Swinburn, Boyd
subjects:
  • Gender Differences
  • Clinical Trials
  • Health Promotion
  • Mental Health
  • Minority & Ethnic Groups
  • Physical Activity
  • Adolescence
  • Physical Activity
  • Adolescents
  • Medical Research
  • Diet
  • Epidemiology
  • Symptomology
  • Nutrition Research
  • Mental Health Care
  • Mental Disorders
  • Depression
  • Social Change
  • Girls
  • Age
  • Factor Analysis
  • Diet
  • Community
  • Age
  • Adolescents
  • Schools
  • Pediatrics
  • Mental Disorders
  • Cross Sections
  • Emotions
  • Quality of Life
  • Quality Assessment
  • Factor Analysis
  • Schools
  • Studies
  • Prevention
  • Body Mass
  • Response Rates
  • Obesity
  • Public Health
  • Quality of Life
  • Mental Depression
  • Regression Analysis
  • Teenagers
  • Quality of Life
  • Factor Analysis
  • Minority & Ethnic Groups
  • Diet
  • Emotions
  • Adolescents
  • Mental Health and Psychiatry
  • Schools
  • Depression
  • Ethnic Epidemiology
  • Food Consumption
ispartof: PLoS One, Aug 2016, Vol.11(8), p.e0161709
description: Objective To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. Methods Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up (2007/2008), from the Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities Project. Intervention schools (n = 7) were selected from Nasinu, near Suva on the main Fijian island Viti Levu, and comparison schools (n = 11) were chosen from towns on the opposite, west side of the island. A dietary questionnaire was used to measure diet quality. Factor analysis clustered dietary variables into two unique and independent factors, referred to as healthy diet quality and unhealthy diet quality. Depressive symptomology was assessed via the emotional subscale of the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Both measures were self-reported and self-administered. Multiple linear regression was used to test cross-sectional associations (at baseline and follow-up) between diet quality and depressive symptomology. Variables controlled for included gender, age, ethnicity, study condition, BMI-z scores, and physical activity. Findings Strong, positive dose-response associations between healthy diet and high emotional scores (lower depressive symptomology) were found in cross-sectional analyses at baseline and follow-up, among boys and girls. No association was found between emotional health and unhealthy diet. Conclusions This study suggests that cross-sectional relationships exist between a high quality diet during adolescence and less depressive symptoms, however more evidence is required to determine if these two variables are linked causally. Trial population health strategies that use dietary interventions as a mechanism for mental health promotion provide an opportunity to further test these associations. If this is indeed a true relationship, these forms of interventions have the potential to be inexpensive and have substantial reach, especially in Low and Middle Income Countries. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12608000345381
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161709
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleThe Cross-Sectional Association between Diet Quality and Depressive Symptomology amongst Fijian Adolescents
creatorSinclair, Rachael ; Millar, Lynne ; Allender, Steven ; Snowdon, Wendy ; Jacka, Felice ; Moodie, Marj ; Petersen, Solveig ; Swinburn, Boyd
ispartofPLoS One, Aug 2016, Vol.11(8), p.e0161709
identifierE-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161709
subjectGender Differences ; Clinical Trials ; Health Promotion ; Mental Health ; Minority & Ethnic Groups ; Physical Activity ; Adolescence ; Physical Activity ; Adolescents ; Medical Research ; Diet ; Epidemiology ; Symptomology ; Nutrition Research ; Mental Health Care ; Mental Disorders ; Depression ; Social Change ; Girls ; Age ; Factor Analysis ; Diet ; Community ; Age ; Adolescents ; Schools ; Pediatrics ; Mental Disorders ; Cross Sections ; Emotions ; Quality of Life ; Quality Assessment ; Factor Analysis ; Schools ; Studies ; Prevention ; Body Mass ; Response Rates ; Obesity ; Public Health ; Quality of Life ; Mental Depression ; Regression Analysis ; Teenagers ; Quality of Life ; Factor Analysis ; Minority & Ethnic Groups ; Diet ; Emotions ; Adolescents ; Mental Health and Psychiatry ; Schools ; Depression ; Ethnic Epidemiology ; Food Consumption
descriptionObjective To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. Methods Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up (2007/2008), from the Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities Project. Intervention schools (n = 7) were selected from Nasinu, near Suva on the main Fijian island Viti Levu, and comparison schools (n = 11) were chosen from towns on the opposite, west side of the island. A dietary questionnaire was used to measure diet quality. Factor analysis clustered dietary variables into two unique and independent factors, referred to as healthy diet quality and unhealthy diet quality. Depressive symptomology was assessed via the emotional subscale of the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Both measures were self-reported and self-administered. Multiple linear regression was used to test cross-sectional associations (at baseline and follow-up) between diet quality and depressive symptomology. Variables controlled for included gender, age, ethnicity, study condition, BMI-z scores, and physical activity. Findings Strong, positive dose-response associations between healthy diet and high emotional scores (lower depressive symptomology) were found in cross-sectional analyses at baseline and follow-up, among boys and girls. No association was found between emotional health and unhealthy diet. Conclusions This study suggests that cross-sectional relationships exist between a high quality diet during adolescence and less depressive symptoms, however more evidence is required to determine if these two variables are linked causally. Trial population health strategies that use dietary interventions as a mechanism for mental health promotion provide an opportunity to further test these associations. If this is indeed a true relationship, these forms of interventions have the potential to be inexpensive and have substantial reach, especially in Low and Middle Income Countries. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12608000345381
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titleThe Cross-Sectional Association between Diet Quality and Depressive Symptomology amongst Fijian Adolescents
descriptionObjective To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. Methods Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up (2007/2008), from the Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities Project. Intervention schools (n = 7) were selected from Nasinu, near Suva on the main Fijian island Viti Levu, and comparison schools (n = 11) were chosen from towns on the opposite, west side of the island. A dietary questionnaire was used to measure diet quality. Factor analysis clustered dietary variables into two unique and independent factors, referred to as healthy diet quality and unhealthy diet quality. Depressive symptomology was assessed via the emotional subscale of the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Both measures were self-reported and self-administered. Multiple linear regression was used to test cross-sectional associations (at baseline and follow-up) between diet quality and depressive symptomology. Variables controlled for included gender, age, ethnicity, study condition, BMI-z scores, and physical activity. Findings Strong, positive dose-response associations between healthy diet and high emotional scores (lower depressive symptomology) were found in cross-sectional analyses at baseline and follow-up, among boys and girls. No association was found between emotional health and unhealthy diet. Conclusions This study suggests that cross-sectional relationships exist between a high quality diet during adolescence and less depressive symptoms, however more evidence is required to determine if these two variables are linked causally. Trial population health strategies that use dietary interventions as a mechanism for mental health promotion provide an opportunity to further test these associations. If this is indeed a true relationship, these forms of interventions have the potential to be inexpensive and have substantial reach, especially in Low and Middle Income Countries. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12608000345381
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titleThe Cross-Sectional Association between Diet Quality and Depressive Symptomology amongst Fijian Adolescents
authorSinclair, Rachael ; Millar, Lynne ; Allender, Steven ; Snowdon, Wendy ; Jacka, Felice ; Moodie, Marj ; Petersen, Solveig ; Swinburn, Boyd
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5Physical Activity
6Adolescence
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8Medical Research
9Diet
10Epidemiology
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14Mental Disorders
15Depression
16Social Change
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19Factor Analysis
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25Quality of Life
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33Mental Depression
34Regression Analysis
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abstractObjective To examine the relationship between diet quality and depressive symptomology amongst a community-based sample of Fijian adolescents. Methods Participants included 7,237 adolescents (52.6% girls; mean age 15.6 years) at baseline (2005) and 2,948 (56% girls; mean age 17.4 years) at follow-up (2007/2008), from the Pacific Obesity Prevention in Communities Project. Intervention schools (n = 7) were selected from Nasinu, near Suva on the main Fijian island Viti Levu, and comparison schools (n = 11) were chosen from towns on the opposite, west side of the island. A dietary questionnaire was used to measure diet quality. Factor analysis clustered dietary variables into two unique and independent factors, referred to as healthy diet quality and unhealthy diet quality. Depressive symptomology was assessed via the emotional subscale of the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Both measures were self-reported and self-administered. Multiple linear regression was used to test cross-sectional associations (at baseline and follow-up) between diet quality and depressive symptomology. Variables controlled for included gender, age, ethnicity, study condition, BMI-z scores, and physical activity. Findings Strong, positive dose-response associations between healthy diet and high emotional scores (lower depressive symptomology) were found in cross-sectional analyses at baseline and follow-up, among boys and girls. No association was found between emotional health and unhealthy diet. Conclusions This study suggests that cross-sectional relationships exist between a high quality diet during adolescence and less depressive symptoms, however more evidence is required to determine if these two variables are linked causally. Trial population health strategies that use dietary interventions as a mechanism for mental health promotion provide an opportunity to further test these associations. If this is indeed a true relationship, these forms of interventions have the potential to be inexpensive and have substantial reach, especially in Low and Middle Income Countries. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12608000345381
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