schliessen

Filtern

 

Bibliotheken

Lithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.

There are multiple hypotheses for human responses to glacial cycling in the Late Pleistocene, including changes in population size, interconnectedness, and mobility. Lithic technological analysis informs us of human responses to environmental change because lithic assemblage characteristics are a re... Full description

Journal Title: PloS one 2017, Vol.12(3), p.e0174051
Main Author: Wilkins, Jayne
Other Authors: Brown, Kyle S , Oestmo, Simen , Pereira, Telmo , Ranhorn, Kathryn L , Schoville, Benjamin J , Marean, Curtis W
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174051
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1882500560/?pq-origsite=primo
Zum Text:
SendSend as email Add to Book BagAdd to Book Bag
Staff View
recordid: proquest1882500560
title: Lithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.
format: Article
creator:
  • Wilkins, Jayne
  • Brown, Kyle S
  • Oestmo, Simen
  • Pereira, Telmo
  • Ranhorn, Kathryn L
  • Schoville, Benjamin J
  • Marean, Curtis W
subjects:
  • Archaeology–History
  • Climate–Analysis
  • Diet, Paleolithic–Analysis
  • Geologic Sediments–Analysis
  • History, Ancient–Analysis
  • Humans–Analysis
  • Ice Cover–Analysis
  • Paleontology–Analysis
  • Population Dynamics–Analysis
  • South Africa–Analysis
ispartof: PloS one, 2017, Vol.12(3), p.e0174051
description: There are multiple hypotheses for human responses to glacial cycling in the Late Pleistocene, including changes in population size, interconnectedness, and mobility. Lithic technological analysis informs us of human responses to environmental change because lithic assemblage characteristics are a reflection of raw material transport, reduction, and discard behaviors that depend on hunter-gatherer social and economic decisions. Pinnacle Point Site 5–6 (PP5-6), Western Cape, South Africa is an ideal locality for examining the influence of glacial cycling on early modern human behaviors because it preserves a long sequence spanning marine isotope stages (MIS) 5, 4, and 3 and is associated with robust records of paleoenvironmental change. The analysis presented here addresses the question, what , if any , lithic assemblage traits at PP5-6 represent changing behavioral responses to the MIS 5-4-3 interglacial-glacial cycle? It statistically evaluates changes in 93 traits with no a priori assumptions about which traits may significantly associate with MIS. In contrast to other studies that claim that there is little relationship between broad-scale patterns of climate change and lithic technology, we identified the following characteristics that are associated with MIS 4: increased use of quartz, increased evidence for outcrop sources of quartzite and silcrete, increased evidence for earlier stages of reduction in silcrete, evidence for increased flaking efficiency in all raw material types, and changes in tool types and function for silcrete. Based on these results, we suggest that foragers responded to MIS 4 glacial environmental conditions at PP5-6 with increased population or group sizes, ‘place provisioning’, longer and/or more intense site occupations, and decreased residential mobility. Several other traits, including silcrete frequency, do not exhibit an association with MIS. Backed pieces, once they appear in the PP5-6 record during MIS 4, persist through MIS 3. Changing paleoenvironments explain some, but not all temporal technological variability at PP5-6.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174051
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


@attributes
ID1134893547
RANK0.07
NO1
SEARCH_ENGINEprimo_central_multiple_fe
SEARCH_ENGINE_TYPEPrimo Central Search Engine
LOCALfalse
PrimoNMBib
record
control
sourcerecordid1882500560
sourceidproquest
recordidTN_proquest1882500560
sourcesystemPC
pqid1882500560
galeid487722170
display
typearticle
titleLithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.
creatorWilkins, Jayne ; Brown, Kyle S ; Oestmo, Simen ; Pereira, Telmo ; Ranhorn, Kathryn L ; Schoville, Benjamin J ; Marean, Curtis W
contributorWilkins, Jayne (correspondence author) ; Wilkins, Jayne (record owner)
ispartofPloS one, 2017, Vol.12(3), p.e0174051
identifierE-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174051
subjectArchaeology–History ; Climate–Analysis ; Diet, Paleolithic–Analysis ; Geologic Sediments–Analysis ; History, Ancient–Analysis ; Humans–Analysis ; Ice Cover–Analysis ; Paleontology–Analysis ; Population Dynamics–Analysis ; South Africa–Analysis
languageeng
source
descriptionThere are multiple hypotheses for human responses to glacial cycling in the Late Pleistocene, including changes in population size, interconnectedness, and mobility. Lithic technological analysis informs us of human responses to environmental change because lithic assemblage characteristics are a reflection of raw material transport, reduction, and discard behaviors that depend on hunter-gatherer social and economic decisions. Pinnacle Point Site 5–6 (PP5-6), Western Cape, South Africa is an ideal locality for examining the influence of glacial cycling on early modern human behaviors because it preserves a long sequence spanning marine isotope stages (MIS) 5, 4, and 3 and is associated with robust records of paleoenvironmental change. The analysis presented here addresses the question, what , if any , lithic assemblage traits at PP5-6 represent changing behavioral responses to the MIS 5-4-3 interglacial-glacial cycle? It statistically evaluates changes in 93 traits with no a priori assumptions about which traits may significantly associate with MIS. In contrast to other studies that claim that there is little relationship between broad-scale patterns of climate change and lithic technology, we identified the following characteristics that are associated with MIS 4: increased use of quartz, increased evidence for outcrop sources of quartzite and silcrete, increased evidence for earlier stages of reduction in silcrete, evidence for increased flaking efficiency in all raw material types, and changes in tool types and function for silcrete. Based on these results, we suggest that foragers responded to MIS 4 glacial environmental conditions at PP5-6 with increased population or group sizes, ‘place provisioning’, longer and/or more intense site occupations, and decreased residential mobility. Several other traits, including silcrete frequency, do not exhibit an association with MIS. Backed pieces, once they appear in the PP5-6 record during MIS 4, persist through MIS 3. Changing paleoenvironments explain some, but not all temporal technological variability at PP5-6.
version8
lds50peer_reviewed
links
openurl$$Topenurl_article
openurlfulltext$$Topenurlfull_article
backlink$$Uhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1882500560/?pq-origsite=primo$$EView_record_in_ProQuest_(subscribers_only)
search
creatorcontrib
0Wilkins, Jayne
1Brown, Kyle S
2Oestmo, Simen
3Pereira, Telmo
4Ranhorn, Kathryn L
5Schoville, Benjamin J
6Marean, Curtis W
titleLithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.
subject
0Archaeology–History
1Climate–Analysis
2Diet, Paleolithic–Analysis
3Geologic Sediments–Analysis
4History, Ancient–Analysis
5Humans–Analysis
6Ice Cover–Analysis
7Paleontology–Analysis
8Population Dynamics–Analysis
9South Africa–Analysis
general
0English
110.1371/journal.pone.0174051
2MEDLINE (ProQuest)
3ProQuest Biological Science Collection
4ProQuest Natural Science Collection
5ProQuest SciTech Collection
6Biological Science Database
7Natural Science Collection
8SciTech Premium Collection
9Health Research Premium Collection
10Health Research Premium Collection (Alumni edition)
11Biological Science Index (ProQuest)
sourceidproquest
recordidproquest1882500560
issn
019326203
11932-6203
rsrctypearticle
creationdate2017
addtitlePloS one
searchscope
01007527
11007944
21009130
310000004
410000038
510000050
610000120
710000159
810000238
910000253
1010000260
1110000270
1210000271
1310000302
1410000350
15proquest
scope
01007527
11007944
21009130
310000004
410000038
510000050
610000120
710000159
810000238
910000253
1010000260
1110000270
1210000271
1310000302
1410000350
15proquest
lsr43
01007527false
11007944false
21009130false
310000004false
410000038false
510000050false
610000120false
710000159false
810000238false
910000253false
1010000260false
1110000270false
1210000271false
1310000302false
1410000350false
contributorWilkins, Jayne
startdate20170101
enddate20170101
citationpf e0174051 pt e0174051 vol 12 issue 3
lsr30VSR-Enriched:[pqid, description, galeid]
sort
titleLithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.
authorWilkins, Jayne ; Brown, Kyle S ; Oestmo, Simen ; Pereira, Telmo ; Ranhorn, Kathryn L ; Schoville, Benjamin J ; Marean, Curtis W
creationdate20170101
lso0120170101
facets
frbrgroupid8937567741545046563
frbrtype5
newrecords20181218
languageeng
creationdate2017
topic
0Archaeology–History
1Climate–Analysis
2Diet, Paleolithic–Analysis
3Geologic Sediments–Analysis
4History, Ancient–Analysis
5Humans–Analysis
6Ice Cover–Analysis
7Paleontology–Analysis
8Population Dynamics–Analysis
9South Africa–Analysis
collection
0MEDLINE (ProQuest)
1ProQuest Biological Science Collection
2ProQuest Natural Science Collection
3ProQuest SciTech Collection
4Biological Science Database
5Natural Science Collection
6SciTech Premium Collection
7Health Research Premium Collection
8Health Research Premium Collection (Alumni edition)
9Biological Science Index (ProQuest)
prefilterarticles
rsrctypearticles
creatorcontrib
0Wilkins, Jayne
1Brown, Kyle S
2Oestmo, Simen
3Pereira, Telmo
4Ranhorn, Kathryn L
5Schoville, Benjamin J
6Marean, Curtis W
jtitlePloS one
toplevelpeer_reviewed
delivery
delcategoryRemote Search Resource
fulltextfulltext
addata
aulast
0Wilkins
1Brown
2Oestmo
3Pereira
4Ranhorn
5Schoville
6Marean
aufirst
0Jayne
1Kyle S
2Simen
3Telmo
4Kathryn L
5Benjamin J
6Curtis W
au
0Wilkins, Jayne
1Brown, Kyle S
2Oestmo, Simen
3Pereira, Telmo
4Ranhorn, Kathryn L
5Schoville, Benjamin J
6Marean, Curtis W
addauWilkins, Jayne
atitleLithic technological responses to Late Pleistocene glacial cycling at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa.
jtitlePloS one
risdate20170101
volume12
issue3
spagee0174051
epagee0174051
pagese0174051
eissn1932-6203
formatjournal
genrearticle
ristypeJOUR
doi10.1371/journal.pone.0174051
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1882500560/
date2017-01-01