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Anti-Inflammatory Effects of the Mediterranean Diet in the Early and Late Stages of Atheroma Plaque Development

Objective. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Design and Setting. 66 participants from primary care centers affi... Full description

Journal Title: Mediators of Inflammation 2017, Vol.2017
Main Author: Casas, Rosa
Other Authors: Urpi-Sardà, Mireia , Sacanella, Emilio , Arranz, Sara , Corella, Dolores , Castañer, Olga , Salas-Salvadó, Jordi , Lapetra, José , Portillo, Maria , Estruch, Ramón , Casas, Rosa , Urpi-Sardà, Mireia , Sacanella, Emilio , Arranz, Sara , Corella, Dolores , Castañer, Olga , Salas-Salvadó, Jordi , Lapetra, José , Portillo, Maria , Estruch, Ramón
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 09629351 ; E-ISSN: 14661861 ; DOI: 10.1155/2017/3674390
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title: Anti-Inflammatory Effects of the Mediterranean Diet in the Early and Late Stages of Atheroma Plaque Development
format: Article
creator:
  • Casas, Rosa
  • Urpi-Sardà, Mireia
  • Sacanella, Emilio
  • Arranz, Sara
  • Corella, Dolores
  • Castañer, Olga
  • Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
  • Lapetra, José
  • Portillo, Maria
  • Estruch, Ramón
  • Casas, Rosa
  • Urpi-Sardà, Mireia
  • Sacanella, Emilio
  • Arranz, Sara
  • Corella, Dolores
  • Castañer, Olga
  • Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
  • Lapetra, José
  • Portillo, Maria
  • Estruch, Ramón
subjects:
  • Cell Adhesion & Migration
  • Hospitals
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Proteins
  • Studies
  • Diet
  • Intervention
  • Fatty Acids
  • Biomarkers
  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Nutrition Research
  • Olive Oil
  • Inflammation
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-Tnf
  • University of Barcelona
ispartof: Mediators of Inflammation, 2017, Vol.2017
description: Objective. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Design and Setting. 66 participants from primary care centers affiliated with the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona were randomized into 3 groups: MeDiet plus extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts and a low-fat diet (LFD). At baseline and at 3 and 5 years, we evaluated the changes in the plasma concentrations of 24 inflammatory biomarkers related to the different stages of the atherosclerotic process by Luminex®. Results. At 3 and 5 years, both MeDiet groups showed a significant reduction of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1β (P
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 09629351 ; E-ISSN: 14661861 ; DOI: 10.1155/2017/3674390
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 09629351
  • 0962-9351
  • 14661861
  • 1466-1861
url: Link


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titleAnti-Inflammatory Effects of the Mediterranean Diet in the Early and Late Stages of Atheroma Plaque Development
creatorCasas, Rosa ; Urpi-Sardà, Mireia ; Sacanella, Emilio ; Arranz, Sara ; Corella, Dolores ; Castañer, Olga ; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi ; Lapetra, José ; Portillo, Maria ; Estruch, Ramón ; Casas, Rosa ; Urpi-Sardà, Mireia ; Sacanella, Emilio ; Arranz, Sara ; Corella, Dolores ; Castañer, Olga ; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi ; Lapetra, José ; Portillo, Maria ; Estruch, Ramón
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subjectCell Adhesion & Migration ; Hospitals ; Cardiovascular Disease ; Proteins ; Studies ; Diet ; Intervention ; Fatty Acids ; Biomarkers ; Chemokines ; Cytokines ; Nutrition Research ; Olive Oil ; Inflammation ; Tumor Necrosis Factor-Tnf ; University of Barcelona
descriptionObjective. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Design and Setting. 66 participants from primary care centers affiliated with the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona were randomized into 3 groups: MeDiet plus extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts and a low-fat diet (LFD). At baseline and at 3 and 5 years, we evaluated the changes in the plasma concentrations of 24 inflammatory biomarkers related to the different stages of the atherosclerotic process by Luminex®. Results. At 3 and 5 years, both MeDiet groups showed a significant reduction of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1β (P<0.05; all) compared to LFD. IL-1β, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12p70, IL-18, TNF-α, IFN-γ, GCSF, GMCSF, and ENA78 (P<0.05; all) only decreased in the MeDiet+EVOO group and E-selectin and sVCAM-1 (P<0.05; both) in the MeDiet+nuts group. Conclusions. Long-term adherence to MeDiet decreases the plasma concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers related to different steps of atheroma plaque development in elderly persons at high cardiovascular risk.
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titleAnti-Inflammatory Effects of the Mediterranean Diet in the Early and Late Stages of Atheroma Plaque Development
descriptionObjective. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Design and Setting. 66 participants from primary care centers affiliated with the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona were randomized into 3 groups: MeDiet plus extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts and a low-fat diet (LFD). At baseline and at 3 and 5 years, we evaluated the changes in the plasma concentrations of 24 inflammatory biomarkers related to the different stages of the atherosclerotic process by Luminex®. Results. At 3 and 5 years, both MeDiet groups showed a significant reduction of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1β (P<0.05; all) compared to LFD. IL-1β, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12p70, IL-18, TNF-α, IFN-γ, GCSF, GMCSF, and ENA78 (P<0.05; all) only decreased in the MeDiet+EVOO group and E-selectin and sVCAM-1 (P<0.05; both) in the MeDiet+nuts group. Conclusions. Long-term adherence to MeDiet decreases the plasma concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers related to different steps of atheroma plaque development in elderly persons at high cardiovascular risk.
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9Chemokines
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abstractObjective. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease. Design and Setting. 66 participants from primary care centers affiliated with the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona were randomized into 3 groups: MeDiet plus extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts and a low-fat diet (LFD). At baseline and at 3 and 5 years, we evaluated the changes in the plasma concentrations of 24 inflammatory biomarkers related to the different stages of the atherosclerotic process by Luminex®. Results. At 3 and 5 years, both MeDiet groups showed a significant reduction of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1β (P<0.05; all) compared to LFD. IL-1β, IL-5, IL-7, IL-12p70, IL-18, TNF-α, IFN-γ, GCSF, GMCSF, and ENA78 (P<0.05; all) only decreased in the MeDiet+EVOO group and E-selectin and sVCAM-1 (P<0.05; both) in the MeDiet+nuts group. Conclusions. Long-term adherence to MeDiet decreases the plasma concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers related to different steps of atheroma plaque development in elderly persons at high cardiovascular risk.
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