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Human paleodiet and animal utilization strategies during the Bronze Age in northwest Yunnan Province, southwest China.

Reconstructing ancient diets and the use of animals and plants augment our understanding of how humans adapted to different environments. Yunnan Province in southwest China is ecologically and environmentally diverse. During the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, this region was occupied by a variety... Full description

Journal Title: PloS one 2017, Vol.12(5), p.e0177867
Main Author: Ren, Lele
Other Authors: Li, Xin , Kang, Lihong , Brunson, Katherine , Liu, Honggao , Dong, Weimiao , Li, Haiming , Min, Rui , Liu, Xu , Dong, Guanghui
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177867
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1901752939/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Human paleodiet and animal utilization strategies during the Bronze Age in northwest Yunnan Province, southwest China.
format: Article
creator:
  • Ren, Lele
  • Li, Xin
  • Kang, Lihong
  • Brunson, Katherine
  • Liu, Honggao
  • Dong, Weimiao
  • Li, Haiming
  • Min, Rui
  • Liu, Xu
  • Dong, Guanghui
subjects:
  • Animals–Chemistry
  • Bone and Bones–Analysis
  • Carbon Isotopes–History
  • China–History
  • Diet, Paleolithic–History
  • Feeding Behavior–History
  • Fossils–History
  • History, Ancient–History
  • Humans–History
  • Carbon Isotopes
ispartof: PloS one, 2017, Vol.12(5), p.e0177867
description: Reconstructing ancient diets and the use of animals and plants augment our understanding of how humans adapted to different environments. Yunnan Province in southwest China is ecologically and environmentally diverse. During the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, this region was occupied by a variety of local culture groups with diverse subsistence systems and material culture. In this paper, we obtained carbon ([delta].sup.13 C) and nitrogen ([delta].sup.15 N) isotopic ratios from human and faunal remains in order to reconstruct human paleodiets and strategies for animal exploitation at the Bronze Age site of Shilinggang (ca. 2500 Cal BP) in northwest Yunnan Province. The [delta].sup.13 C results for human samples from Shilinggang demonstrate that people's diets were mainly dominated by C.sub.3 -based foodstuffs, probably due to both direct consumption of C.sub.3 food and as a result of C.sub.3 foddering of consumed animals. Auxiliary C.sub.4 food signals can also be detected. High [delta].sup.15 N values indicate that meat was an important component of the diet. Analysis of faunal samples indicates that people primarily fed pigs and dogs with human food waste, while sheep/goats and cattle were foddered with other food sources. We compare stable isotope and archaeobotanical data from Shilinggang with data from other Bronze Age sites in Yunnan to explore potential regional variation in subsistence strategies. Our work suggests that people adopted different animal utilization and subsistence strategies in different parts of Yunnan during the Bronze Age period, probably as local adaptations to the highly diversified and isolated environments in the region.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177867
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleHuman paleodiet and animal utilization strategies during the Bronze Age in northwest Yunnan Province, southwest China.
creatorRen, Lele ; Li, Xin ; Kang, Lihong ; Brunson, Katherine ; Liu, Honggao ; Dong, Weimiao ; Li, Haiming ; Min, Rui ; Liu, Xu ; Dong, Guanghui
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identifierE-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177867
subjectAnimals–Chemistry ; Bone and Bones–Analysis ; Carbon Isotopes–History ; China–History ; Diet, Paleolithic–History ; Feeding Behavior–History ; Fossils–History ; History, Ancient–History ; Humans–History ; Carbon Isotopes
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descriptionReconstructing ancient diets and the use of animals and plants augment our understanding of how humans adapted to different environments. Yunnan Province in southwest China is ecologically and environmentally diverse. During the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, this region was occupied by a variety of local culture groups with diverse subsistence systems and material culture. In this paper, we obtained carbon ([delta].sup.13 C) and nitrogen ([delta].sup.15 N) isotopic ratios from human and faunal remains in order to reconstruct human paleodiets and strategies for animal exploitation at the Bronze Age site of Shilinggang (ca. 2500 Cal BP) in northwest Yunnan Province. The [delta].sup.13 C results for human samples from Shilinggang demonstrate that people's diets were mainly dominated by C.sub.3 -based foodstuffs, probably due to both direct consumption of C.sub.3 food and as a result of C.sub.3 foddering of consumed animals. Auxiliary C.sub.4 food signals can also be detected. High [delta].sup.15 N values indicate that meat was an important component of the diet. Analysis of faunal samples indicates that people primarily fed pigs and dogs with human food waste, while sheep/goats and cattle were foddered with other food sources. We compare stable isotope and archaeobotanical data from Shilinggang with data from other Bronze Age sites in Yunnan to explore potential regional variation in subsistence strategies. Our work suggests that people adopted different animal utilization and subsistence strategies in different parts of Yunnan during the Bronze Age period, probably as local adaptations to the highly diversified and isolated environments in the region.
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