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Layer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit

Since the discovery of graphene1, the family of two-dimensional materials has grown, displaying a broad range of electronic properties. Recent additions include semiconductors with spin-valley coupling2, Ising superconductors3-5 that can be tuned into a quantum metal6, possible Mott insulators with... Full description

Journal Title: Nature Jun 8, 2017, Vol.546(7657), pp.270-273K
Main Author: Huang, Bevin
Other Authors: Clark, Genevieve , Navarro-Moratalla, Efrén , Klein, Dahlia , Cheng, Ran , Seyler, Kyle , Zhong, Ding , Schmidgall, Emma , Mcguire, Michael , Cobden, David , Yao, Wang , Xiao, Di , Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo , Xu, Xiaodong
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00280836 ; E-ISSN: 14764687 ; DOI: 10.1038/nature22391
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title: Layer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit
format: Article
creator:
  • Huang, Bevin
  • Clark, Genevieve
  • Navarro-Moratalla, Efrén
  • Klein, Dahlia
  • Cheng, Ran
  • Seyler, Kyle
  • Zhong, Ding
  • Schmidgall, Emma
  • Mcguire, Michael
  • Cobden, David
  • Yao, Wang
  • Xiao, Di
  • Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo
  • Xu, Xiaodong
subjects:
  • Orientation
  • Curie Temperature
  • Mathematical Analysis
  • Charge Density
  • Magnetic Properties
  • Magnetization
  • Anisotropy
  • Crystals
  • Insulators
  • Magnetism
  • Temperature
  • Topology
  • Ising Model
  • Magnetism
  • Ferromagnetism
  • Two Dimensional Models
  • Metalloids
  • Electronics Industry
  • Physical Properties
  • Coupling
ispartof: Nature, Jun 8, 2017, Vol.546(7657), pp.270-273K
description: Since the discovery of graphene1, the family of two-dimensional materials has grown, displaying a broad range of electronic properties. Recent additions include semiconductors with spin-valley coupling2, Ising superconductors3-5 that can be tuned into a quantum metal6, possible Mott insulators with tunable charge-density waves7, and topological semimetals with edge transport8,9. However, no two-dimensional crystal with intrinsic magnetism has yet been discovered10-14; such a crystal would be useful in many technologies from sensing to data storage15. Theoretically, magnetic order is prohibited in the two-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg model at finite temperatures by the Mermin-Wagner theorem16. Magnetic anisotropy removes this restriction, however, and enables, for instance, the occurrence of two-dimensional Ising ferromagnetism. Here we use magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy to demonstrate that monolayer chromium triiodide (CrI3) is an Ising ferromagnet with out-of-plane spin orientation....
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00280836 ; E-ISSN: 14764687 ; DOI: 10.1038/nature22391
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00280836
  • 0028-0836
  • 14764687
  • 1476-4687
url: Link


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titleLayer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit
creatorHuang, Bevin ; Clark, Genevieve ; Navarro-Moratalla, Efrén ; Klein, Dahlia ; Cheng, Ran ; Seyler, Kyle ; Zhong, Ding ; Schmidgall, Emma ; Mcguire, Michael ; Cobden, David ; Yao, Wang ; Xiao, Di ; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo ; Xu, Xiaodong
ispartofNature, Jun 8, 2017, Vol.546(7657), pp.270-273K
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subjectOrientation ; Curie Temperature ; Mathematical Analysis ; Charge Density ; Magnetic Properties ; Magnetization ; Anisotropy ; Crystals ; Insulators ; Magnetism ; Temperature ; Topology ; Ising Model ; Magnetism ; Ferromagnetism ; Two Dimensional Models ; Metalloids ; Electronics Industry ; Physical Properties ; Coupling
descriptionSince the discovery of graphene1, the family of two-dimensional materials has grown, displaying a broad range of electronic properties. Recent additions include semiconductors with spin-valley coupling2, Ising superconductors3-5 that can be tuned into a quantum metal6, possible Mott insulators with tunable charge-density waves7, and topological semimetals with edge transport8,9. However, no two-dimensional crystal with intrinsic magnetism has yet been discovered10-14; such a crystal would be useful in many technologies from sensing to data storage15. Theoretically, magnetic order is prohibited in the two-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg model at finite temperatures by the Mermin-Wagner theorem16. Magnetic anisotropy removes this restriction, however, and enables, for instance, the occurrence of two-dimensional Ising ferromagnetism. Here we use magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy to demonstrate that monolayer chromium triiodide (CrI3) is an Ising ferromagnet with out-of-plane spin orientation....
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titleLayer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit
descriptionSince the discovery of graphene1, the family of two-dimensional materials has grown, displaying a broad range of electronic properties. Recent additions include semiconductors with spin-valley coupling2, Ising superconductors3-5 that can be tuned into a quantum metal6, possible Mott insulators with tunable charge-density waves7, and topological semimetals with edge transport8,9. However, no two-dimensional crystal with intrinsic magnetism has yet been discovered10-14; such a crystal would be useful in many technologies from sensing to data storage15. Theoretically, magnetic order is prohibited in the two-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg model at finite temperatures by the Mermin-Wagner theorem16. Magnetic anisotropy removes this restriction, however, and enables, for instance, the occurrence of two-dimensional Ising ferromagnetism. Here we use magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy to demonstrate that monolayer chromium triiodide (CrI3) is an Ising ferromagnet with out-of-plane spin orientation....
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titleLayer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit
authorHuang, Bevin ; Clark, Genevieve ; Navarro-Moratalla, Efrén ; Klein, Dahlia ; Cheng, Ran ; Seyler, Kyle ; Zhong, Ding ; Schmidgall, Emma ; Mcguire, Michael ; Cobden, David ; Yao, Wang ; Xiao, Di ; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo ; Xu, Xiaodong
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2Mathematical Analysis
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5Magnetization
6Anisotropy
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8Insulators
9Magnetism
10Temperature
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abstractSince the discovery of graphene1, the family of two-dimensional materials has grown, displaying a broad range of electronic properties. Recent additions include semiconductors with spin-valley coupling2, Ising superconductors3-5 that can be tuned into a quantum metal6, possible Mott insulators with tunable charge-density waves7, and topological semimetals with edge transport8,9. However, no two-dimensional crystal with intrinsic magnetism has yet been discovered10-14; such a crystal would be useful in many technologies from sensing to data storage15. Theoretically, magnetic order is prohibited in the two-dimensional isotropic Heisenberg model at finite temperatures by the Mermin-Wagner theorem16. Magnetic anisotropy removes this restriction, however, and enables, for instance, the occurrence of two-dimensional Ising ferromagnetism. Here we use magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy to demonstrate that monolayer chromium triiodide (CrI3) is an Ising ferromagnet with out-of-plane spin orientation....
copLondon
pubNature Publishing Group
doi10.1038/nature22391
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1909737397/
date2017-06-08