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Awareness of knowledge and practice regarding physical activity: A population-based prospective, observational study among students in Nanjing, China

Background Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children’s health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific associatio... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS One Jun 2017, Vol.12(6), p.e0179518
Main Author: Xu, Fei
Other Authors: Wang, Xiaorong , Xiang, Dandan , Wang, Zhiyong , Ye, Qing , Ware, Robert
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179518
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title: Awareness of knowledge and practice regarding physical activity: A population-based prospective, observational study among students in Nanjing, China
format: Article
creator:
  • Xu, Fei
  • Wang, Xiaorong
  • Xiang, Dandan
  • Wang, Zhiyong
  • Ye, Qing
  • Ware, Robert
subjects:
  • Queensland Australia
  • United States–Us
  • China
  • Behavior
  • Students
  • Physical Activity
  • Physical Activity
  • Epidemiology
  • Regression Analysis
  • Obesity
  • Nutrition
  • Questionnaires
  • Chronic Illnesses
  • Training
  • Children
  • Disease Prevention
  • Prevention
  • Adolescents
  • Influence
  • Students
  • Children
  • Promotion
  • Children
  • Health Care
  • Knowledge
  • Obesity
  • Obesity
  • Variables
  • Public Health
  • Intervention
  • Physical Training
  • Preventive Medicine
  • Middle Schools
  • Obesity
  • Population Studies
  • Behavior Modification
  • Lifestyles
  • Disease Control
  • Centers for Disease Control & Prevention–CDC
  • Schools
  • Obesity
  • Childhood Obesity
  • Health Education and Awareness
  • Behavior
  • Physical Activity
  • Body Weight
  • China
ispartof: PLoS One, Jun 2017, Vol.12(6), p.e0179518
description: Background Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children’s health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child’s knowledge awareness and their PA practice. Methods A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China. At baseline students’ knowledge of healthy behavior, and their PA levels, were assessed. Students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity were followed for one academic year. After nine-months their knowledge and PA levels were re-measured using the same validated questionnaire. Mixed effects regression models were used to estimate the relationship between awareness of knowledge about the link between PA and obesity and PA changes. Results Of the 1899 students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity at baseline, 1859 (follow-up rate = 97.9%) were successfully followed-up. After nine months 1318 (70.9%) participants had become aware of PA-obesity association. Compared to their counterparts who remained unaware, students who became aware of the PA-obesity association were more likely to increase both the frequency (odds ratio (OR) = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.64) and duration (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.65) of PA, after adjusting for potentially confounding variables. Conclusion Becoming aware of the known link between PA and obesity led to positive behavior modification regarding PA in this cohort of Chinese students. This is of particular importance that knowledge disimination and health education may be a useful approach for population-based physical activity promotion aiming at childhood obesity prevention in China.
language: eng
source:
identifier: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179518
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
url: Link


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titleAwareness of knowledge and practice regarding physical activity: A population-based prospective, observational study among students in Nanjing, China
creatorXu, Fei ; Wang, Xiaorong ; Xiang, Dandan ; Wang, Zhiyong ; Ye, Qing ; Ware, Robert
ispartofPLoS One, Jun 2017, Vol.12(6), p.e0179518
identifierDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179518
subjectQueensland Australia ; United States–Us ; China ; Behavior ; Students ; Physical Activity ; Physical Activity ; Epidemiology ; Regression Analysis ; Obesity ; Nutrition ; Questionnaires ; Chronic Illnesses ; Training ; Children ; Disease Prevention ; Prevention ; Adolescents ; Influence ; Students ; Children ; Promotion ; Children ; Health Care ; Knowledge ; Obesity ; Obesity ; Variables ; Public Health ; Intervention ; Physical Training ; Preventive Medicine ; Middle Schools ; Obesity ; Population Studies ; Behavior Modification ; Lifestyles ; Disease Control ; Centers for Disease Control & Prevention–CDC ; Schools ; Obesity ; Childhood Obesity ; Health Education and Awareness ; Behavior ; Physical Activity ; Body Weight ; China
descriptionBackground Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children’s health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child’s knowledge awareness and their PA practice. Methods A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China. At baseline students’ knowledge of healthy behavior, and their PA levels, were assessed. Students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity were followed for one academic year. After nine-months their knowledge and PA levels were re-measured using the same validated questionnaire. Mixed effects regression models were used to estimate the relationship between awareness of knowledge about the link between PA and obesity and PA changes. Results Of the 1899 students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity at baseline, 1859 (follow-up rate = 97.9%) were successfully followed-up. After nine months 1318 (70.9%) participants had become aware of PA-obesity association. Compared to their counterparts who remained unaware, students who became aware of the PA-obesity association were more likely to increase both the frequency (odds ratio (OR) = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.64) and duration (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.65) of PA, after adjusting for potentially confounding variables. Conclusion Becoming aware of the known link between PA and obesity led to positive behavior modification regarding PA in this cohort of Chinese students. This is of particular importance that knowledge disimination and health education may be a useful approach for population-based physical activity promotion aiming at childhood obesity prevention in China.
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descriptionBackground Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children’s health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child’s knowledge awareness and their PA practice. Methods A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China. At baseline students’ knowledge of healthy behavior, and their PA levels, were assessed. Students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity were followed for one academic year. After nine-months their knowledge and PA levels were re-measured using the same validated questionnaire. Mixed effects regression models were used to estimate the relationship between awareness of knowledge about the link between PA and obesity and PA changes. Results Of the 1899 students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity at baseline, 1859 (follow-up rate = 97.9%) were successfully followed-up. After nine months 1318 (70.9%) participants had become aware of PA-obesity association. Compared to their counterparts who remained unaware, students who became aware of the PA-obesity association were more likely to increase both the frequency (odds ratio (OR) = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.64) and duration (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.65) of PA, after adjusting for potentially confounding variables. Conclusion Becoming aware of the known link between PA and obesity led to positive behavior modification regarding PA in this cohort of Chinese students. This is of particular importance that knowledge disimination and health education may be a useful approach for population-based physical activity promotion aiming at childhood obesity prevention in China.
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titleAwareness of knowledge and practice regarding physical activity: A population-based prospective, observational study among students in Nanjing, China
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abstractBackground Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children’s health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child’s knowledge awareness and their PA practice. Methods A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China. At baseline students’ knowledge of healthy behavior, and their PA levels, were assessed. Students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity were followed for one academic year. After nine-months their knowledge and PA levels were re-measured using the same validated questionnaire. Mixed effects regression models were used to estimate the relationship between awareness of knowledge about the link between PA and obesity and PA changes. Results Of the 1899 students who were unaware of the association between PA and obesity at baseline, 1859 (follow-up rate = 97.9%) were successfully followed-up. After nine months 1318 (70.9%) participants had become aware of PA-obesity association. Compared to their counterparts who remained unaware, students who became aware of the PA-obesity association were more likely to increase both the frequency (odds ratio (OR) = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.64) and duration (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.09, 1.65) of PA, after adjusting for potentially confounding variables. Conclusion Becoming aware of the known link between PA and obesity led to positive behavior modification regarding PA in this cohort of Chinese students. This is of particular importance that knowledge disimination and health education may be a useful approach for population-based physical activity promotion aiming at childhood obesity prevention in China.
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