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Vaccination and nutritional status of children in Karawari, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.

Delivery of health care services to rural and remote populations in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is problematic. This is mainly due to difficulties with transportation and communication. Hence, the children in this region of PNG are likely to be at risk of malnutrition compounded by inadequate vaccination... Full description

Journal Title: PloS one 2017, Vol.12(11), p.e0187796
Main Author: Samiak, Louis
Other Authors: Emeto, Theophilus I
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187796
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1963277041/?pq-origsite=primo
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recordid: proquest1963277041
title: Vaccination and nutritional status of children in Karawari, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.
format: Article
creator:
  • Samiak, Louis
  • Emeto, Theophilus I
subjects:
  • Child, Preschool–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Female–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Humans–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Infant–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Infant, Newborn–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Male–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Nutritional Status–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Papua New Guinea–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Rural Population–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Vaccination–Statistics & Numerical Data
ispartof: PloS one, 2017, Vol.12(11), p.e0187796
description: Delivery of health care services to rural and remote populations in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is problematic. This is mainly due to difficulties with transportation and communication. Hence, the children in this region of PNG are likely to be at risk of malnutrition compounded by inadequate vaccination that may predispose them to preventable diseases. This study was conducted to determine the vaccination and nutritional status of children less than 5 years old in the remote and rural Karawari area of PNG. 105 children were included in the study, of whom 55% were male and 45% female. The mean age of children included in the study was 32.6 months. Their age, height, and weight by gender was not significantly different. Overall, 85% of children had incomplete vaccination. However, children above the median age of 32 months (34%) were more likely to be fully vaccinated for their age, χ2 (1) = 23.294, p < 0.005. In addition, 25% of children were below the -1 SD (Z-scores) for weight-for-height, 33% below the -1 SD for weight-for-age, and 25.5% below the -1 SD for height-for-age compared to WHO standards. A large proportion of children had poor nutrition status and lack protection from vaccine preventable diseases. This study recommends that the government should introduce a surveillance system for detecting issues of importance to the rural majority. We also recommend that the PNG government reopen the nearby health centre, and/ or establish new facilities within the region, with adequately trained and compensated staff.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187796
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleVaccination and nutritional status of children in Karawari, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.
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descriptionDelivery of health care services to rural and remote populations in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is problematic. This is mainly due to difficulties with transportation and communication. Hence, the children in this region of PNG are likely to be at risk of malnutrition compounded by inadequate vaccination that may predispose them to preventable diseases. This study was conducted to determine the vaccination and nutritional status of children less than 5 years old in the remote and rural Karawari area of PNG. 105 children were included in the study, of whom 55% were male and 45% female. The mean age of children included in the study was 32.6 months. Their age, height, and weight by gender was not significantly different. Overall, 85% of children had incomplete vaccination. However, children above the median age of 32 months (34%) were more likely to be fully vaccinated for their age, χ2 (1) = 23.294, p < 0.005. In addition, 25% of children were below the -1 SD (Z-scores) for weight-for-height, 33% below the -1 SD for weight-for-age, and 25.5% below the -1 SD for height-for-age compared to WHO standards. A large proportion of children had poor nutrition status and lack protection from vaccine preventable diseases. This study recommends that the government should introduce a surveillance system for detecting issues of importance to the rural majority. We also recommend that the PNG government reopen the nearby health centre, and/ or establish new facilities within the region, with adequately trained and compensated staff.
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