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Facial esthetics and the assignment of personality traits before and after orthognathic surgery rated on video clips.

Typically, before and after surgical correction faces are assessed on still images by surgeons, orthodontists, the patients, and family members. We hypothesized that judgment of faces in motion and by na#239;ve raters may closer reflect the impact on patients' real life, and the treatment impact on... Full description

Journal Title: PloS one 2018, Vol.13(2), p.e0191718
Main Author: Sinko, Klaus
Other Authors: Jagsch, Reinhold , Drog, Claudio , Mosgoeller, Wilhelm , Wutzl, Arno , Millesi, Gabriele , Klug, Clemens
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191718
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1993999230/?pq-origsite=primo
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recordid: proquest1993999230
title: Facial esthetics and the assignment of personality traits before and after orthognathic surgery rated on video clips.
format: Article
creator:
  • Sinko, Klaus
  • Jagsch, Reinhold
  • Drog, Claudio
  • Mosgoeller, Wilhelm
  • Wutzl, Arno
  • Millesi, Gabriele
  • Klug, Clemens
subjects:
  • Adolescent–Methods
  • Adult–Methods
  • Esthetics–Methods
  • Face–Methods
  • Female–Methods
  • Humans–Methods
  • Male–Methods
  • Orthognathic Surgical Procedures–Methods
  • Personality–Methods
  • Young Adult–Methods
ispartof: PloS one, 2018, Vol.13(2), p.e0191718
description: Typically, before and after surgical correction faces are assessed on still images by surgeons, orthodontists, the patients, and family members. We hypothesized that judgment of faces in motion and by na#239;ve raters may closer reflect the impact on patients' real life, and the treatment impact on e.g. career chances. Therefore we assessed faces from dysgnathic patients (Class II, III and Laterognathia) on video clips. Class I faces served as anchor and controls. Each patient's face was assessed twice before and after treatment in changing sequence, by 155 na#239;ve raters with similar age to the patients. The raters provided independent estimates on aesthetic trait pairs like ugly /beautiful, and personality trait pairs like dominant /flexible. Furthermore the perception of attractiveness, intelligence, health, the persons' erotic aura, faithfulness, and five additional items were rated. We estimated the significance of the perceived treatment related differences and the respective effect size by general linear models for repeated measures. The obtained results were comparable to our previous rating on still images. There was an overall trend, that faces in video clips are rated along common stereotypes to a lesser extent than photographs. We observed significant class differences and treatment related changes of most aesthetic traits (e.g. beauty, attractiveness), these were comparable to intelligence, erotic aura and to some extend healthy appearance. While some personality traits (e.g. faithfulness) did not differ between the classes and between baseline and after treatment, we found that the intervention significantly and effectively altered the perception of the personality trait self-confidence. The effect size was highest in Class III patients, smallest in Class II patients, and in between for patients with Laterognathia. All dysgnathic patients benefitted from orthognathic surgery. We conclude that motion can mitigate marked stereotypes but does not entirely offset the mostly negative perception of dysgnathic faces.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191718
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleFacial esthetics and the assignment of personality traits before and after orthognathic surgery rated on video clips.
creatorSinko, Klaus ; Jagsch, Reinhold ; Drog, Claudio ; Mosgoeller, Wilhelm ; Wutzl, Arno ; Millesi, Gabriele ; Klug, Clemens
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identifierE-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191718
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descriptionTypically, before and after surgical correction faces are assessed on still images by surgeons, orthodontists, the patients, and family members. We hypothesized that judgment of faces in motion and by na#239;ve raters may closer reflect the impact on patients' real life, and the treatment impact on e.g. career chances. Therefore we assessed faces from dysgnathic patients (Class II, III and Laterognathia) on video clips. Class I faces served as anchor and controls. Each patient's face was assessed twice before and after treatment in changing sequence, by 155 na#239;ve raters with similar age to the patients. The raters provided independent estimates on aesthetic trait pairs like ugly /beautiful, and personality trait pairs like dominant /flexible. Furthermore the perception of attractiveness, intelligence, health, the persons' erotic aura, faithfulness, and five additional items were rated. We estimated the significance of the perceived treatment related differences and the respective effect size by general linear models for repeated measures. The obtained results were comparable to our previous rating on still images. There was an overall trend, that faces in video clips are rated along common stereotypes to a lesser extent than photographs. We observed significant class differences and treatment related changes of most aesthetic traits (e.g. beauty, attractiveness), these were comparable to intelligence, erotic aura and to some extend healthy appearance. While some personality traits (e.g. faithfulness) did not differ between the classes and between baseline and after treatment, we found that the intervention significantly and effectively altered the perception of the personality trait self-confidence. The effect size was highest in Class III patients, smallest in Class II patients, and in between for patients with Laterognathia. All dysgnathic patients benefitted from orthognathic surgery. We conclude that motion can mitigate marked stereotypes but does not entirely offset the mostly negative perception of dysgnathic faces.
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