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Effects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens

Background Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune response and induce disease resistance. Moreover, different Se sources may provide dif... Full description

Journal Title: BMC Veterinary Research 2018, Vol.14
Main Author: Dalia, A
Other Authors: Loh, T , Sazili, A , Jahromi, M , Samsudin, A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 17466148 ; DOI: 10.1186/s12917-018-1578-x
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recordid: proquest2109035383
title: Effects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens
format: Article
creator:
  • Dalia, A
  • Loh, T
  • Sazili, A
  • Jahromi, M
  • Samsudin, A
subjects:
  • Salmonella
  • Salmonella
  • Cytokines
  • Diet
  • Biological Activity
  • Salmonella
  • Bacteria
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Interleukin 2
  • Antioxidants
  • Immune Response
  • Selenium
  • Poultry
  • Antioxidants
  • Microorganisms
  • Gene Expression
  • Immunity
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Tocopherol
  • Gene Expression
  • Immune Response
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Antioxidants
  • Disease Resistance
  • Selenite
  • Cytokines
  • Chickens
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Selenium
  • Gene Expression
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Chickens
  • Γ-Interferon
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Disease Resistance
  • Diet
  • Vitamin E
  • Disease
  • Free Radicals
  • Fatty Acids
  • Sodium
  • Selenium
  • Antioxidants
  • Supplementation
  • Interleukin 10
  • Vitamin E
  • Sodium Selenite
  • Bioavailability
  • Sodium
  • Immune System
  • Selenium
  • Sodium
  • Immune System
  • Synergistic Effect
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-Α
  • Spleen
  • Poultry
  • Poultry
  • Immune System
  • Bacteria
  • Broiler
  • Selenium
  • Vitamin E
  • Immunity
  • Cytokines
ispartof: BMC Veterinary Research, 2018, Vol.14
description: Background Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune response and induce disease resistance. Moreover, different Se sources may provide different alterations in the immune system. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to assess the impact of dietary supplementation of Vit E, inorganic Se (sodium selenite, SS), bacterial organic Se of ADS18, and their different combinations on the plasma immunoglobulins, ceacum microbial population, and splenic cytokines gene expression in broiler chickens. Results Present results showed that, Se and Vit E synergistic effect was clear in plasma IgM level at day 42 and in splenic cytokines expression (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-10). The combination of 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se with 100 mg/kg Vit E showed the highest IgM level compared to Vit E- SS complex. The combination of either SS or ADS18-Se with Vit E had no significant effect on IFN- γ and IL-10 compared to Vit E alone, while Vit E alone showed the significantly lowest TNF-α compared to the Se combinations. Supplementation of 100 mg/kg Vit E had no effect on microbial population except a slight reduction in Salmonella spp. The main effect of Se sources was that both sources increased the day 42 IgA and IgG level compared to NS group. ADS18-Se modulate the caecum microbial population via enhancing beneficial bacteria and suppressing the E-coli and Salmonella spp. while both Se and Vit E factors had no effect on lymphoid organ weights. Conclusions The inclusion of 100 mg/kg Vit E with 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se, effectively could support the immune system through regulation of some cytokines expression and immunoglobulin levels more than using ADS18-Se alone, while no difference was observed between using SS alone or combined with Vit E.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 17466148 ; DOI: 10.1186/s12917-018-1578-x
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 17466148
  • 1746-6148
url: Link


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titleEffects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens
creatorDalia, A ; Loh, T ; Sazili, A ; Jahromi, M ; Samsudin, A
ispartofBMC Veterinary Research, 2018, Vol.14
identifierE-ISSN: 17466148 ; DOI: 10.1186/s12917-018-1578-x
subjectSalmonella ; Salmonella ; Cytokines ; Diet ; Biological Activity ; Salmonella ; Bacteria ; Immunoglobulins ; Oxidative Stress ; Interleukin 2 ; Antioxidants ; Immune Response ; Selenium ; Poultry ; Antioxidants ; Microorganisms ; Gene Expression ; Immunity ; Immunoglobulins ; Tocopherol ; Gene Expression ; Immune Response ; Immunoglobulin M ; Antioxidants ; Disease Resistance ; Selenite ; Cytokines ; Chickens ; Immunoglobulin G ; Selenium ; Gene Expression ; Immunoglobulins ; Chickens ; Γ-Interferon ; Immunoglobulin A ; Dietary Supplements ; Disease Resistance ; Diet ; Vitamin E ; Disease ; Free Radicals ; Fatty Acids ; Sodium ; Selenium ; Antioxidants ; Supplementation ; Interleukin 10 ; Vitamin E ; Sodium Selenite ; Bioavailability ; Sodium ; Immune System ; Selenium ; Sodium ; Immune System ; Synergistic Effect ; Tumor Necrosis Factor-Α ; Spleen ; Poultry ; Poultry ; Immune System ; Bacteria ; Broiler ; Selenium ; Vitamin E ; Immunity ; Cytokines
descriptionBackground Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune response and induce disease resistance. Moreover, different Se sources may provide different alterations in the immune system. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to assess the impact of dietary supplementation of Vit E, inorganic Se (sodium selenite, SS), bacterial organic Se of ADS18, and their different combinations on the plasma immunoglobulins, ceacum microbial population, and splenic cytokines gene expression in broiler chickens. Results Present results showed that, Se and Vit E synergistic effect was clear in plasma IgM level at day 42 and in splenic cytokines expression (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-10). The combination of 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se with 100 mg/kg Vit E showed the highest IgM level compared to Vit E- SS complex. The combination of either SS or ADS18-Se with Vit E had no significant effect on IFN- γ and IL-10 compared to Vit E alone, while Vit E alone showed the significantly lowest TNF-α compared to the Se combinations. Supplementation of 100 mg/kg Vit E had no effect on microbial population except a slight reduction in Salmonella spp. The main effect of Se sources was that both sources increased the day 42 IgA and IgG level compared to NS group. ADS18-Se modulate the caecum microbial population via enhancing beneficial bacteria and suppressing the E-coli and Salmonella spp. while both Se and Vit E factors had no effect on lymphoid organ weights. Conclusions The inclusion of 100 mg/kg Vit E with 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se, effectively could support the immune system through regulation of some cytokines expression and immunoglobulin levels more than using ADS18-Se alone, while no difference was observed between using SS alone or combined with Vit E.
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titleEffects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens
descriptionBackground Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune response and induce disease resistance. Moreover, different Se sources may provide different alterations in the immune system. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to assess the impact of dietary supplementation of Vit E, inorganic Se (sodium selenite, SS), bacterial organic Se of ADS18, and their different combinations on the plasma immunoglobulins, ceacum microbial population, and splenic cytokines gene expression in broiler chickens. Results Present results showed that, Se and Vit E synergistic effect was clear in plasma IgM level at day 42 and in splenic cytokines expression (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-10). The combination of 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se with 100 mg/kg Vit E showed the highest IgM level compared to Vit E- SS complex. The combination of either SS or ADS18-Se with Vit E had no significant effect on IFN- γ and IL-10 compared to Vit E alone, while Vit E alone showed the significantly lowest TNF-α compared to the Se combinations. Supplementation of 100 mg/kg Vit E had no effect on microbial population except a slight reduction in Salmonella spp. The main effect of Se sources was that both sources increased the day 42 IgA and IgG level compared to NS group. ADS18-Se modulate the caecum microbial population via enhancing beneficial bacteria and suppressing the E-coli and Salmonella spp. while both Se and Vit E factors had no effect on lymphoid organ weights. Conclusions The inclusion of 100 mg/kg Vit E with 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se, effectively could support the immune system through regulation of some cytokines expression and immunoglobulin levels more than using ADS18-Se alone, while no difference was observed between using SS alone or combined with Vit E.
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5Immunoglobulins
6Oxidative Stress
7Interleukin 2
8Antioxidants
9Immune Response
10Selenium
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12Microorganisms
13Gene Expression
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titleEffects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens
authorDalia, A ; Loh, T ; Sazili, A ; Jahromi, M ; Samsudin, A
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5Immunoglobulins
6Oxidative Stress
7Interleukin 2
8Antioxidants
9Immune Response
10Selenium
11Poultry
12Microorganisms
13Gene Expression
14Immunity
15Tocopherol
16Immunoglobulin M
17Disease Resistance
18Selenite
19Chickens
20Immunoglobulin G
21Γ-Interferon
22Immunoglobulin A
23Dietary Supplements
24Vitamin E
25Disease
26Free Radicals
27Fatty Acids
28Sodium
29Supplementation
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32Bioavailability
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35Tumor Necrosis Factor-Α
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abstractBackground Selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) can act synergistically and affect biological processes, mainly antioxidant and immunity. The use of excess dietary Vit E and Se in animals’ feed could enhance immune response and induce disease resistance. Moreover, different Se sources may provide different alterations in the immune system. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to assess the impact of dietary supplementation of Vit E, inorganic Se (sodium selenite, SS), bacterial organic Se of ADS18, and their different combinations on the plasma immunoglobulins, ceacum microbial population, and splenic cytokines gene expression in broiler chickens. Results Present results showed that, Se and Vit E synergistic effect was clear in plasma IgM level at day 42 and in splenic cytokines expression (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-10). The combination of 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se with 100 mg/kg Vit E showed the highest IgM level compared to Vit E- SS complex. The combination of either SS or ADS18-Se with Vit E had no significant effect on IFN- γ and IL-10 compared to Vit E alone, while Vit E alone showed the significantly lowest TNF-α compared to the Se combinations. Supplementation of 100 mg/kg Vit E had no effect on microbial population except a slight reduction in Salmonella spp. The main effect of Se sources was that both sources increased the day 42 IgA and IgG level compared to NS group. ADS18-Se modulate the caecum microbial population via enhancing beneficial bacteria and suppressing the E-coli and Salmonella spp. while both Se and Vit E factors had no effect on lymphoid organ weights. Conclusions The inclusion of 100 mg/kg Vit E with 0.3 mg/kg ADS18-Se, effectively could support the immune system through regulation of some cytokines expression and immunoglobulin levels more than using ADS18-Se alone, while no difference was observed between using SS alone or combined with Vit E.
copLondon
pubBioMed Central
doi10.1186/s12917-018-1578-x
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/2109035383/
issue1
pages1-10
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date2018-08-24