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Choline: an essential nutrient for public health

Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structu... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition Reviews Nov 2009, Vol.67(11), p.615
Main Author: Zeisel, Steven
Other Authors: Da Costa, Kerry-Ann
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00296643 ; E-ISSN: 17534887
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/212358503/?pq-origsite=primo
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recordid: proquest212358503
title: Choline: an essential nutrient for public health
format: Article
creator:
  • Zeisel, Steven
  • Da Costa, Kerry-Ann
subjects:
  • North America
  • Vitamin B
  • Nutrition
  • Diet
  • Childrens Health
  • Polymorphism
  • Metabolism
  • Public Health
ispartof: Nutrition Reviews, Nov 2009, Vol.67(11), p.615
description: Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is now thought to have an impact on diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis, and, possibly, neurological disorders. Choline is found in a wide variety of foods. Eggs and meats are rich sources of choline in the North American diet, providing up to 430 milligrams per 100 grams. Mean choline intakes for older children, men, women, and pregnant women are far below the adequate intake level established by the IOM. Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than- optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00296643 ; E-ISSN: 17534887
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00296643
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  • 17534887
  • 1753-4887
url: Link


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descriptionCholine was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is now thought to have an impact on diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis, and, possibly, neurological disorders. Choline is found in a wide variety of foods. Eggs and meats are rich sources of choline in the North American diet, providing up to 430 milligrams per 100 grams. Mean choline intakes for older children, men, women, and pregnant women are far below the adequate intake level established by the IOM. Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than- optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich...
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descriptionCholine was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is now thought to have an impact on diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis, and, possibly, neurological disorders. Choline is found in a wide variety of foods. Eggs and meats are rich sources of choline in the North American diet, providing up to 430 milligrams per 100 grams. Mean choline intakes for older children, men, women, and pregnant women are far below the adequate intake level established by the IOM. Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than- optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich...
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abstractCholine was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is now thought to have an impact on diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis, and, possibly, neurological disorders. Choline is found in a wide variety of foods. Eggs and meats are rich sources of choline in the North American diet, providing up to 430 milligrams per 100 grams. Mean choline intakes for older children, men, women, and pregnant women are far below the adequate intake level established by the IOM. Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than- optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich...
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date2009-11-01