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Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in US men

Low birth weight has been associated with several chronic diseases in adults, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Further study of these diseases in a large cohort with information on a wide variety of risk factors is essential to determine more precisely the risks associated wit... Full description

Journal Title: Circulation Dec 15, 1996, Vol.94(12), p.3246
Main Author: Curhan, Gary
Other Authors: Willett, Walter , Rimm, Eric , Spiegelman, Donna
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00097322 ; E-ISSN: 15244539
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/212723823/?pq-origsite=primo
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recordid: proquest212723823
title: Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in US men
format: Article
creator:
  • Curhan, Gary
  • Willett, Walter
  • Rimm, Eric
  • Spiegelman, Donna
subjects:
  • Birth Weight
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 -- Epidemiology
  • Hypertension -- Epidemiology
  • Obesity -- Epidemiology
ispartof: Circulation, Dec 15, 1996, Vol.94(12), p.3246
description: Low birth weight has been associated with several chronic diseases in adults, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Further study of these diseases in a large cohort with information on a wide variety of risk factors is essential to determine more precisely the risks associated with birth weight. We examined the relation between birth weight and cumulative incidence of adult hypertension, incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and prevalence of obesity in a cohort of 22,846 US men (Health Professionals Follow-up Study). Birth weights, medical histories, family histories, and other factors were collected by biennial mailed questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between birth weight and these chronic adult diseases. Low birth weight was associated with an increased risk of hypertension and diabetes; high birth weight was associated with an increased risk of obesity. Compared with men in the referent birth weight category (7.0 to 8.4 lb), men who weighed < 5.5 lb had an age-adjusted odds ratio for hypertension of 1.26 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11 to 1.44) and for diabetes mellitus of 1.75 (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.54). There was no material change after controlling for adult body mass index and parental histories of hypertension and diabetes... These findings support the hypothesis that early life exposures, for which birth weight is a marker, are associated with several chronic diseases in adulthood.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00097322 ; E-ISSN: 15244539
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00097322
  • 0009-7322
  • 15244539
  • 1524-4539
url: Link


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descriptionLow birth weight has been associated with several chronic diseases in adults, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Further study of these diseases in a large cohort with information on a wide variety of risk factors is essential to determine more precisely the risks associated with birth weight. We examined the relation between birth weight and cumulative incidence of adult hypertension, incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and prevalence of obesity in a cohort of 22,846 US men (Health Professionals Follow-up Study). Birth weights, medical histories, family histories, and other factors were collected by biennial mailed questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between birth weight and these chronic adult diseases. Low birth weight was associated with an increased risk of hypertension and diabetes; high birth weight was associated with an increased risk of obesity. Compared with men in the referent birth weight category (7.0 to 8.4 lb), men who weighed < 5.5 lb had an age-adjusted odds ratio for hypertension of 1.26 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11 to 1.44) and for diabetes mellitus of 1.75 (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.54). There was no material change after controlling for adult body mass index and parental histories of hypertension and diabetes... These findings support the hypothesis that early life exposures, for which birth weight is a marker, are associated with several chronic diseases in adulthood.
subjectBirth Weight ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 -- Epidemiology ; Hypertension -- Epidemiology ; Obesity -- Epidemiology;
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