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Çağdaş İslam Düşüncesi'nde Hilafet Anlayışları: Muhammed Hamîdullah ve Yüksek Hilafet Konseyi

After the death of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), one of the most significant debated topics of Muslims was the institution of caliphate. This institution caused crucial argumentations through the ages from Abu Bakr to Abd-al-Majid who was the hundreth khalifa. Some prominent issues in that regard as f... Full description

Journal Title: Cumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi Dec 2018, Vol.22(2), p.833
Main Author: Macit, Abdulkadir
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: tur
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 25289861 ; E-ISSN: 2528987X
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/2162377841/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Çağdaş İslam Düşüncesi'nde Hilafet Anlayışları: Muhammed Hamîdullah ve Yüksek Hilafet Konseyi
format: Article
creator:
  • Macit, Abdulkadir
subjects:
  • Turkey
  • Muhammad (Prophet)
  • Islam
  • Muslims
  • Prophecies
  • Modernization
ispartof: Cumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi, Dec 2018, Vol.22(2), p.833
description: After the death of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), one of the most significant debated topics of Muslims was the institution of caliphate. This institution caused crucial argumentations through the ages from Abu Bakr to Abd-al-Majid who was the hundreth khalifa. Some prominent issues in that regard as follows: How khalifa comes to power, who becomes khalifa, whether he is descended from Quraysh or not, which kind of traits khalifa should have, and how khalifa should behave in certain circumstances. While these arguments were going on, caliphate was maintained based on the reign under some certain dynasties' responsibilities after the Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs. Umayyads, Abbasids and Ottoman Dynasties were the most well-known ones of these dynasties. Throughout history, even though caliphate passed in one another's hands among aforementioned dynasties, none of them did attempt to abolish this position. However, Turkish Muslims who became defeated with European occupation of non-western territories decided to abolish caliphate for the sake of modernization activities within the period of transition from imperialism to nation state. This decision brought about a trauma, which was much more critical than former argumentation around the position in Muslim world. Many congresses were organized in Islamic world in order to recover from this trauma. While this kind of quests were continuing, Muhammad Hamīdullah proposed "High Caliphate Council" in relation to rearrangement of caliphate in accordance with the conditions of Islamic countries. This proposal offers an applicable model to today's modern nation states by establishing unity among them and leaving aside their conflicts and differences. This proposal offers a resolution of much-discussed matters of the position within the limits of principals. It also draws attention by showing a possibility of Islamic union in contemporary Islamic thought.
language: tur
source:
identifier: ISSN: 25289861 ; E-ISSN: 2528987X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 25289861
  • 2528-9861
  • 2528987X
  • 2528-987X
url: Link


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titleÇağdaş İslam Düşüncesi'nde Hilafet Anlayışları: Muhammed Hamîdullah ve Yüksek Hilafet Konseyi
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ispartofCumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi, Dec 2018, Vol.22(2), p.833
identifierISSN: 25289861 ; E-ISSN: 2528987X
subjectTurkey ; Muhammad (Prophet) ; Islam ; Muslims ; Prophecies ; Modernization
descriptionAfter the death of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), one of the most significant debated topics of Muslims was the institution of caliphate. This institution caused crucial argumentations through the ages from Abu Bakr to Abd-al-Majid who was the hundreth khalifa. Some prominent issues in that regard as follows: How khalifa comes to power, who becomes khalifa, whether he is descended from Quraysh or not, which kind of traits khalifa should have, and how khalifa should behave in certain circumstances. While these arguments were going on, caliphate was maintained based on the reign under some certain dynasties' responsibilities after the Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs. Umayyads, Abbasids and Ottoman Dynasties were the most well-known ones of these dynasties. Throughout history, even though caliphate passed in one another's hands among aforementioned dynasties, none of them did attempt to abolish this position. However, Turkish Muslims who became defeated with European occupation of non-western territories decided to abolish caliphate for the sake of modernization activities within the period of transition from imperialism to nation state. This decision brought about a trauma, which was much more critical than former argumentation around the position in Muslim world. Many congresses were organized in Islamic world in order to recover from this trauma. While this kind of quests were continuing, Muhammad Hamīdullah proposed "High Caliphate Council" in relation to rearrangement of caliphate in accordance with the conditions of Islamic countries. This proposal offers an applicable model to today's modern nation states by establishing unity among them and leaving aside their conflicts and differences. This proposal offers a resolution of much-discussed matters of the position within the limits of principals. It also draws attention by showing a possibility of Islamic union in contemporary Islamic thought.
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abstractAfter the death of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), one of the most significant debated topics of Muslims was the institution of caliphate. This institution caused crucial argumentations through the ages from Abu Bakr to Abd-al-Majid who was the hundreth khalifa. Some prominent issues in that regard as follows: How khalifa comes to power, who becomes khalifa, whether he is descended from Quraysh or not, which kind of traits khalifa should have, and how khalifa should behave in certain circumstances. While these arguments were going on, caliphate was maintained based on the reign under some certain dynasties' responsibilities after the Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs. Umayyads, Abbasids and Ottoman Dynasties were the most well-known ones of these dynasties. Throughout history, even though caliphate passed in one another's hands among aforementioned dynasties, none of them did attempt to abolish this position. However, Turkish Muslims who became defeated with European occupation of non-western territories decided to abolish caliphate for the sake of modernization activities within the period of transition from imperialism to nation state. This decision brought about a trauma, which was much more critical than former argumentation around the position in Muslim world. Many congresses were organized in Islamic world in order to recover from this trauma. While this kind of quests were continuing, Muhammad Hamīdullah proposed "High Caliphate Council" in relation to rearrangement of caliphate in accordance with the conditions of Islamic countries. This proposal offers an applicable model to today's modern nation states by establishing unity among them and leaving aside their conflicts and differences. This proposal offers a resolution of much-discussed matters of the position within the limits of principals. It also draws attention by showing a possibility of Islamic union in contemporary Islamic thought.
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pubCumhuriyet University, Faculty of Theology
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doi10.18505/cuid.442823
orcidid0000-0002-5446-1924
pages833-858
date2018-12-01