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Transferring Traditional Islamic Disciplines into Modern Social Sciences in Late Ottoman Thought: The Attempts of Ziya Gokalp and Mehmed Serafeddin1

The main factors that contributed to important change in late Ottoman and modern Turkish thought were the following: the Westernization and modernization attempts of the early eighteenth century; the mid-nineteenth century reorganization program ( Tanzimat); the growing number of visits to Western c... Full description

Journal Title: The Muslim World Apr 2007, Vol.97(2), pp.317-330
Main Author: Özervarli, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00274909 ; E-ISSN: 14781913
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title: Transferring Traditional Islamic Disciplines into Modern Social Sciences in Late Ottoman Thought: The Attempts of Ziya Gokalp and Mehmed Serafeddin1
format: Article
creator:
  • Özervarli, M
subjects:
  • Religion
  • Political Science
  • Arabic Language
  • Learning
  • Schools
  • Cultural Identity
  • Intellectuals
  • Ideology
  • Islam
  • Social Sciences
ispartof: The Muslim World, Apr 2007, Vol.97(2), pp.317-330
description: The main factors that contributed to important change in late Ottoman and modern Turkish thought were the following: the Westernization and modernization attempts of the early eighteenth century; the mid-nineteenth century reorganization program ( Tanzimat); the growing number of visits to Western countries and the praise of their civilization found in travel books; the establishment of Western-modeled schools; the reformation attempts of the madrasa system; and translations of selections from modern Western science and philosophy into the Turkish and Arabic languages. For instance, members of newly established translation offices such as Te'lifve Tercume Dairesi began to translate classical examples of the works of modern Western thinkers, including Descartes.15 On the other hand, a new generation of religious scholars from different backgrounds emerged in the adaptive cultural atmosphere of the Tanzimat in the second half of the nineteenth century, and tried to find a rapprochement between their Islamic/ Ottoman identity and modern conditions.16 As Mardin pointed out, . . . in the 1860 and 1870s, educated Turks were rediscovering the use of religion as a social cement.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00274909 ; E-ISSN: 14781913
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00274909
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  • 14781913
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identifierISSN: 00274909 ; E-ISSN: 14781913
subjectReligion ; Political Science ; Arabic Language ; Learning ; Schools ; Cultural Identity ; Intellectuals ; Ideology ; Islam ; Social Sciences
descriptionThe main factors that contributed to important change in late Ottoman and modern Turkish thought were the following: the Westernization and modernization attempts of the early eighteenth century; the mid-nineteenth century reorganization program ( Tanzimat); the growing number of visits to Western countries and the praise of their civilization found in travel books; the establishment of Western-modeled schools; the reformation attempts of the madrasa system; and translations of selections from modern Western science and philosophy into the Turkish and Arabic languages. For instance, members of newly established translation offices such as Te'lifve Tercume Dairesi began to translate classical examples of the works of modern Western thinkers, including Descartes.15 On the other hand, a new generation of religious scholars from different backgrounds emerged in the adaptive cultural atmosphere of the Tanzimat in the second half of the nineteenth century, and tried to find a rapprochement between their Islamic/ Ottoman identity and modern conditions.16 As Mardin pointed out, . . . in the 1860 and 1870s, educated Turks were rediscovering the use of religion as a social cement.
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titleTransferring Traditional Islamic Disciplines into Modern Social Sciences in Late Ottoman Thought: The Attempts of Ziya Gokalp and Mehmed Serafeddin1
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abstractThe main factors that contributed to important change in late Ottoman and modern Turkish thought were the following: the Westernization and modernization attempts of the early eighteenth century; the mid-nineteenth century reorganization program ( Tanzimat); the growing number of visits to Western countries and the praise of their civilization found in travel books; the establishment of Western-modeled schools; the reformation attempts of the madrasa system; and translations of selections from modern Western science and philosophy into the Turkish and Arabic languages. For instance, members of newly established translation offices such as Te'lifve Tercume Dairesi began to translate classical examples of the works of modern Western thinkers, including Descartes.15 On the other hand, a new generation of religious scholars from different backgrounds emerged in the adaptive cultural atmosphere of the Tanzimat in the second half of the nineteenth century, and tried to find a rapprochement between their Islamic/ Ottoman identity and modern conditions.16 As Mardin pointed out, . . . in the 1860 and 1870s, educated Turks were rediscovering the use of religion as a social cement.
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doi10.1111/j.1478-1913.2007.00175.x
date2007-04