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Ethnicity, Obesity, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women: A 20-year follow-up study

To examine ethnic differences in risk of type 2 diabetes, taking dietary and lifestyle risk factors into account. A prospective (1980-2000) cohort (from The Nurses' Health Study) including 78,419 apparently healthy women (75,584 whites, 801 Asians, 613 Hispanics, and 1,421 blacks) was studied. Detai... Full description

Journal Title: Diabetes Care Jul 2006, Vol.29(7), pp.1585-90
Main Author: Shai, Iris
Other Authors: Jiang, Rui , Manson, Joann , Stampfer, Meir
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 01495992 ; DOI: 10.2337/dc06-0057
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title: Ethnicity, Obesity, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women: A 20-year follow-up study
format: Article
creator:
  • Shai, Iris
  • Jiang, Rui
  • Manson, Joann
  • Stampfer, Meir
subjects:
  • Adult–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • African Continental Ancestry Group–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group–Epidemiology
  • Body Mass Index–Ethnology
  • Cohort Studies–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Epidemiology
  • Diet Surveys–Ethnology
  • European Continental Ancestry Group–Epidemiology
  • Female–Epidemiology
  • Follow-Up Studies–Epidemiology
  • Hispanic Americans–Epidemiology
  • Humans–Epidemiology
  • Middle Aged–Epidemiology
  • Obesity–Epidemiology
  • Obesity
ispartof: Diabetes Care, Jul 2006, Vol.29(7), pp.1585-90
description: To examine ethnic differences in risk of type 2 diabetes, taking dietary and lifestyle risk factors into account. A prospective (1980-2000) cohort (from The Nurses' Health Study) including 78,419 apparently healthy women (75,584 whites, 801 Asians, 613 Hispanics, and 1,421 blacks) was studied. Detailed dietary and lifestyle information for each participant was repeatedly collected every 4 years. During 1,294,799 person-years of follow-up, we documented 3,844 incident cases of diabetes. Compared with whites, the age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) were 1.43 (95% CI 1.08-1.90) for Asians, 1.76 (1.32-2.34) for Hispanics, and 2.18 (1.82-2.61) for blacks. After adjustment for BMI, the RRs changed to 2.26 (1.70-2.99) for Asians, 1.86 (1.40-2.47) for Hispanics, and 1.34 (1.12-1.61) for blacks. For each 5-unit increment in BMI, the multivariate RR of diabetes was 2.36 (1.83-3.04) for Asians, 2.21 (1.75-2.79) for Hispanics, 1.96 (1.93-2.00) for whites, and 1.55 (1.36-1.77) for blacks (P for interaction...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 01495992 ; DOI: 10.2337/dc06-0057
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 01495992
  • 0149-5992
url: Link


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titleEthnicity, Obesity, and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women: A 20-year follow-up study
creatorShai, Iris ; Jiang, Rui ; Manson, Joann ; Stampfer, Meir
ispartofDiabetes Care, Jul 2006, Vol.29(7), pp.1585-90
identifierISSN: 01495992 ; DOI: 10.2337/dc06-0057
subjectAdult–Statistics & Numerical Data ; African Continental Ancestry Group–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group–Epidemiology ; Body Mass Index–Ethnology ; Cohort Studies–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2–Epidemiology ; Diet Surveys–Ethnology ; European Continental Ancestry Group–Epidemiology ; Female–Epidemiology ; Follow-Up Studies–Epidemiology ; Hispanic Americans–Epidemiology ; Humans–Epidemiology ; Middle Aged–Epidemiology ; Obesity–Epidemiology ; Obesity
descriptionTo examine ethnic differences in risk of type 2 diabetes, taking dietary and lifestyle risk factors into account. A prospective (1980-2000) cohort (from The Nurses' Health Study) including 78,419 apparently healthy women (75,584 whites, 801 Asians, 613 Hispanics, and 1,421 blacks) was studied. Detailed dietary and lifestyle information for each participant was repeatedly collected every 4 years. During 1,294,799 person-years of follow-up, we documented 3,844 incident cases of diabetes. Compared with whites, the age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) were 1.43 (95% CI 1.08-1.90) for Asians, 1.76 (1.32-2.34) for Hispanics, and 2.18 (1.82-2.61) for blacks. After adjustment for BMI, the RRs changed to 2.26 (1.70-2.99) for Asians, 1.86 (1.40-2.47) for Hispanics, and 1.34 (1.12-1.61) for blacks. For each 5-unit increment in BMI, the multivariate RR of diabetes was 2.36 (1.83-3.04) for Asians, 2.21 (1.75-2.79) for Hispanics, 1.96 (1.93-2.00) for whites, and 1.55 (1.36-1.77) for blacks (P for interaction...
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descriptionTo examine ethnic differences in risk of type 2 diabetes, taking dietary and lifestyle risk factors into account. A prospective (1980-2000) cohort (from The Nurses' Health Study) including 78,419 apparently healthy women (75,584 whites, 801 Asians, 613 Hispanics, and 1,421 blacks) was studied. Detailed dietary and lifestyle information for each participant was repeatedly collected every 4 years. During 1,294,799 person-years of follow-up, we documented 3,844 incident cases of diabetes. Compared with whites, the age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) were 1.43 (95% CI 1.08-1.90) for Asians, 1.76 (1.32-2.34) for Hispanics, and 2.18 (1.82-2.61) for blacks. After adjustment for BMI, the RRs changed to 2.26 (1.70-2.99) for Asians, 1.86 (1.40-2.47) for Hispanics, and 1.34 (1.12-1.61) for blacks. For each 5-unit increment in BMI, the multivariate RR of diabetes was 2.36 (1.83-3.04) for Asians, 2.21 (1.75-2.79) for Hispanics, 1.96 (1.93-2.00) for whites, and 1.55 (1.36-1.77) for blacks (P for interaction...
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abstractTo examine ethnic differences in risk of type 2 diabetes, taking dietary and lifestyle risk factors into account. A prospective (1980-2000) cohort (from The Nurses' Health Study) including 78,419 apparently healthy women (75,584 whites, 801 Asians, 613 Hispanics, and 1,421 blacks) was studied. Detailed dietary and lifestyle information for each participant was repeatedly collected every 4 years. During 1,294,799 person-years of follow-up, we documented 3,844 incident cases of diabetes. Compared with whites, the age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) were 1.43 (95% CI 1.08-1.90) for Asians, 1.76 (1.32-2.34) for Hispanics, and 2.18 (1.82-2.61) for blacks. After adjustment for BMI, the RRs changed to 2.26 (1.70-2.99) for Asians, 1.86 (1.40-2.47) for Hispanics, and 1.34 (1.12-1.61) for blacks. For each 5-unit increment in BMI, the multivariate RR of diabetes was 2.36 (1.83-3.04) for Asians, 2.21 (1.75-2.79) for Hispanics, 1.96 (1.93-2.00) for whites, and 1.55 (1.36-1.77) for blacks (P for interaction...
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