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Polyunsaturated fatty acid status in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and Alzheimer's disease: towards an omega-3 index for mental health?

Interest in the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly long-chain (LC) omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs, in mental health is increasing. This review investigates whether n-3 PUFA levels are abnormal in people with three prevalent mental health problems – attention deficit hyperactivity disorde... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition reviews Vol.67(10), pp.573-590
Main Author: Milte, Catherine M
Other Authors: Sinn, Natalie , Howe, Peter R C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Created: October 2009
ID: E-ISSN: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00229.x
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/67671953/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Polyunsaturated fatty acid status in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and Alzheimer's disease: towards an omega-3 index for mental health?
format: Article
creator:
  • Milte, Catherine M
  • Sinn, Natalie
  • Howe, Peter R C
subjects:
  • Alzheimer Disease–Blood
  • Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity–Metabolism
  • Dementia–Blood
  • Depression–Metabolism
  • Depressive Disorder–Blood
  • Diet–Metabolism
  • Disease Progression–Blood
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3–Metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated–Blood
  • Female–Metabolism
  • Humans–Administration & Dosage
  • Learning Disorders–Blood
  • Male–Metabolism
  • Nutritional Status–Blood
  • Nutritional Status–Metabolism
  • Nutritional Status–Blood
  • Nutritional Status–Metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
ispartof: Nutrition reviews, Vol.67(10), pp.573-590
description: Interest in the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly long-chain (LC) omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs, in mental health is increasing. This review investigates whether n-3 PUFA levels are abnormal in people with three prevalent mental health problems – attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and dementia. Data sources included PubMed, Web of Science, and bibliographies of papers published in English that describe PUFA levels in the circulation of individuals who have these mental health conditions. Although abnormal blood PUFA levels were reported in a number of studies, weighted comparisons of PUFA status showed no significant differences overall between people with mental health problems and controls. Whether those with low n-3 PUFA status are likely to be more responsive to n-3 PUFA supplementation is not yet resolved. Further studies assessing PUFA levels and mental status with greater uniformity are required in order to clarify the relationship between LC n-3 PUFA status and mental health. ; Includes references ; p. 573-590.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 1753-4887 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00229.x
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 17534887
  • 1753-4887
url: Link


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titlePolyunsaturated fatty acid status in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and Alzheimer's disease: towards an omega-3 index for mental health?
creatorMilte, Catherine M ; Sinn, Natalie ; Howe, Peter R C
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subjectAlzheimer Disease–Blood ; Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity–Metabolism ; Dementia–Blood ; Depression–Metabolism ; Depressive Disorder–Blood ; Diet–Metabolism ; Disease Progression–Blood ; Fatty Acids, Omega-3–Metabolism ; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated–Blood ; Female–Metabolism ; Humans–Administration & Dosage ; Learning Disorders–Blood ; Male–Metabolism ; Nutritional Status–Blood ; Nutritional Status–Metabolism ; Nutritional Status–Blood ; Nutritional Status–Metabolism ; Fatty Acids, Omega-3 ; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
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descriptionInterest in the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly long-chain (LC) omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs, in mental health is increasing. This review investigates whether n-3 PUFA levels are abnormal in people with three prevalent mental health problems – attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and dementia. Data sources included PubMed, Web of Science, and bibliographies of papers published in English that describe PUFA levels in the circulation of individuals who have these mental health conditions. Although abnormal blood PUFA levels were reported in a number of studies, weighted comparisons of PUFA status showed no significant differences overall between people with mental health problems and controls. Whether those with low n-3 PUFA status are likely to be more responsive to n-3 PUFA supplementation is not yet resolved. Further studies assessing PUFA levels and mental status with greater uniformity are required in order to clarify the relationship between LC n-3 PUFA status and mental health. ; Includes references ; p. 573-590.
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