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A large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study.

OBJECTIVETo assess the effectiveness of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet. DESIGNA 12-month assessment of a randomized primary prevention trial. SUBJECTS/SETTINGSOne thousand five hundred fifty-one asymptomatic persons aged 55 to 80 years, with diabetes or > or =3 c... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of the American Dietetic Association July 2008, Vol.108(7), pp.1134-44; discussion 1145
Main Author: Zazpe, Itziar
Other Authors: Sanchez-Tainta, Ana , Estruch, Ramon , Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa María , Schröder, Helmut , Salas-Salvado, Jordi , Corella, Dolores , Fiol, Miquel , Gomez-Gracia, Enrique , Aros, Fernando , Ros, Emilio , Ruíz-Gutierrez, Valentina , Iglesias, Pablo , Conde-Herrera, Manuel , Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0002-8223 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.011
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/69268144/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: A large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study.
format: Article
creator:
  • Zazpe, Itziar
  • Sanchez-Tainta, Ana
  • Estruch, Ramon
  • Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa María
  • Schröder, Helmut
  • Salas-Salvado, Jordi
  • Corella, Dolores
  • Fiol, Miquel
  • Gomez-Gracia, Enrique
  • Aros, Fernando
  • Ros, Emilio
  • Ruíz-Gutierrez, Valentina
  • Iglesias, Pablo
  • Conde-Herrera, Manuel
  • Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel
subjects:
  • Aged–Blood
  • Aged, 80 and Over–Urine
  • Biomarkers–Epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases–Prevention & Control
  • Diet, Mediterranean–Methods
  • Dietetics–Methods
  • Fabaceae–Administration & Dosage
  • Feeding Behavior–Epidemiology
  • Female–Epidemiology
  • Fruit–Epidemiology
  • Health Promotion–Epidemiology
  • Humans–Epidemiology
  • Male–Epidemiology
  • Middle Aged–Epidemiology
  • Nuts–Epidemiology
  • Olive Oil–Epidemiology
  • Patient Compliance–Epidemiology
  • Plant Oils–Epidemiology
  • Prevalence–Epidemiology
  • Risk Factors–Epidemiology
  • United States–Epidemiology
  • Vegetables–Epidemiology
  • Abridged
  • Biomarkers
  • Olive Oil
  • Plant Oils
ispartof: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, July 2008, Vol.108(7), pp.1134-44; discussion 1145
description: OBJECTIVETo assess the effectiveness of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet. DESIGNA 12-month assessment of a randomized primary prevention trial. SUBJECTS/SETTINGSOne thousand five hundred fifty-one asymptomatic persons aged 55 to 80 years, with diabetes or > or =3 cardiovascular risk factors. INTERVENTIONParticipants were randomly assigned to a control group or two Mediterranean diet groups. Those allocated to the two Mediterranean diet groups received individual motivational interviews every 3 months to negotiate nutrition goals, and group educational sessions on a quarterly basis. One Mediterranean diet group received free virgin olive oil (1 L/week), the other received free mixed nuts (30 g/day). Participants in the control group received verbal instructions and a leaflet recommending the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III dietary guidelines. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESChanges in food and nutrient intake after 12 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSESPaired t tests (for within-group changes) and analysis of variance (for between-group changes) were conducted. RESULTSParticipants allocated to both Mediterranean diets increased their intake of virgin olive oil, nuts, vegetables, legumes, and fruits (P
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-8223 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.011
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00028223
  • 0002-8223
url: Link


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titleA large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study.
creatorZazpe, Itziar ; Sanchez-Tainta, Ana ; Estruch, Ramon ; Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa María ; Schröder, Helmut ; Salas-Salvado, Jordi ; Corella, Dolores ; Fiol, Miquel ; Gomez-Gracia, Enrique ; Aros, Fernando ; Ros, Emilio ; Ruíz-Gutierrez, Valentina ; Iglesias, Pablo ; Conde-Herrera, Manuel ; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel
contributorZazpe, Itziar (correspondence author) ; Zazpe, Itziar (record owner)
ispartofJournal of the American Dietetic Association, July 2008, Vol.108(7), pp.1134-44; discussion 1145
identifierISSN: 0002-8223 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.011
subjectAged–Blood ; Aged, 80 and Over–Urine ; Biomarkers–Epidemiology ; Cardiovascular Diseases–Prevention & Control ; Diet, Mediterranean–Methods ; Dietetics–Methods ; Fabaceae–Administration & Dosage ; Feeding Behavior–Epidemiology ; Female–Epidemiology ; Fruit–Epidemiology ; Health Promotion–Epidemiology ; Humans–Epidemiology ; Male–Epidemiology ; Middle Aged–Epidemiology ; Nuts–Epidemiology ; Olive Oil–Epidemiology ; Patient Compliance–Epidemiology ; Plant Oils–Epidemiology ; Prevalence–Epidemiology ; Risk Factors–Epidemiology ; United States–Epidemiology ; Vegetables–Epidemiology ; Abridged ; Biomarkers ; Olive Oil ; Plant Oils
descriptionOBJECTIVETo assess the effectiveness of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet. DESIGNA 12-month assessment of a randomized primary prevention trial. SUBJECTS/SETTINGSOne thousand five hundred fifty-one asymptomatic persons aged 55 to 80 years, with diabetes or > or =3 cardiovascular risk factors. INTERVENTIONParticipants were randomly assigned to a control group or two Mediterranean diet groups. Those allocated to the two Mediterranean diet groups received individual motivational interviews every 3 months to negotiate nutrition goals, and group educational sessions on a quarterly basis. One Mediterranean diet group received free virgin olive oil (1 L/week), the other received free mixed nuts (30 g/day). Participants in the control group received verbal instructions and a leaflet recommending the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III dietary guidelines. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESChanges in food and nutrient intake after 12 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSESPaired t tests (for within-group changes) and analysis of variance (for between-group changes) were conducted. RESULTSParticipants allocated to both Mediterranean diets increased their intake of virgin olive oil, nuts, vegetables, legumes, and fruits (P<0.05 for all within- and between-group differences). Participants in all three groups decreased their intake of meat and pastries, cakes, and sweets (P<0.05 for all). Fiber, monounsaturated fatty acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake increased in the Mediterranean diet groups (P<0.005 for all). Favorable, although nonsignificant, changes in intake of other nutrients occurred only in the Mediterranean diet groups. CONCLUSIONSA 12-month behavioral intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet can favorably modify an individual's overall food pattern. The individual motivational interventions together with the group sessions and the free provision of high-fat and palatable key foods customary to the Mediterranean diet were effective in improving the dietary habits of participants in this trial.
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titleA large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study.
descriptionOBJECTIVETo assess the effectiveness of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet. DESIGNA 12-month assessment of a randomized primary prevention trial. SUBJECTS/SETTINGSOne thousand five hundred fifty-one asymptomatic persons aged 55 to 80 years, with diabetes or > or =3 cardiovascular risk factors. INTERVENTIONParticipants were randomly assigned to a control group or two Mediterranean diet groups. Those allocated to the two Mediterranean diet groups received individual motivational interviews every 3 months to negotiate nutrition goals, and group educational sessions on a quarterly basis. One Mediterranean diet group received free virgin olive oil (1 L/week), the other received free mixed nuts (30 g/day). Participants in the control group received verbal instructions and a leaflet recommending the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III dietary guidelines. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESChanges in food and nutrient intake after 12 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSESPaired t tests (for within-group changes) and analysis of variance (for between-group changes) were conducted. RESULTSParticipants allocated to both Mediterranean diets increased their intake of virgin olive oil, nuts, vegetables, legumes, and fruits (P<0.05 for all within- and between-group differences). Participants in all three groups decreased their intake of meat and pastries, cakes, and sweets (P<0.05 for all). Fiber, monounsaturated fatty acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake increased in the Mediterranean diet groups (P<0.005 for all). Favorable, although nonsignificant, changes in intake of other nutrients occurred only in the Mediterranean diet groups. CONCLUSIONSA 12-month behavioral intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet can favorably modify an individual's overall food pattern. The individual motivational interventions together with the group sessions and the free provision of high-fat and palatable key foods customary to the Mediterranean diet were effective in improving the dietary habits of participants in this trial.
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titleA large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study.
authorZazpe, Itziar ; Sanchez-Tainta, Ana ; Estruch, Ramon ; Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa María ; Schröder, Helmut ; Salas-Salvado, Jordi ; Corella, Dolores ; Fiol, Miquel ; Gomez-Gracia, Enrique ; Aros, Fernando ; Ros, Emilio ; Ruíz-Gutierrez, Valentina ; Iglesias, Pablo ; Conde-Herrera, Manuel ; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel
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6Fabaceae–Administration & Dosage
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21Vegetables–Epidemiology
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abstractOBJECTIVETo assess the effectiveness of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet. DESIGNA 12-month assessment of a randomized primary prevention trial. SUBJECTS/SETTINGSOne thousand five hundred fifty-one asymptomatic persons aged 55 to 80 years, with diabetes or > or =3 cardiovascular risk factors. INTERVENTIONParticipants were randomly assigned to a control group or two Mediterranean diet groups. Those allocated to the two Mediterranean diet groups received individual motivational interviews every 3 months to negotiate nutrition goals, and group educational sessions on a quarterly basis. One Mediterranean diet group received free virgin olive oil (1 L/week), the other received free mixed nuts (30 g/day). Participants in the control group received verbal instructions and a leaflet recommending the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III dietary guidelines. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESChanges in food and nutrient intake after 12 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSESPaired t tests (for within-group changes) and analysis of variance (for between-group changes) were conducted. RESULTSParticipants allocated to both Mediterranean diets increased their intake of virgin olive oil, nuts, vegetables, legumes, and fruits (P<0.05 for all within- and between-group differences). Participants in all three groups decreased their intake of meat and pastries, cakes, and sweets (P<0.05 for all). Fiber, monounsaturated fatty acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake increased in the Mediterranean diet groups (P<0.005 for all). Favorable, although nonsignificant, changes in intake of other nutrients occurred only in the Mediterranean diet groups. CONCLUSIONSA 12-month behavioral intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet can favorably modify an individual's overall food pattern. The individual motivational interventions together with the group sessions and the free provision of high-fat and palatable key foods customary to the Mediterranean diet were effective in improving the dietary habits of participants in this trial.
doi10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.011
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date2008-07-01