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Lack of evidence of a genetic origin in the impaired spermatogenesis of a patient cohort with low-grade varicocele.

Varicocele is the most common clinical finding in infertile men but controversy continues to surround the utility of its treatment. An increased response of FSH to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone testing has been described in patients with varicocele, while the co-influence of Yq chromosome microdel... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of endocrinological investigation April 2001, Vol.24(4), pp.217-223
Main Author: Foppiani, L
Other Authors: Cavani, S , Piredda, S , Perroni, L , Fazzuoli, L , Giusti, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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ID: ISSN: 0391-4097
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/70892035/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Lack of evidence of a genetic origin in the impaired spermatogenesis of a patient cohort with low-grade varicocele.
format: Article
creator:
  • Foppiani, L
  • Cavani, S
  • Piredda, S
  • Perroni, L
  • Fazzuoli, L
  • Giusti, M
subjects:
  • Adult–Blood
  • Cohort Studies–Genetics
  • Gene Deletion–Genetics
  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones–Cytology
  • Growth Hormone–Genetics
  • Humans–Genetics
  • Infertility, Male–Genetics
  • Karyotyping–Genetics
  • Male–Genetics
  • Oligospermia–Genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction–Genetics
  • Semen–Genetics
  • Sequence Tagged Sites–Genetics
  • Spermatogenesis–Genetics
  • Varicocele–Genetics
  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones
  • Growth Hormone
ispartof: Journal of endocrinological investigation, April 2001, Vol.24(4), pp.217-223
description: Varicocele is the most common clinical finding in infertile men but controversy continues to surround the utility of its treatment. An increased response of FSH to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone testing has been described in patients with varicocele, while the co-influence of Yq chromosome microdeletions in the infertility associated to this pathology is still under investigation. We studied 30 patients with first- and second- grade varicocele, 15 idiopathic oligozoospermic men and 21 age-matched healthy controls. All subjects underwent testicular Doppler ultrasonography, semen analysis, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone testing and baseline blood sampling for total and free testosterone, PRL, 17β-estradiol, SHBG evaluation and Yq chromosome analysis. Apart from FSH, no difference in baseline hormonal levels was found between the groups. The patients with varicocele showed both an increased basal (p=0.007) and GnRH-induced FSH response (peak and AUC) (p=0.004) in comparison with the controls, while the idiopathic oligozoospermic men had only higher GnRH-induced FSH AUC (p=0.04). In the varicocele group, FSH peaks after GnRH testing correlated positively with the grade of disease (r=0.42, p=0.02) and negatively with sperm count (r=−0.50, p=0.005) and bilateral testis volume (r=−0.52, p=0.005). Sperm count and sperm motility were similarly significantly reduced both in patients with varicocele and in patients with idiopathic oligozoospermia in comparison with healthy controls. Yq chromosome analysis by sequence-tagged site PCR revealed no microdeletion in the AZF regions in any subject studied. Given the quite small number of subjects studied, our overall findings can only prompt us to suggest a possible causal role of varicocele in the impairment of spermatogenesis in our patients. Furthermore, although a genetic co-influence (i.e. Yq microdeletions) does not seem to be involved in the pathogenesis of infertility in men with varicocele and mild to moderate oligozoospermia, genetic screening seems to be advisable, especially in those patients who present a severe impairment of sperm count, as has been suggested by recent literature data.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0391-4097
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 03914097
  • 0391-4097
url: Link


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titleLack of evidence of a genetic origin in the impaired spermatogenesis of a patient cohort with low-grade varicocele.
creatorFoppiani, L ; Cavani, S ; Piredda, S ; Perroni, L ; Fazzuoli, L ; Giusti, M
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ispartofJournal of endocrinological investigation, April 2001, Vol.24(4), pp.217-223
identifierISSN: 0391-4097
subjectAdult–Blood ; Cohort Studies–Genetics ; Gene Deletion–Genetics ; Gonadal Steroid Hormones–Cytology ; Growth Hormone–Genetics ; Humans–Genetics ; Infertility, Male–Genetics ; Karyotyping–Genetics ; Male–Genetics ; Oligospermia–Genetics ; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction–Genetics ; Semen–Genetics ; Sequence Tagged Sites–Genetics ; Spermatogenesis–Genetics ; Varicocele–Genetics ; Gonadal Steroid Hormones ; Growth Hormone
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descriptionVaricocele is the most common clinical finding in infertile men but controversy continues to surround the utility of its treatment. An increased response of FSH to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone testing has been described in patients with varicocele, while the co-influence of Yq chromosome microdeletions in the infertility associated to this pathology is still under investigation. We studied 30 patients with first- and second- grade varicocele, 15 idiopathic oligozoospermic men and 21 age-matched healthy controls. All subjects underwent testicular Doppler ultrasonography, semen analysis, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone testing and baseline blood sampling for total and free testosterone, PRL, 17β-estradiol, SHBG evaluation and Yq chromosome analysis. Apart from FSH, no difference in baseline hormonal levels was found between the groups. The patients with varicocele showed both an increased basal (p=0.007) and GnRH-induced FSH response (peak and AUC) (p=0.004) in comparison with the controls, while the idiopathic oligozoospermic men had only higher GnRH-induced FSH AUC (p=0.04). In the varicocele group, FSH peaks after GnRH testing correlated positively with the grade of disease (r=0.42, p=0.02) and negatively with sperm count (r=−0.50, p=0.005) and bilateral testis volume (r=−0.52, p=0.005). Sperm count and sperm motility were similarly significantly reduced both in patients with varicocele and in patients with idiopathic oligozoospermia in comparison with healthy controls. Yq chromosome analysis by sequence-tagged site PCR revealed no microdeletion in the AZF regions in any subject studied. Given the quite small number of subjects studied, our overall findings can only prompt us to suggest a possible causal role of varicocele in the impairment of spermatogenesis in our patients. Furthermore, although a genetic co-influence (i.e. Yq microdeletions) does not seem to be involved in the pathogenesis of infertility in men with varicocele and mild to moderate oligozoospermia, genetic screening seems to be advisable, especially in those patients who present a severe impairment of sperm count, as has been suggested by recent literature data.
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titleLack of evidence of a genetic origin in the impaired spermatogenesis of a patient cohort with low-grade varicocele.
authorFoppiani, L ; Cavani, S ; Piredda, S ; Perroni, L ; Fazzuoli, L ; Giusti, M
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