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Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women.

BACKGROUNDAlthough increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes. OBJECTIVEWe examined the associations between the intakes of dietary fib... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of clinical nutrition November 2003, Vol.78(5), pp.920-927
Main Author: Liu, Simin
Other Authors: Willett, Walter C , Manson, Joann E , Hu, Frank B , Rosner, Bernard , Colditz, Graham
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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ID: ISSN: 0002-9165
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/71338312/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women.
format: Article
creator:
  • Liu, Simin
  • Willett, Walter C
  • Manson, Joann E
  • Hu, Frank B
  • Rosner, Bernard
  • Colditz, Graham
subjects:
  • Adult–Administration & Dosage
  • Body Mass Index–Administration & Dosage
  • Body Weight–Administration & Dosage
  • Cohort Studies–Administration & Dosage
  • Diet Records–Epidemiology
  • Dietary Carbohydrates–Etiology
  • Dietary Fats–Etiology
  • Dietary Fiber–Etiology
  • Dietary Proteins–Etiology
  • Edible Grain–Etiology
  • Energy Intake–Etiology
  • Exercise–Etiology
  • Female–Etiology
  • Fruit–Etiology
  • Humans–Etiology
  • Middle Aged–Etiology
  • Nurses–Etiology
  • Obesity–Etiology
  • Odds Ratio–Etiology
  • Prospective Studies–Etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires–Etiology
  • Vegetables–Etiology
  • Abridged
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
ispartof: The American journal of clinical nutrition, November 2003, Vol.78(5), pp.920-927
description: BACKGROUNDAlthough increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes. OBJECTIVEWe examined the associations between the intakes of dietary fiber and whole- or refined-grain products and weight gain over time. DESIGNIn a prospective cohort study, 74,091 US female nurses, aged 38-63 y in 1984 and free of known cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes at baseline, were followed from 1984 to 1996; their dietary habits were assessed in 1984, 1986, 1990, and 1994 with validated food-frequency questionnaires. Using multiple models to adjust for covariates, we calculated average weight, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), long-term weight changes, and the odds ratio of developing obesity (BMI > or = 30) according to change in dietary intake. RESULTSWomen who consumed more whole grains consistently weighed less than did women who consumed less whole grains (P for trend < 0.0001). Over 12 y, those with the greatest increase in intake of dietary fiber gained an average of 1.52 kg less than did those with the smallest increase in intake of dietary fiber (P for trend < 0.0001) independent of body weight at baseline, age, and changes in covariate status. Women in the highest quintile of dietary fiber intake had a 49% lower risk of major weight gain than did women in the highest quintile (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.39, 0.67; P < 0.0001 for trend). CONCLUSIONWeight gain was inversely associated with the intake of high-fiber, whole-grain foods but positively related to the intake of refined-grain foods, which indicated the importance of distinguishing whole-grain products from refined-grain products to aid in weight control.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-9165
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00029165
  • 0002-9165
url: Link


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titleRelation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women.
creatorLiu, Simin ; Willett, Walter C ; Manson, Joann E ; Hu, Frank B ; Rosner, Bernard ; Colditz, Graham
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subjectAdult–Administration & Dosage ; Body Mass Index–Administration & Dosage ; Body Weight–Administration & Dosage ; Cohort Studies–Administration & Dosage ; Diet Records–Epidemiology ; Dietary Carbohydrates–Etiology ; Dietary Fats–Etiology ; Dietary Fiber–Etiology ; Dietary Proteins–Etiology ; Edible Grain–Etiology ; Energy Intake–Etiology ; Exercise–Etiology ; Female–Etiology ; Fruit–Etiology ; Humans–Etiology ; Middle Aged–Etiology ; Nurses–Etiology ; Obesity–Etiology ; Odds Ratio–Etiology ; Prospective Studies–Etiology ; Surveys and Questionnaires–Etiology ; Vegetables–Etiology ; Abridged ; Dietary Carbohydrates ; Dietary Fats ; Dietary Fiber ; Dietary Proteins
descriptionBACKGROUNDAlthough increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes. OBJECTIVEWe examined the associations between the intakes of dietary fiber and whole- or refined-grain products and weight gain over time. DESIGNIn a prospective cohort study, 74,091 US female nurses, aged 38-63 y in 1984 and free of known cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes at baseline, were followed from 1984 to 1996; their dietary habits were assessed in 1984, 1986, 1990, and 1994 with validated food-frequency questionnaires. Using multiple models to adjust for covariates, we calculated average weight, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), long-term weight changes, and the odds ratio of developing obesity (BMI > or = 30) according to change in dietary intake. RESULTSWomen who consumed more whole grains consistently weighed less than did women who consumed less whole grains (P for trend < 0.0001). Over 12 y, those with the greatest increase in intake of dietary fiber gained an average of 1.52 kg less than did those with the smallest increase in intake of dietary fiber (P for trend < 0.0001) independent of body weight at baseline, age, and changes in covariate status. Women in the highest quintile of dietary fiber intake had a 49% lower risk of major weight gain than did women in the highest quintile (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.39, 0.67; P < 0.0001 for trend). CONCLUSIONWeight gain was inversely associated with the intake of high-fiber, whole-grain foods but positively related to the intake of refined-grain foods, which indicated the importance of distinguishing whole-grain products from refined-grain products to aid in weight control.
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titleRelation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women.
descriptionBACKGROUNDAlthough increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes. OBJECTIVEWe examined the associations between the intakes of dietary fiber and whole- or refined-grain products and weight gain over time. DESIGNIn a prospective cohort study, 74,091 US female nurses, aged 38-63 y in 1984 and free of known cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes at baseline, were followed from 1984 to 1996; their dietary habits were assessed in 1984, 1986, 1990, and 1994 with validated food-frequency questionnaires. Using multiple models to adjust for covariates, we calculated average weight, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), long-term weight changes, and the odds ratio of developing obesity (BMI > or = 30) according to change in dietary intake. RESULTSWomen who consumed more whole grains consistently weighed less than did women who consumed less whole grains (P for trend < 0.0001). Over 12 y, those with the greatest increase in intake of dietary fiber gained an average of 1.52 kg less than did those with the smallest increase in intake of dietary fiber (P for trend < 0.0001) independent of body weight at baseline, age, and changes in covariate status. Women in the highest quintile of dietary fiber intake had a 49% lower risk of major weight gain than did women in the highest quintile (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.39, 0.67; P < 0.0001 for trend). CONCLUSIONWeight gain was inversely associated with the intake of high-fiber, whole-grain foods but positively related to the intake of refined-grain foods, which indicated the importance of distinguishing whole-grain products from refined-grain products to aid in weight control.
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titleRelation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women.
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abstractBACKGROUNDAlthough increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes. OBJECTIVEWe examined the associations between the intakes of dietary fiber and whole- or refined-grain products and weight gain over time. DESIGNIn a prospective cohort study, 74,091 US female nurses, aged 38-63 y in 1984 and free of known cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes at baseline, were followed from 1984 to 1996; their dietary habits were assessed in 1984, 1986, 1990, and 1994 with validated food-frequency questionnaires. Using multiple models to adjust for covariates, we calculated average weight, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), long-term weight changes, and the odds ratio of developing obesity (BMI > or = 30) according to change in dietary intake. RESULTSWomen who consumed more whole grains consistently weighed less than did women who consumed less whole grains (P for trend < 0.0001). Over 12 y, those with the greatest increase in intake of dietary fiber gained an average of 1.52 kg less than did those with the smallest increase in intake of dietary fiber (P for trend < 0.0001) independent of body weight at baseline, age, and changes in covariate status. Women in the highest quintile of dietary fiber intake had a 49% lower risk of major weight gain than did women in the highest quintile (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.39, 0.67; P < 0.0001 for trend). CONCLUSIONWeight gain was inversely associated with the intake of high-fiber, whole-grain foods but positively related to the intake of refined-grain foods, which indicated the importance of distinguishing whole-grain products from refined-grain products to aid in weight control.
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/71338312/
doi10.1093/ajcn/78.5.920
eissn19383207
date2003-11-01