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Intake of fish and marine n-3 fatty acids in relation to coronary calcification: the Rotterdam Study.

BACKGROUNDEpidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVEThe objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of clinical nutrition May 2010, Vol.91(5), pp.1317-1323
Main Author: Heine-Bröring, Renate C
Other Authors: Brouwer, Ingeborg A , Proença, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart , van Rooij, Frank J A , Hofman, Albert , Oudkerk, Matthijs , Witteman, Jacqueline C M , Geleijnse, Johanna M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28416
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/733104952/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Intake of fish and marine n-3 fatty acids in relation to coronary calcification: the Rotterdam Study.
format: Article
creator:
  • Heine-Bröring, Renate C
  • Brouwer, Ingeborg A
  • Proença, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart
  • van Rooij, Frank J A
  • Hofman, Albert
  • Oudkerk, Matthijs
  • Witteman, Jacqueline C M
  • Geleijnse, Johanna M
subjects:
  • Aged–Epidemiology
  • Alcohol Drinking–Epidemiology
  • Animals–Blood
  • Calcinosis–Epidemiology
  • Cholesterol, HDL–Administration & Dosage
  • Coronary Disease–Administration & Dosage
  • Crustacea–Pharmacology
  • Diet–Blood
  • Dietary Proteins–Epidemiology
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids–Epidemiology
  • Educational Status–Epidemiology
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid–Epidemiology
  • Exercise–Blood
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3–Blood
  • Female–Blood
  • Fishes–Blood
  • Humans–Blood
  • Hypercholesterolemia–Blood
  • Hypertension–Blood
  • Male–Blood
  • Middle Aged–Blood
  • Netherlands–Blood
  • Severity of Illness Index–Blood
  • Smoking–Blood
  • Socioeconomic Factors–Blood
  • Triglycerides–Blood
  • Abridged
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Triglycerides
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
ispartof: The American journal of clinical nutrition, May 2010, Vol.91(5), pp.1317-1323
description: BACKGROUNDEpidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVEThe objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in a general older population. DESIGNDiet was assessed between 1990 and 1993 by using a semiquantitative 170-item food-frequency questionnaire. Coronary calcification was assessed approximately 7 y later by electron-beam computed tomography in 1570 asymptomatic cardiac subjects with complete dietary data (44% men, mean age of 64 y). Calcium scores according to Agatston's method were divided into 400 (severe calcification). Prevalence ratios (PRs) for mild/moderate and severe calcification were obtained in categories of fish and EPA plus DHA intake. PRs were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and dietary factors. RESULTSSubjects with a fish intake > 19 g/d had a significantly lower prevalence of mild/moderate calcification (PR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.98; full model) than did subjects who consumed no fish. Subjects with a high fish intake also had a lower prevalence of severe calcification (PR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.74, 1.04), which was borderline statistically significant. EPA plus DHA intake showed no significant associations (PR: 0.93 and 0.97, respectively; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONSWe found a weak inverse association between fish intake and coronary calcification. If confirmed in other population-based studies, more research is warranted to determine which components in fish can inhibit vascular calcification.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 1938-3207 ; DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28416
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 19383207
  • 1938-3207
url: Link


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titleIntake of fish and marine n-3 fatty acids in relation to coronary calcification: the Rotterdam Study.
creatorHeine-Bröring, Renate C ; Brouwer, Ingeborg A ; Proença, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart ; van Rooij, Frank J A ; Hofman, Albert ; Oudkerk, Matthijs ; Witteman, Jacqueline C M ; Geleijnse, Johanna M
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ispartofThe American journal of clinical nutrition, May 2010, Vol.91(5), pp.1317-1323
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subjectAged–Epidemiology ; Alcohol Drinking–Epidemiology ; Animals–Blood ; Calcinosis–Epidemiology ; Cholesterol, HDL–Administration & Dosage ; Coronary Disease–Administration & Dosage ; Crustacea–Pharmacology ; Diet–Blood ; Dietary Proteins–Epidemiology ; Docosahexaenoic Acids–Epidemiology ; Educational Status–Epidemiology ; Eicosapentaenoic Acid–Epidemiology ; Exercise–Blood ; Fatty Acids, Omega-3–Blood ; Female–Blood ; Fishes–Blood ; Humans–Blood ; Hypercholesterolemia–Blood ; Hypertension–Blood ; Male–Blood ; Middle Aged–Blood ; Netherlands–Blood ; Severity of Illness Index–Blood ; Smoking–Blood ; Socioeconomic Factors–Blood ; Triglycerides–Blood ; Abridged ; Cholesterol, HDL ; Dietary Proteins ; Fatty Acids, Omega-3 ; Triglycerides ; Docosahexaenoic Acids ; Eicosapentaenoic Acid
descriptionBACKGROUNDEpidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVEThe objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in a general older population. DESIGNDiet was assessed between 1990 and 1993 by using a semiquantitative 170-item food-frequency questionnaire. Coronary calcification was assessed approximately 7 y later by electron-beam computed tomography in 1570 asymptomatic cardiac subjects with complete dietary data (44% men, mean age of 64 y). Calcium scores according to Agatston's method were divided into 400 (severe calcification). Prevalence ratios (PRs) for mild/moderate and severe calcification were obtained in categories of fish and EPA plus DHA intake. PRs were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and dietary factors. RESULTSSubjects with a fish intake > 19 g/d had a significantly lower prevalence of mild/moderate calcification (PR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.98; full model) than did subjects who consumed no fish. Subjects with a high fish intake also had a lower prevalence of severe calcification (PR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.74, 1.04), which was borderline statistically significant. EPA plus DHA intake showed no significant associations (PR: 0.93 and 0.97, respectively; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONSWe found a weak inverse association between fish intake and coronary calcification. If confirmed in other population-based studies, more research is warranted to determine which components in fish can inhibit vascular calcification.
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titleIntake of fish and marine n-3 fatty acids in relation to coronary calcification: the Rotterdam Study.
descriptionBACKGROUNDEpidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVEThe objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in a general older population. DESIGNDiet was assessed between 1990 and 1993 by using a semiquantitative 170-item food-frequency questionnaire. Coronary calcification was assessed approximately 7 y later by electron-beam computed tomography in 1570 asymptomatic cardiac subjects with complete dietary data (44% men, mean age of 64 y). Calcium scores according to Agatston's method were divided into 400 (severe calcification). Prevalence ratios (PRs) for mild/moderate and severe calcification were obtained in categories of fish and EPA plus DHA intake. PRs were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and dietary factors. RESULTSSubjects with a fish intake > 19 g/d had a significantly lower prevalence of mild/moderate calcification (PR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.98; full model) than did subjects who consumed no fish. Subjects with a high fish intake also had a lower prevalence of severe calcification (PR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.74, 1.04), which was borderline statistically significant. EPA plus DHA intake showed no significant associations (PR: 0.93 and 0.97, respectively; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONSWe found a weak inverse association between fish intake and coronary calcification. If confirmed in other population-based studies, more research is warranted to determine which components in fish can inhibit vascular calcification.
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1Alcohol Drinking–Epidemiology
2Animals–Blood
3Calcinosis–Epidemiology
4Cholesterol, HDL–Administration & Dosage
5Coronary Disease–Administration & Dosage
6Crustacea–Pharmacology
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8Dietary Proteins–Epidemiology
9Docosahexaenoic Acids–Epidemiology
10Educational Status–Epidemiology
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13Fatty Acids, Omega-3–Blood
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21Netherlands–Blood
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titleIntake of fish and marine n-3 fatty acids in relation to coronary calcification: the Rotterdam Study.
authorHeine-Bröring, Renate C ; Brouwer, Ingeborg A ; Proença, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart ; van Rooij, Frank J A ; Hofman, Albert ; Oudkerk, Matthijs ; Witteman, Jacqueline C M ; Geleijnse, Johanna M
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21Netherlands–Blood
22Severity of Illness Index–Blood
23Smoking–Blood
24Socioeconomic Factors–Blood
25Triglycerides–Blood
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abstractBACKGROUNDEpidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVEThe objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in a general older population. DESIGNDiet was assessed between 1990 and 1993 by using a semiquantitative 170-item food-frequency questionnaire. Coronary calcification was assessed approximately 7 y later by electron-beam computed tomography in 1570 asymptomatic cardiac subjects with complete dietary data (44% men, mean age of 64 y). Calcium scores according to Agatston's method were divided into 400 (severe calcification). Prevalence ratios (PRs) for mild/moderate and severe calcification were obtained in categories of fish and EPA plus DHA intake. PRs were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and dietary factors. RESULTSSubjects with a fish intake > 19 g/d had a significantly lower prevalence of mild/moderate calcification (PR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78, 0.98; full model) than did subjects who consumed no fish. Subjects with a high fish intake also had a lower prevalence of severe calcification (PR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.74, 1.04), which was borderline statistically significant. EPA plus DHA intake showed no significant associations (PR: 0.93 and 0.97, respectively; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONSWe found a weak inverse association between fish intake and coronary calcification. If confirmed in other population-based studies, more research is warranted to determine which components in fish can inhibit vascular calcification.
doi10.3945/ajcn.2009.28416
urlhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/733104952/
issn00029165
date2010-05-01