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Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in relation to dietary patterns among young Brazilian adults.

OBJECTIVETo identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. DESIGNPopulation-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identifi... Full description

Journal Title: Public health nutrition January 2011, Vol.14(1), pp.150-159
Main Author: Olinto, Maria Teresa A
Other Authors: Willett, Walter C , Gigante, Denise P , Victora, Cesar G
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1475-2727 ; DOI: 10.1017/S136898001000162X
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/822904151/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in relation to dietary patterns among young Brazilian adults.
format: Article
creator:
  • Olinto, Maria Teresa A
  • Willett, Walter C
  • Gigante, Denise P
  • Victora, Cesar G
subjects:
  • Brazil–Statistics & Numerical Data
  • Cohort Studies–Trends
  • Cross-Sectional Studies–Trends
  • Demography–Trends
  • Diet–Trends
  • Feeding Behavior–Trends
  • Female–Trends
  • Humans–Trends
  • Life Style–Trends
  • Male–Trends
  • Principal Component Analysis–Trends
  • Socioeconomic Factors–Trends
  • Young Adult–Trends
ispartof: Public health nutrition, January 2011, Vol.14(1), pp.150-159
description: OBJECTIVETo identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. DESIGNPopulation-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. SETTINGSouthern Brazil. SUBJECTSA total of 4202 men and women aged 23 years, who participated in the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. RESULTSFive dietary patterns were identified: common Brazilian, processed food, vegetable/fruit, dairy/dessert and tubers/pasta. Subjects who had low own or maternal educational levels, low social position or who were always poor throughout life had high adherence to the common Brazilian dietary pattern. In contrast, the processed food pattern was more likely to be followed by those belonging to middle and high social position and who were never poor. Men and smokers showed high adherence to the processed food and common Brazilian dietary patterns. Vegetable/fruit pattern was more likely to be followed by women and subjects engaged in physical activity. Women also showed high adherence to the dairy/dessert pattern. CONCLUSIONSOur study among young Brazilian adults has identified distinct dietary patterns that are clearly influenced by socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, which have important policy implications in a country with marked social and economic inequalities.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1475-2727 ; DOI: 10.1017/S136898001000162X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 14752727
  • 1475-2727
url: Link


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titleSociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in relation to dietary patterns among young Brazilian adults.
creatorOlinto, Maria Teresa A ; Willett, Walter C ; Gigante, Denise P ; Victora, Cesar G
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ispartofPublic health nutrition, January 2011, Vol.14(1), pp.150-159
identifierE-ISSN: 1475-2727 ; DOI: 10.1017/S136898001000162X
subjectBrazil–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Cohort Studies–Trends ; Cross-Sectional Studies–Trends ; Demography–Trends ; Diet–Trends ; Feeding Behavior–Trends ; Female–Trends ; Humans–Trends ; Life Style–Trends ; Male–Trends ; Principal Component Analysis–Trends ; Socioeconomic Factors–Trends ; Young Adult–Trends
descriptionOBJECTIVETo identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. DESIGNPopulation-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. SETTINGSouthern Brazil. SUBJECTSA total of 4202 men and women aged 23 years, who participated in the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. RESULTSFive dietary patterns were identified: common Brazilian, processed food, vegetable/fruit, dairy/dessert and tubers/pasta. Subjects who had low own or maternal educational levels, low social position or who were always poor throughout life had high adherence to the common Brazilian dietary pattern. In contrast, the processed food pattern was more likely to be followed by those belonging to middle and high social position and who were never poor. Men and smokers showed high adherence to the processed food and common Brazilian dietary patterns. Vegetable/fruit pattern was more likely to be followed by women and subjects engaged in physical activity. Women also showed high adherence to the dairy/dessert pattern. CONCLUSIONSOur study among young Brazilian adults has identified distinct dietary patterns that are clearly influenced by socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, which have important policy implications in a country with marked social and economic inequalities.
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abstractOBJECTIVETo identify dietary patterns among young adults and the relationships with socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle characteristics. DESIGNPopulation-based, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study. Food intake was assessed by a frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis. SETTINGSouthern Brazil. SUBJECTSA total of 4202 men and women aged 23 years, who participated in the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. RESULTSFive dietary patterns were identified: common Brazilian, processed food, vegetable/fruit, dairy/dessert and tubers/pasta. Subjects who had low own or maternal educational levels, low social position or who were always poor throughout life had high adherence to the common Brazilian dietary pattern. In contrast, the processed food pattern was more likely to be followed by those belonging to middle and high social position and who were never poor. Men and smokers showed high adherence to the processed food and common Brazilian dietary patterns. Vegetable/fruit pattern was more likely to be followed by women and subjects engaged in physical activity. Women also showed high adherence to the dairy/dessert pattern. CONCLUSIONSOur study among young Brazilian adults has identified distinct dietary patterns that are clearly influenced by socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, which have important policy implications in a country with marked social and economic inequalities.
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date2011-01-01