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Early postnatal nutrition and programming of the preterm neonate

Early postnatal nutrition is a vital determinant of adult health; this is particularly true for the infant born prematurely and cared for in a hospital setting such as the neonatal intensive care unit. Human and animal studies support the contribution of postnatal dietary composition and the rate of... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition Reviews Feb 2011, Vol.69(2), p.76
Main Author: Wiedmeier, Julia
Other Authors: Joss-Moore, Lisa , Lane, Robert , Neu, Josef
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 00296643
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/855313059/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Early postnatal nutrition and programming of the preterm neonate
format: Article
creator:
  • Wiedmeier, Julia
  • Joss-Moore, Lisa
  • Lane, Robert
  • Neu, Josef
subjects:
  • Epigenetics
  • Nutrition
  • Babies
  • Gene Expression
  • Neonatal Care
  • Chromatin
  • Diet
ispartof: Nutrition Reviews, Feb 2011, Vol.69(2), p.76
description: Early postnatal nutrition is a vital determinant of adult health; this is particularly true for the infant born prematurely and cared for in a hospital setting such as the neonatal intensive care unit. Human and animal studies support the contribution of postnatal dietary composition and the rate of extrauterine growth to long-term metabolic outcomes. One mechanism by which postnatal nutrition affects long-term outcome is via developmental programming. Programming, or the modulation of gene expression to impart a short-term advantage accompanied by a long-term cost, may be achieved by epigenetic modifications to chromatin. This review summarizes the details of postnatal nutritional content and rate of growth on the development of metabolic disease. The role of epigenetics in developmental programming of the preterm infant is also discussed, with an emphasis on animal models of dietary manipulation and directions in which the field must move in order to formulate effective feeding strategies for the preterm infant. [PUBLICATION ]
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 00296643
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00296643
  • 0029-6643
url: Link


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subjectEpigenetics ; Nutrition ; Babies ; Gene Expression ; Neonatal Care ; Chromatin ; Diet
descriptionEarly postnatal nutrition is a vital determinant of adult health; this is particularly true for the infant born prematurely and cared for in a hospital setting such as the neonatal intensive care unit. Human and animal studies support the contribution of postnatal dietary composition and the rate of extrauterine growth to long-term metabolic outcomes. One mechanism by which postnatal nutrition affects long-term outcome is via developmental programming. Programming, or the modulation of gene expression to impart a short-term advantage accompanied by a long-term cost, may be achieved by epigenetic modifications to chromatin. This review summarizes the details of postnatal nutritional content and rate of growth on the development of metabolic disease. The role of epigenetics in developmental programming of the preterm infant is also discussed, with an emphasis on animal models of dietary manipulation and directions in which the field must move in order to formulate effective feeding strategies for the preterm infant. [PUBLICATION ]
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titleEarly postnatal nutrition and programming of the preterm neonate
authorWiedmeier, Julia ; Joss-Moore, Lisa ; Lane, Robert ; Neu, Josef
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abstractEarly postnatal nutrition is a vital determinant of adult health; this is particularly true for the infant born prematurely and cared for in a hospital setting such as the neonatal intensive care unit. Human and animal studies support the contribution of postnatal dietary composition and the rate of extrauterine growth to long-term metabolic outcomes. One mechanism by which postnatal nutrition affects long-term outcome is via developmental programming. Programming, or the modulation of gene expression to impart a short-term advantage accompanied by a long-term cost, may be achieved by epigenetic modifications to chromatin. This review summarizes the details of postnatal nutritional content and rate of growth on the development of metabolic disease. The role of epigenetics in developmental programming of the preterm infant is also discussed, with an emphasis on animal models of dietary manipulation and directions in which the field must move in order to formulate effective feeding strategies for the preterm infant. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
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