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Dioxin scandal triggers food debate in Germany.

According to the World Health Organization, they are "highly toxic and can cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones and also cause cancer" (www .who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225 /en/). The degree to which they are metabolized or excreted by... Full description

Journal Title: CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne March 8, 2011, Vol.183(4), pp.E221-E222
Main Author: Kupferschmidt, Kai
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1488-2329 ; DOI: 1488-2329 ; DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.109-3801
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/857130148/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Dioxin scandal triggers food debate in Germany.
format: Article
creator:
  • Kupferschmidt, Kai
subjects:
  • Animals–Toxicity
  • Chickens–Toxicity
  • Dioxins–Toxicity
  • Eggs–Toxicity
  • Food Contamination–Toxicity
  • Food Supply–Toxicity
  • Germany–Toxicity
  • Humans–Toxicity
  • Abridged
  • Dioxins
ispartof: CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, March 8, 2011, Vol.183(4), pp.E221-E222
description: According to the World Health Organization, they are "highly toxic and can cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones and also cause cancer" (www .who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225 /en/). The degree to which they are metabolized or excreted by animals or humans is believed to depend on the degree to which they are chlorinated, so dioxins with few chlorines can be readily oxidized, while highly chlorinated ones can have a half-life anywhere between 7.8 and 132 years (Chemosphere 2009; 48[6]:631-44). The institute concluded after reviewing the risk posed by dioxincontaminated foods that "even in the theoretical case that somebody had consumed foods with the highest measured dioxin contents for a year, the body burden would only moderately increase. At the end of the year it would have risen after the consumption of a total of 730 eggs with the highest measured dioxin content by 4 picograms to a total of 14 picograms per gram body fat" (www.bfr.bund.de /cd/54049). [Andreas Hensel] notes that two decades ago, young adults typically had a burden of 30 picograms of dioxins per gram of body fat. "Dioxin is actually a prime example of the reduction of a contaminant in the last decades," he says. "Whether you look at cow milk or breast milk, the amount of dioxin has continually declined over the last 20 years to a fifth of its original value."
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1488-2329 ; DOI: 1488-2329 ; DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.109-3801
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 14882329
  • 1488-2329
url: Link


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descriptionAccording to the World Health Organization, they are "highly toxic and can cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones and also cause cancer" (www .who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs225 /en/). The degree to which they are metabolized or excreted by animals or humans is believed to depend on the degree to which they are chlorinated, so dioxins with few chlorines can be readily oxidized, while highly chlorinated ones can have a half-life anywhere between 7.8 and 132 years (Chemosphere 2009; 48[6]:631-44). The institute concluded after reviewing the risk posed by dioxincontaminated foods that "even in the theoretical case that somebody had consumed foods with the highest measured dioxin contents for a year, the body burden would only moderately increase. At the end of the year it would have risen after the consumption of a total of 730 eggs with the highest measured dioxin content by 4 picograms to a total of 14 picograms per gram body fat" (www.bfr.bund.de /cd/54049). [Andreas Hensel] notes that two decades ago, young adults typically had a burden of 30 picograms of dioxins per gram of body fat. "Dioxin is actually a prime example of the reduction of a contaminant in the last decades," he says. "Whether you look at cow milk or breast milk, the amount of dioxin has continually declined over the last 20 years to a fifth of its original value."
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