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Substituting white rice with brown rice for 16 weeks does not substantially affect metabolic risk factors in middle-aged Chinese men and women with diabetes or a high risk for diabetes.

Epidemiologic studies have suggested that higher consumption of white rice (WR) is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unclear whether substituting brown rice (BR) for WR can improve metabolic risk factors. A total of 202 middle-aged adults with diabetes or a... Full description

Journal Title: The Journal of nutrition September 2011, Vol.141(9), pp.1685-1690
Main Author: Zhang, Geng
Other Authors: Pan, An , Zong, Geng , Yu, Zhijie , Wu, Hongyu , Chen, Xiafei , Tang, Lixin , Feng, Ying , Zhou, Hong , Chen, Xiaolei , Li, Huaixing , Hong, Biling , Malik, Vasanti S , Willett, Walter C , Spiegelman, Donna , Hu, Frank B , Lin, Xu
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1541-6100 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.111.142224
Link: http://search.proquest.com/docview/884846861/?pq-origsite=primo
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title: Substituting white rice with brown rice for 16 weeks does not substantially affect metabolic risk factors in middle-aged Chinese men and women with diabetes or a high risk for diabetes.
format: Article
creator:
  • Zhang, Geng
  • Pan, An
  • Zong, Geng
  • Yu, Zhijie
  • Wu, Hongyu
  • Chen, Xiafei
  • Tang, Lixin
  • Feng, Ying
  • Zhou, Hong
  • Chen, Xiaolei
  • Li, Huaixing
  • Hong, Biling
  • Malik, Vasanti S
  • Willett, Walter C
  • Spiegelman, Donna
  • Hu, Frank B
  • Lin, Xu
subjects:
  • Adult–Metabolism
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group–Blood
  • Blood Glucose–Diet Therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus–Prevention & Control
  • Energy Metabolism–Blood
  • Female–Chemistry
  • Glucose Intolerance–Chemistry
  • Humans–Chemistry
  • Male–Chemistry
  • Middle Aged–Chemistry
  • Oryza–Chemistry
  • Risk Factors–Chemistry
  • Blood Glucose
ispartof: The Journal of nutrition, September 2011, Vol.141(9), pp.1685-1690
description: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that higher consumption of white rice (WR) is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unclear whether substituting brown rice (BR) for WR can improve metabolic risk factors. A total of 202 middle-aged adults with diabetes or a high risk for diabetes were randomly assigned to a WR (n = 101) or BR group (n = 101) and consumed the rice ad libitum for 16 wk. Metabolic risk markers, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, and serum lipid, glucose, and insulin concentrations were measured before and after the intervention. Over the course of the intervention, no between-group differences were found for any markers except the serum LDL cholesterol concentration, which decreased more in the WR group compared to the BR group (P = 0.02). However, this effect was observed only among participants with diabetes (n = 47). The reversion rate of reduced serum HDL cholesterol was marginally higher in the BR group (14.9%) than in the WR group (6.9%) (P= 0.07). Among participants with diabetes, a greater reduction in diastolic blood pressure was observed in the BR group compared to the WR group (P = 0.02). Our study suggests that incorporating BR into the daily diet for 16 wk did not substantially improve metabolic risk factors. Further studies with larger sample sizes, longer durations of follow-up, and different varieties of rice are needed to carefully examine the role of BR in the prevention and management of diabetes. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.142224
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1541-6100 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.111.142224
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 15416100
  • 1541-6100
url: Link


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titleSubstituting white rice with brown rice for 16 weeks does not substantially affect metabolic risk factors in middle-aged Chinese men and women with diabetes or a high risk for diabetes.
creatorZhang, Geng ; Pan, An ; Zong, Geng ; Yu, Zhijie ; Wu, Hongyu ; Chen, Xiafei ; Tang, Lixin ; Feng, Ying ; Zhou, Hong ; Chen, Xiaolei ; Li, Huaixing ; Hong, Biling ; Malik, Vasanti S ; Willett, Walter C ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Hu, Frank B ; Lin, Xu
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identifierE-ISSN: 1541-6100 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.111.142224
subjectAdult–Metabolism ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group–Blood ; Blood Glucose–Diet Therapy ; Diabetes Mellitus–Prevention & Control ; Energy Metabolism–Blood ; Female–Chemistry ; Glucose Intolerance–Chemistry ; Humans–Chemistry ; Male–Chemistry ; Middle Aged–Chemistry ; Oryza–Chemistry ; Risk Factors–Chemistry ; Blood Glucose
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descriptionEpidemiologic studies have suggested that higher consumption of white rice (WR) is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unclear whether substituting brown rice (BR) for WR can improve metabolic risk factors. A total of 202 middle-aged adults with diabetes or a high risk for diabetes were randomly assigned to a WR (n = 101) or BR group (n = 101) and consumed the rice ad libitum for 16 wk. Metabolic risk markers, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, and serum lipid, glucose, and insulin concentrations were measured before and after the intervention. Over the course of the intervention, no between-group differences were found for any markers except the serum LDL cholesterol concentration, which decreased more in the WR group compared to the BR group (P = 0.02). However, this effect was observed only among participants with diabetes (n = 47). The reversion rate of reduced serum HDL cholesterol was marginally higher in the BR group (14.9%) than in the WR group (6.9%) (P= 0.07). Among participants with diabetes, a greater reduction in diastolic blood pressure was observed in the BR group compared to the WR group (P = 0.02). Our study suggests that incorporating BR into the daily diet for 16 wk did not substantially improve metabolic risk factors. Further studies with larger sample sizes, longer durations of follow-up, and different varieties of rice are needed to carefully examine the role of BR in the prevention and management of diabetes. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.142224
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authorZhang, Geng ; Pan, An ; Zong, Geng ; Yu, Zhijie ; Wu, Hongyu ; Chen, Xiafei ; Tang, Lixin ; Feng, Ying ; Zhou, Hong ; Chen, Xiaolei ; Li, Huaixing ; Hong, Biling ; Malik, Vasanti S ; Willett, Walter C ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Hu, Frank B ; Lin, Xu
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