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Occurrence, finger printing and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Chenab River, Pakistan

Seventeen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in surface waters (including particulate phase) from the Chenab River, Pakistan and ranged from 289994 and 4371290 ng l 1 in summer and winter (200709), respectively. Concentrations for different ring-number PAHs followed the trend: 3-ri... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2011, Vol.13(11), pp.3207-3215
Main Author: Farooq, Samiya
Other Authors: Ali-musstjab-akber-shah Eqani, Syed , Malik, Riffat Naseem , Katsoyiannis, Athanasios , Zhang, Gan , Zhang, Yanlin , Li, Jun , Xiang, Liu , Jones, Kevin C. , Shinwari, Zabta Khan
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ID: ISSN: 1464-0325 ; E-ISSN: 1464-0333 ; DOI: 10.1039/c1em10421g
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recordid: rscc1em10421g
title: Occurrence, finger printing and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Chenab River, Pakistan
format: Article
creator:
  • Farooq, Samiya
  • Ali-musstjab-akber-shah Eqani, Syed
  • Malik, Riffat Naseem
  • Katsoyiannis, Athanasios
  • Zhang, Gan
  • Zhang, Yanlin
  • Li, Jun
  • Xiang, Liu
  • Jones, Kevin C.
  • Shinwari, Zabta Khan
subjects:
  • Rivers
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Risk Assessment
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Printing
  • Surface Water
  • Factor Analysis
  • Coal
  • Water Quality
  • Finger
  • Principal Components Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Drains
  • Burning
  • Waste Disposal
  • Contaminants
  • Aquatic Organisms
  • Pollution Monitoring
  • Water Quality
  • Guidelines
  • Summer
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Municipal Wastes
  • Coal
  • Urban Areas
  • Rivers
  • Risk
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Assessments
  • Aquatic Life
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Surface Water
  • Coal
  • Fluctuations
  • Rivers
  • Risk
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Assessments
  • Aquatic Life
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Surface Water
  • Coal
  • Fluctuations
  • Pakistan
  • India, Jammu and Kashmir, Chenab R.
  • Asia, Indus R.
  • Issues in Sustainable Development
  • Freshwater Pollution
  • Toxicology & Environmental Safety
  • Environment
  • Use of Water of Impaired Quality
  • Water Resources and Supplies
  • Industrial Chemicals
ispartof: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 2011, Vol.13(11), pp.3207-3215
description: Seventeen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in surface waters (including particulate phase) from the Chenab River, Pakistan and ranged from 289994 and 4371290 ng l 1 in summer and winter (200709), respectively. Concentrations for different ring-number PAHs followed the trend: 3-rings > 2-rings > 4-rings > 5-rings > 6-rings. The possible sources of PAHs are identified by calculating the indicative ratios; appropriating petrogenic sources of PAHs in urban and sub-urban regions with pyrogenic sources in agricultural region. Factor analysis based on principal component analysis identified the origins of PAHs from industrial activities, coal and trash burning in agricultural areas and municipal waste disposal from surrounding urban and sub-urban areas via open drains into the riverine ecosystem. Water quality guidelines and toxic equivalent factors highlighted the potential risk of low molecular weight PAHs to the aquatic life of the Chenab River. The flux estimated for PAHs contaminants from the Chenab River to the Indus River was >50 tons/year.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1464-0325 ; E-ISSN: 1464-0333 ; DOI: 10.1039/c1em10421g
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1464-0325
  • 1464-0333
  • 14640333
  • 14640325
url: Link


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titleOccurrence, finger printing and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Chenab River, Pakistan
creatorFarooq, Samiya ; Ali-musstjab-akber-shah Eqani, Syed ; Malik, Riffat Naseem ; Katsoyiannis, Athanasios ; Zhang, Gan ; Zhang, Yanlin ; Li, Jun ; Xiang, Liu ; Jones, Kevin C. ; Shinwari, Zabta Khan
ispartofJournal of Environmental Monitoring, 2011, Vol.13(11), pp.3207-3215
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descriptionSeventeen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in surface waters (including particulate phase) from the Chenab River, Pakistan and ranged from 289994 and 4371290 ng l 1 in summer and winter (200709), respectively. Concentrations for different ring-number PAHs followed the trend: 3-rings > 2-rings > 4-rings > 5-rings > 6-rings. The possible sources of PAHs are identified by calculating the indicative ratios; appropriating petrogenic sources of PAHs in urban and sub-urban regions with pyrogenic sources in agricultural region. Factor analysis based on principal component analysis identified the origins of PAHs from industrial activities, coal and trash burning in agricultural areas and municipal waste disposal from surrounding urban and sub-urban areas via open drains into the riverine ecosystem. Water quality guidelines and toxic equivalent factors highlighted the potential risk of low molecular weight PAHs to the aquatic life of the Chenab River. The flux estimated for PAHs contaminants from the Chenab River to the Indus River was >50 tons/year.
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subjectRivers ; Environmental Monitoring ; Risk Assessment ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ; Printing ; Surface Water ; Factor Analysis ; Coal ; Water Quality ; Finger ; Principal Components Analysis ; Risk Factors ; Drains ; Burning ; Waste Disposal ; Contaminants ; Aquatic Organisms ; Pollution Monitoring ; Water Quality ; Guidelines ; Summer ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ; Municipal Wastes ; Coal ; Urban Areas ; Rivers ; Risk ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ; Assessments ; Aquatic Life ; Principal Component Analysis ; Surface Water ; Coal ; Fluctuations ; Rivers ; Risk ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ; Assessments ; Aquatic Life ; Principal Component Analysis ; Surface Water ; Coal ; Fluctuations ; Pakistan ; India, Jammu and Kashmir, Chenab R. ; Asia, Indus R. ; Issues in Sustainable Development ; Freshwater Pollution ; Toxicology & Environmental Safety ; Environment ; Use of Water of Impaired Quality ; Water Resources and Supplies ; Industrial Chemicals;
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titleOccurrence, finger printing and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Chenab River, Pakistan
descriptionSeventeen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in surface waters (including particulate phase) from the Chenab River, Pakistan and ranged from 289994 and 4371290 ng l 1 in summer and winter (200709), respectively. Concentrations for different ring-number PAHs followed the trend: 3-rings > 2-rings > 4-rings > 5-rings > 6-rings. The possible sources of PAHs are identified by calculating the indicative ratios; appropriating petrogenic sources of PAHs in urban and sub-urban regions with pyrogenic sources in agricultural region. Factor analysis based on principal component analysis identified the origins of PAHs from industrial activities, coal and trash burning in agricultural areas and municipal waste disposal from surrounding urban and sub-urban areas via open drains into the riverine ecosystem. Water quality guidelines and toxic equivalent factors highlighted the potential risk of low molecular weight PAHs to the aquatic life of the Chenab River. The flux estimated for PAHs contaminants from the Chenab River to the Indus River was >50 tons/year.
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titleOccurrence, finger printing and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Chenab River, Pakistan
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abstractSeventeen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in surface waters (including particulate phase) from the Chenab River, Pakistan and ranged from 289994 and 4371290 ng l 1 in summer and winter (200709), respectively. Concentrations for different ring-number PAHs followed the trend: 3-rings > 2-rings > 4-rings > 5-rings > 6-rings. The possible sources of PAHs are identified by calculating the indicative ratios; appropriating petrogenic sources of PAHs in urban and sub-urban regions with pyrogenic sources in agricultural region. Factor analysis based on principal component analysis identified the origins of PAHs from industrial activities, coal and trash burning in agricultural areas and municipal waste disposal from surrounding urban and sub-urban areas via open drains into the riverine ecosystem. Water quality guidelines and toxic equivalent factors highlighted the potential risk of low molecular weight PAHs to the aquatic life of the Chenab River. The flux estimated for PAHs contaminants from the Chenab River to the Indus River was >50 tons/year.
doi10.1039/c1em10421g
pages3207-3215
date2011-11-02