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African Americans in Standard Behavioral Treatment for Obesity, 2001-2015: What Have We Learned?

African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large (N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported... Full description

Journal Title: Western Journal of Nursing Research August 2017, Vol.39(8), pp.1045-1069
Main Author: Goode, Rachel W
Other Authors: Styn, Mindi A , Mendez, Dara D , Gary-Webb, Tiffany L
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0193-9459 ; E-ISSN: 1552-8456 ; DOI: 10.1177/0193945917692115
Link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0193945917692115
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recordid: sage_s10_1177_0193945917692115
title: African Americans in Standard Behavioral Treatment for Obesity, 2001-2015: What Have We Learned?
format: Article
creator:
  • Goode, Rachel W
  • Styn, Mindi A
  • Mendez, Dara D
  • Gary-Webb, Tiffany L
subjects:
  • Diet and Exercise
  • Narrative Review
  • Black
  • Weight Loss
  • Standard Behavioral Treatment
  • Nursing
  • Public Health
ispartof: Western Journal of Nursing Research, August 2017, Vol.39(8), pp.1045-1069
description: African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large (N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69.6% of the studies met or exceeded population estimates for AAs in the United States. However, only 10 reported outcomes and/or considered race in the analytic approach. At 6 months, AA participants consistently lost less weight than White participants. The use of culturally tailored intervention materials and monthly personal telephone calls were reported as factors that may have enhanced treatment response. Future behavioral weight loss trials should also increase reporting...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0193-9459 ; E-ISSN: 1552-8456 ; DOI: 10.1177/0193945917692115
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0193-9459
  • 01939459
  • 1552-8456
  • 15528456
url: Link


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titleAfrican Americans in Standard Behavioral Treatment for Obesity, 2001-2015: What Have We Learned?
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subjectDiet and Exercise ; Narrative Review ; Black ; Weight Loss ; Standard Behavioral Treatment ; Nursing ; Public Health
descriptionAfrican Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large (N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69.6% of the studies met or exceeded population estimates for AAs in the United States. However, only 10 reported outcomes and/or considered race in the analytic approach. At 6 months, AA participants consistently lost less weight than White participants. The use of culturally tailored intervention materials and monthly personal telephone calls were reported as factors that may have enhanced treatment response. Future behavioral weight loss trials should also increase reporting...
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African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large (N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69.6% of the studies met or exceeded population estimates for AAs in the United States. However, only 10 reported outcomes and/or considered race in the analytic approach. At 6 months, AA participants consistently lost less weight than White participants. The use of culturally tailored intervention materials and monthly personal telephone calls were reported as factors that may have enhanced treatment response. Future behavioral weight loss trials should also increase reporting...

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abstract

African Americans (AAs) bear a disproportionate burden of the obesity epidemic, yet have historically been underrepresented in weight loss research. We conducted a narrative review of large (N > 75) randomized prospective clinical trials of standard behavioral treatment for weight loss that reported results in the past 15 years (2001-2015) to (a) determine the rates of inclusion and reported results for AAs and (b) further identify strategies that may result in improved outcomes. Of the 23 trials reviewed, 69.6% of the studies met or exceeded population estimates for AAs in the United States. However, only 10 reported outcomes and/or considered race in the analytic approach. At 6 months, AA participants consistently lost less weight than White participants. The use of culturally tailored intervention materials and monthly personal telephone calls were reported as factors that may have enhanced treatment response. Future behavioral weight loss trials should also increase reporting...

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doi10.1177/0193945917692115
lad01Western Journal of Nursing Research
date2017-08