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Genes, Parenting, Self-Control, and Criminal Behavior

Self-control has been found to predict a wide variety of criminal behaviors. In addition, studies have consistently shown that parenting is an important influence on both self-control and offending. However, few studies have examined the role that biological factors may play in moderating the relati... Full description

Journal Title: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology March 2016, Vol.60(4), pp.469-491
Main Author: Watts, Stephen J
Other Authors: Mcnulty, Thomas L
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0306-624X ; E-ISSN: 1552-6933 ; DOI: 10.1177/0306624X14553813
Link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0306624X14553813
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title: Genes, Parenting, Self-Control, and Criminal Behavior
format: Article
creator:
  • Watts, Stephen J
  • Mcnulty, Thomas L
subjects:
  • Crime
  • Gene–Environment Interactions
  • Self-Control Theory
  • Parenting
  • Social Welfare & Social Work
ispartof: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, March 2016, Vol.60(4), pp.469-491
description: Self-control has been found to predict a wide variety of criminal behaviors. In addition, studies have consistently shown that parenting is an important influence on both self-control and offending. However, few studies have examined the role that biological factors may play in moderating the relationship between parenting, self-control, and offending. Using a sample of adolescent males drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 3,610), we explore whether variants of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) and the dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene interact with parenting to affect self-control and offending. Results reveal that parenting interacts with these genes to influence self-control and offending, and that the parenting-by-gene interaction effect on offending is mediated by self-control. The effects of parenting on self-control and offending are most pronounced for those who carry plasticity alleles for both MAOA and DAT1. Thus, MAOA and DAT1 may be implicated in offending because they increase the negative effects of parenting on self-control. Implications for theory are discussed.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0306-624X ; E-ISSN: 1552-6933 ; DOI: 10.1177/0306624X14553813
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0306-624X
  • 0306624X
  • 1552-6933
  • 15526933
url: Link


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descriptionSelf-control has been found to predict a wide variety of criminal behaviors. In addition, studies have consistently shown that parenting is an important influence on both self-control and offending. However, few studies have examined the role that biological factors may play in moderating the relationship between parenting, self-control, and offending. Using a sample of adolescent males drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 3,610), we explore whether variants of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) and the dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene interact with parenting to affect self-control and offending. Results reveal that parenting interacts with these genes to influence self-control and offending, and that the parenting-by-gene interaction effect on offending is mediated by self-control. The effects of parenting on self-control and offending are most pronounced for those who carry plasticity alleles for both MAOA and DAT1. Thus, MAOA and DAT1 may be implicated in offending because they increase the negative effects of parenting on self-control. Implications for theory are discussed.
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Self-control has been found to predict a wide variety of criminal behaviors. In addition, studies have consistently shown that parenting is an important influence on both self-control and offending. However, few studies have examined the role that biological factors may play in moderating the relationship between parenting, self-control, and offending. Using a sample of adolescent males drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 3,610), we explore whether variants of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) and the dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene interact with parenting to affect self-control and offending. Results reveal that parenting interacts with these genes to influence self-control and offending, and that the parenting-by-gene interaction effect on offending is mediated by self-control. The effects of parenting on self-control and offending are most pronounced for those who carry plasticity alleles for both MAOA and DAT1. Thus, MAOA and DAT1 may be implicated in offending because they increase the negative effects of parenting on self-control. Implications for theory are discussed.

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doi10.1177/0306624X14553813
date2016-03