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Adolescent Maltreatment in the Child Welfare System and Developmental Patterns of Sexual Risk Behaviors

In this longitudinal study, we tested whether adolescent maltreatment and out-of-home placement as a response to maltreatment altered developmental patterns of sexual risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of youth involved in the child welfare system. Participants included adolescents... Full description

Journal Title: Child Maltreatment February 2015, Vol.20(1), pp.50-60
Main Author: Fowler, Patrick J
Other Authors: Motley, Darnell , Zhang, Jinjin , Rolls-Reutz, Jennifer , Landsverk, John
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1077-5595 ; E-ISSN: 1552-6119 ; DOI: 10.1177/1077559514548701
Link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1077559514548701
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recordid: sage_s10_1177_1077559514548701
title: Adolescent Maltreatment in the Child Welfare System and Developmental Patterns of Sexual Risk Behaviors
format: Article
creator:
  • Fowler, Patrick J
  • Motley, Darnell
  • Zhang, Jinjin
  • Rolls-Reutz, Jennifer
  • Landsverk, John
subjects:
  • Child Maltreatment
  • Child Welfare
  • Adolescent
  • Sexual Risk Behavior
  • Longitudinal
  • Social Welfare & Social Work
  • Psychology
ispartof: Child Maltreatment, February 2015, Vol.20(1), pp.50-60
description: In this longitudinal study, we tested whether adolescent maltreatment and out-of-home placement as a response to maltreatment altered developmental patterns of sexual risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of youth involved in the child welfare system. Participants included adolescents aged 13 to 17 (M = 15.5, SD = 1.49) at baseline (n = 714), followed over 18 months. Computer-assisted interviews were used to collect self-reported sexual practices and experiences of physical and psychological abuse at both time points. Latent transition analyses were used to identify three patterns of sexual risk behaviors: abstainers, safe sex with multiple partners, and unsafe sex with multiple partners. Most adolescents transitioned to safer sexual behavior patterns over time. Adolescents exhibiting the riskiest sexual practices at baseline were most likely to report subsequent abuse and less likely to be placed into out-of-home care. Findings provide a more nuanced understanding of sexual risk among child welfare–involved adolescents and inform practices to promote positive transitions within the system.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1077-5595 ; E-ISSN: 1552-6119 ; DOI: 10.1177/1077559514548701
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1077-5595
  • 10775595
  • 1552-6119
  • 15526119
url: Link


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descriptionIn this longitudinal study, we tested whether adolescent maltreatment and out-of-home placement as a response to maltreatment altered developmental patterns of sexual risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of youth involved in the child welfare system. Participants included adolescents aged 13 to 17 (M = 15.5, SD = 1.49) at baseline (n = 714), followed over 18 months. Computer-assisted interviews were used to collect self-reported sexual practices and experiences of physical and psychological abuse at both time points. Latent transition analyses were used to identify three patterns of sexual risk behaviors: abstainers, safe sex with multiple partners, and unsafe sex with multiple partners. Most adolescents transitioned to safer sexual behavior patterns over time. Adolescents exhibiting the riskiest sexual practices at baseline were most likely to report subsequent abuse and less likely to be placed into out-of-home care. Findings provide a more nuanced understanding of sexual risk among child welfare–involved adolescents and inform practices to promote positive transitions within the system.
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In this longitudinal study, we tested whether adolescent maltreatment and out-of-home placement as a response to maltreatment altered developmental patterns of sexual risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample of youth involved in the child welfare system. Participants included adolescents aged 13 to 17 (M = 15.5, SD = 1.49) at baseline (n = 714), followed over 18 months. Computer-assisted interviews were used to collect self-reported sexual practices and experiences of physical and psychological abuse at both time points. Latent transition analyses were used to identify three patterns of sexual risk behaviors: abstainers, safe sex with multiple partners, and unsafe sex with multiple partners. Most adolescents transitioned to safer sexual behavior patterns over time. Adolescents exhibiting the riskiest sexual practices at baseline were most likely to report subsequent abuse and less likely to be placed into out-of-home care. Findings provide a more nuanced understanding of sexual risk among child welfare–involved adolescents and inform practices to promote positive transitions within the system.

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doi10.1177/1077559514548701
date2015-02