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Different sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers

An experiment with 400 one-day-old male chicks (Ross) was conducted to evaluate the effects of different Na levels (0.10, 0.22, 0.34 and 0.46%) and different cation/anion balances (Na+K-Cl) (100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 meq/kg) in pre-starter diets on broiler performance. The corn and soybean-based di... Full description

Journal Title: Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola 01 September 2004, Vol.6(3), pp.143-146
Main Author: Maiorka
Other Authors: Magro , Bartels, Has , Kessler, Am , Penz Jr, Am
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: Portugiesisch
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2004000300002
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recordid: scielo_sS1516_635X2004000300002
title: Different sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers
format: Article
creator:
  • Maiorka
  • Magro
  • Bartels, Has
  • Kessler, Am
  • Penz Jr, Am
subjects:
  • Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
  • Ornithology
  • Broiler
  • Chlorine
  • Electrolyte Balance
  • Performance
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Water
ispartof: Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 01 September 2004, Vol.6(3), pp.143-146
description: An experiment with 400 one-day-old male chicks (Ross) was conducted to evaluate the effects of different Na levels (0.10, 0.22, 0.34 and 0.46%) and different cation/anion balances (Na+K-Cl) (100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 meq/kg) in pre-starter diets on broiler performance. The corn and soybean-based diets had 22% crude protein and 2,900 kcal/kg metabolizable energy and were fed ad libitum. Performance data showed a positive quadratic effect of increasing Na levels on feed and water consumption, weight gain and feed conversion. Na+K-Cl also had a quadratic influence on feed intake and weight gain. None of the effects tested affected the amount of water measured in excreta. Derivatives of obtained regression equations pointed to optimal Na levels of 0.45% for water consumption, 0.40% for feed intake and weight gain and 0.38% for feed conversion. As to the effect of dietary Na+K-Cl balances on performance, regression equation values were 174 meq/kg for feed consumption and 163 meq/kg for weight gain. These results show that both Na level and Na+K-Cl balance interfere on broiler performance.
language: por
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2004000300002
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 1806-9061
  • 18069061
url: Link


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titleDifferent sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers
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identifierISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2004000300002
subjectAgriculture, Dairy & Animal Science ; Ornithology ; Broiler ; Chlorine ; Electrolyte Balance ; Performance ; Potassium ; Sodium ; Water
descriptionAn experiment with 400 one-day-old male chicks (Ross) was conducted to evaluate the effects of different Na levels (0.10, 0.22, 0.34 and 0.46%) and different cation/anion balances (Na+K-Cl) (100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 meq/kg) in pre-starter diets on broiler performance. The corn and soybean-based diets had 22% crude protein and 2,900 kcal/kg metabolizable energy and were fed ad libitum. Performance data showed a positive quadratic effect of increasing Na levels on feed and water consumption, weight gain and feed conversion. Na+K-Cl also had a quadratic influence on feed intake and weight gain. None of the effects tested affected the amount of water measured in excreta. Derivatives of obtained regression equations pointed to optimal Na levels of 0.45% for water consumption, 0.40% for feed intake and weight gain and 0.38% for feed conversion. As to the effect of dietary Na+K-Cl balances on performance, regression equation values were 174 meq/kg for feed consumption and 163 meq/kg for weight gain. These results show that both Na level and Na+K-Cl balance interfere on broiler performance.
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An experiment with 400 one-day-old male chicks (Ross) was conducted to evaluate the effects of different Na levels (0.10, 0.22, 0.34 and 0.46%) and different cation/anion balances (Na+K-Cl) (100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 meq/kg) in pre-starter diets on broiler performance. The corn and soybean-based diets had 22% crude protein and 2,900 kcal/kg metabolizable energy and were fed ad libitum. Performance data showed a positive quadratic effect of increasing Na levels on feed and water consumption, weight gain and feed conversion. Na+K-Cl also had a quadratic influence on feed intake and weight gain. None of the effects tested affected the amount of water measured in excreta. Derivatives of obtained regression equations pointed to optimal Na levels of 0.45% for water consumption, 0.40% for feed intake and weight gain and 0.38% for feed conversion. As to the effect of dietary Na+K-Cl balances on performance, regression equation values were 174 meq/kg for feed consumption and 163 meq/kg for weight gain. These results show that both Na level and Na+K-Cl balance interfere on broiler performance.

pubFundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
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