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Behavior of broiler chickens in four different substrates: a choice test

The aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could... Full description

Journal Title: Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola 01 March 2014, Vol.16(1), pp.67-75
Main Author: Villagrá
Other Authors: Olivas , Althaus, Rl , Gómez, Ea , Lainez , Torres, AG
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: Portugiesisch
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010
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recordid: scielo_sS1516_635X2014000100010
title: Behavior of broiler chickens in four different substrates: a choice test
format: Article
creator:
  • Villagrá
  • Olivas
  • Althaus, Rl
  • Gómez, Ea
  • Lainez
  • Torres, AG
subjects:
  • Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
  • Ornithology
  • Behavior
  • Broiler
  • Choice Test
  • Litter
  • Preference
ispartof: Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 01 March 2014, Vol.16(1), pp.67-75
description: The aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could move freely around the four selected materials (straw, wood shavings, rice hulls and sand). Chickens were introduced in this pen in four groups of eight birds, three days a week for one hour per day and group, for four weeks. The location and the activity performed by each broiler were recorded every five minutes. Results showed a preference for sand compared with the other three substrates. However, differences between the behaviors performed in each bedding material were shown mainly for resting (preferably performed on wood shavings and straw), dust bathing (on sand), pecking and scratching (on rice hulls). Other factors, such as the time of day, were also found to have effects on fighting and drinking, and changes in behavioral patterns (resting, preening, eating, standing and pecking) were also detected as broilers grew older.
language: por
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 1806-9061
  • 18069061
url: Link


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titleBehavior of broiler chickens in four different substrates: a choice test
creatorVillagrá ; Olivas ; Althaus, Rl ; Gómez, Ea ; Lainez ; Torres, AG
ispartofRevista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 01 March 2014, Vol.16(1), pp.67-75
identifierISSN: 1806-9061 ; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2014000100010
subjectAgriculture, Dairy & Animal Science ; Ornithology ; Behavior ; Broiler ; Choice Test ; Litter ; Preference
descriptionThe aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could move freely around the four selected materials (straw, wood shavings, rice hulls and sand). Chickens were introduced in this pen in four groups of eight birds, three days a week for one hour per day and group, for four weeks. The location and the activity performed by each broiler were recorded every five minutes. Results showed a preference for sand compared with the other three substrates. However, differences between the behaviors performed in each bedding material were shown mainly for resting (preferably performed on wood shavings and straw), dust bathing (on sand), pecking and scratching (on rice hulls). Other factors, such as the time of day, were also found to have effects on fighting and drinking, and changes in behavioral patterns (resting, preening, eating, standing and pecking) were also detected as broilers grew older.
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The aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could move freely around the four selected materials (straw, wood shavings, rice hulls and sand). Chickens were introduced in this pen in four groups of eight birds, three days a week for one hour per day and group, for four weeks. The location and the activity performed by each broiler were recorded every five minutes. Results showed a preference for sand compared with the other three substrates. However, differences between the behaviors performed in each bedding material were shown mainly for resting (preferably performed on wood shavings and straw), dust bathing (on sand), pecking and scratching (on rice hulls). Other factors, such as the time of day, were also found to have effects on fighting and drinking, and changes in behavioral patterns (resting, preening, eating, standing and pecking) were also detected as broilers grew older.

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The aim of this study was to determine the selection of bedding material by broiler chickens during the rearing period and whether the choice was determinant to their performing a specific behavior. To achieve this objective, a choice test was designed. A choice pen was constructed where birds could move freely around the four selected materials (straw, wood shavings, rice hulls and sand). Chickens were introduced in this pen in four groups of eight birds, three days a week for one hour per day and group, for four weeks. The location and the activity performed by each broiler were recorded every five minutes. Results showed a preference for sand compared with the other three substrates. However, differences between the behaviors performed in each bedding material were shown mainly for resting (preferably performed on wood shavings and straw), dust bathing (on sand), pecking and scratching (on rice hulls). Other factors, such as the time of day, were also found to have effects on fighting and drinking, and changes in behavioral patterns (resting, preening, eating, standing and pecking) were also detected as broilers grew older.

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