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Ultrasensitive amperometric aptasensor for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule by using target-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification

An amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe... Full description

Journal Title: Microchimica Acta 2018, Vol.185(3), pp.1-8
Main Author: Chen, Qinhua
Other Authors: Hu, Wanbao , Shang, Bing , Wei, Jian , Chen, Long , Guo, Xiaojun , Ran, Fengying , Chen, Wei , Ding, Xueru , Xu, Ying , Wu, Yinhua
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0026-3672 ; E-ISSN: 1436-5073 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00604-018-2739-0
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-018-2739-0
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recordid: springer_jour10.1007/s00604-018-2739-0
title: Ultrasensitive amperometric aptasensor for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule by using target-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification
format: Article
creator:
  • Chen, Qinhua
  • Hu, Wanbao
  • Shang, Bing
  • Wei, Jian
  • Chen, Long
  • Guo, Xiaojun
  • Ran, Fengying
  • Chen, Wei
  • Ding, Xueru
  • Xu, Ying
  • Wu, Yinhua
subjects:
  • EpCAM
  • Aptamer
  • Toehold
  • Diagnosis
  • Electrochemical detection
  • Biosensor
ispartof: Microchimica Acta, 2018, Vol.185(3), pp.1-8
description: An amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5′-thiol group (5’-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1. This results in the exposure of another toehold for further hybridizing with hairpin probe 2 (Hp2) to displace probe A in the presence of Hp2 that was labeled with the electrochemical probe Methylene Blue (MB). Subsequently, liberated probe A is hybridized again with another Hp1 to start the next round of DNA recycling amplification by reusing probe A. This leads to the formation of plenty of MB-labeled DNA strands on the electrode surface and generates an amplified current. This 1:N probe-response amplification results in ultrasensitive and specific detection of EpCAM, with a 20 pg·mL −1 detection limit. The electrode is highly stable and regenerable. It was successfully applied to the determination of EpCAM in spiked human serum, urine and saliva, and thus provides a promising tool for early clinical diagnosis. Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of the electrochemical detection for EpCAM. The method is based on aptamer-based recognition and EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification. Hp1: Hairpin probe 1; Hp2: Hairpin probe 2; MB: Methylene blue; MCH: 6-Mercapto-1-hexanol; EpCAM: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0026-3672 ; E-ISSN: 1436-5073 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00604-018-2739-0
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1436-5073
  • 14365073
  • 0026-3672
  • 00263672
url: Link


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titleUltrasensitive amperometric aptasensor for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule by using target-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification
creatorChen, Qinhua ; Hu, Wanbao ; Shang, Bing ; Wei, Jian ; Chen, Long ; Guo, Xiaojun ; Ran, Fengying ; Chen, Wei ; Ding, Xueru ; Xu, Ying ; Wu, Yinhua
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subjectEpCAM ; Aptamer ; Toehold ; Diagnosis ; Electrochemical detection ; Biosensor
descriptionAn amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5′-thiol group (5’-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1. This results in the exposure of another toehold for further hybridizing with hairpin probe 2 (Hp2) to displace probe A in the presence of Hp2 that was labeled with the electrochemical probe Methylene Blue (MB). Subsequently, liberated probe A is hybridized again with another Hp1 to start the next round of DNA recycling amplification by reusing probe A. This leads to the formation of plenty of MB-labeled DNA strands on the electrode surface and generates an amplified current. This 1:N probe-response amplification results in ultrasensitive and specific detection of EpCAM, with a 20 pg·mL −1 detection limit. The electrode is highly stable and regenerable. It was successfully applied to the determination of EpCAM in spiked human serum, urine and saliva, and thus provides a promising tool for early clinical diagnosis. Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of the electrochemical detection for EpCAM. The method is based on aptamer-based recognition and EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification. Hp1: Hairpin probe 1; Hp2: Hairpin probe 2; MB: Methylene blue; MCH: 6-Mercapto-1-hexanol; EpCAM: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule.
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titleUltrasensitive amperometric aptasensor for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule by using target-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification
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0An amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5′-thiol group (5’-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1. This results in the exposure of another toehold for further hybridizing with hairpin probe 2 (Hp2) to displace probe A in the presence of Hp2 that was labeled with the electrochemical probe Methylene Blue (MB). Subsequently, liberated probe A is hybridized again with another Hp1 to start the next round of DNA recycling amplification by reusing probe A. This leads to the formation of plenty of MB-labeled DNA strands on the electrode surface and generates an amplified current. This 1:N probe-response amplification results in ultrasensitive and specific detection of EpCAM, with a 20 pg·mL −1 detection limit. The electrode is highly stable and regenerable. It was successfully applied to the determination of EpCAM in spiked human serum, urine and saliva, and thus provides a promising tool for early clinical diagnosis.
1Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of the electrochemical detection for EpCAM. The method is based on aptamer-based recognition and EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification. Hp1: Hairpin probe 1; Hp2: Hairpin probe 2; MB: Methylene blue; MCH: 6-Mercapto-1-hexanol; EpCAM: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule.
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abstractAn amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5′-thiol group (5’-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1. This results in the exposure of another toehold for further hybridizing with hairpin probe 2 (Hp2) to displace probe A in the presence of Hp2 that was labeled with the electrochemical probe Methylene Blue (MB). Subsequently, liberated probe A is hybridized again with another Hp1 to start the next round of DNA recycling amplification by reusing probe A. This leads to the formation of plenty of MB-labeled DNA strands on the electrode surface and generates an amplified current. This 1:N probe-response amplification results in ultrasensitive and specific detection of EpCAM, with a 20 pg·mL −1 detection limit. The electrode is highly stable and regenerable. It was successfully applied to the determination of EpCAM in spiked human serum, urine and saliva, and thus provides a promising tool for early clinical diagnosis. Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of the electrochemical detection for EpCAM. The method is based on aptamer-based recognition and EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification. Hp1: Hairpin probe 1; Hp2: Hairpin probe 2; MB: Methylene blue; MCH: 6-Mercapto-1-hexanol; EpCAM: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule.
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