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Nutrient cycling in an agroforestry alley cropping system receiving poultry litter or nitrogen fertilizer

Optimal utilization of animal manures as a plant nutrient source should also prevent adverse impacts on water quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term poultry litter and N fertilizer application on nutrient cycling following establishment of an alley cropping system with easter... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 2015, Vol.101(2), pp.167-179
Main Author: Sauer, Thomas
Other Authors: Coblentz, Wayne , Thomas, Andrew , Brye, Kris , Brauer, David , Skinner, J. , Brahana, J. , DeFauw, Sherri , Hays, Phillip , Moffitt, David , Robinson, James , James, Travis , Hickie, Kevin
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1385-1314 ; E-ISSN: 1573-0867 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10705-014-9667-0
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10705-014-9667-0
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recordid: springer_jour10.1007/s10705-014-9667-0
title: Nutrient cycling in an agroforestry alley cropping system receiving poultry litter or nitrogen fertilizer
format: Article
creator:
  • Sauer, Thomas
  • Coblentz, Wayne
  • Thomas, Andrew
  • Brye, Kris
  • Brauer, David
  • Skinner, J.
  • Brahana, J.
  • DeFauw, Sherri
  • Hays, Phillip
  • Moffitt, David
  • Robinson, James
  • James, Travis
  • Hickie, Kevin
subjects:
  • Agroforestry
  • Poultry litter
  • Nutrient cycling
  • Eastern black walnut
  • Pecan
  • Northern red oak
  • Orchardgrass
ispartof: Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 2015, Vol.101(2), pp.167-179
description: Optimal utilization of animal manures as a plant nutrient source should also prevent adverse impacts on water quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term poultry litter and N fertilizer application on nutrient cycling following establishment of an alley cropping system with eastern black walnut ( Juglans nigra L.), pecan [ Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch], and northern red oak ( Quercus rubra L.) trees and orchardgrass ( Dactylis glomerata L.). One half of a 4.25-ha site in northwestern Arkansas USA received broadcast applications of 3.9–6.7 Mg ha −1 fresh poultry litter and the other half 50–76 kg ha −1 N as NH 4 NO 3 fertilizer each spring from 2001 to 2008. Macronutrient (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S) and micronutrient (Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) concentrations in soil, forage, and tree leaf tissue were monitored along with NO 3 -N in soil water and groundwater. Poultry litter application resulted in significantly increased concentrations of each macronutrient except S with increases from 6.3 (N) to 121 % (P). Nitrogen fertilizer application resulted in decreased concentrations from 2.1 (N) to 60.9 % (S) for all macronutrients except Ca. Patterns of nutrient content in forage and tree leaf tissue did not generally follow patterns of soil nutrient concentrations suggesting nutrient sufficiency in most years and that climate and plant growth had a greater effect on nutrient uptake. Soil P with litter application increased 41.3 mg kg −1 over 7 years (from 34.1 to 75.4), which may necessitate a lower litter application rate to avoid excessive P runoff.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1385-1314 ; E-ISSN: 1573-0867 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10705-014-9667-0
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1573-0867
  • 15730867
  • 1385-1314
  • 13851314
url: Link


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titleNutrient cycling in an agroforestry alley cropping system receiving poultry litter or nitrogen fertilizer
creatorSauer, Thomas ; Coblentz, Wayne ; Thomas, Andrew ; Brye, Kris ; Brauer, David ; Skinner, J. ; Brahana, J. ; DeFauw, Sherri ; Hays, Phillip ; Moffitt, David ; Robinson, James ; James, Travis ; Hickie, Kevin
ispartofNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 2015, Vol.101(2), pp.167-179
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subjectAgroforestry ; Poultry litter ; Nutrient cycling ; Eastern black walnut ; Pecan ; Northern red oak ; Orchardgrass
descriptionOptimal utilization of animal manures as a plant nutrient source should also prevent adverse impacts on water quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term poultry litter and N fertilizer application on nutrient cycling following establishment of an alley cropping system with eastern black walnut ( Juglans nigra L.), pecan [ Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch], and northern red oak ( Quercus rubra L.) trees and orchardgrass ( Dactylis glomerata L.). One half of a 4.25-ha site in northwestern Arkansas USA received broadcast applications of 3.9–6.7 Mg ha −1 fresh poultry litter and the other half 50–76 kg ha −1 N as NH 4 NO 3 fertilizer each spring from 2001 to 2008. Macronutrient (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S) and micronutrient (Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) concentrations in soil, forage, and tree leaf tissue were monitored along with NO 3 -N in soil water and groundwater. Poultry litter application resulted in significantly increased concentrations of each macronutrient except S with increases from 6.3 (N) to 121 % (P). Nitrogen fertilizer application resulted in decreased concentrations from 2.1 (N) to 60.9 % (S) for all macronutrients except Ca. Patterns of nutrient content in forage and tree leaf tissue did not generally follow patterns of soil nutrient concentrations suggesting nutrient sufficiency in most years and that climate and plant growth had a greater effect on nutrient uptake. Soil P with litter application increased 41.3 mg kg −1 over 7 years (from 34.1 to 75.4), which may necessitate a lower litter application rate to avoid excessive P runoff.
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titleNutrient cycling in an agroforestry alley cropping system receiving poultry litter or nitrogen fertilizer
descriptionOptimal utilization of animal manures as a plant nutrient source should also prevent adverse impacts on water quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term poultry litter and N fertilizer application on nutrient cycling following establishment of an alley cropping system with eastern black walnut ( Juglans nigra L.), pecan [ Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch], and northern red oak ( Quercus rubra L.) trees and orchardgrass ( Dactylis glomerata L.). One half of a 4.25-ha site in northwestern Arkansas USA received broadcast applications of 3.9–6.7 Mg ha −1 fresh poultry litter and the other half 50–76 kg ha −1 N as NH 4 NO 3 fertilizer each spring from 2001 to 2008. Macronutrient (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S) and micronutrient (Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) concentrations in soil, forage, and tree leaf tissue were monitored along with NO 3 -N in soil water and groundwater. Poultry litter application resulted in significantly increased concentrations of each macronutrient except S with increases from 6.3 (N) to 121 % (P). Nitrogen fertilizer application resulted in decreased concentrations from 2.1 (N) to 60.9 % (S) for all macronutrients except Ca. Patterns of nutrient content in forage and tree leaf tissue did not generally follow patterns of soil nutrient concentrations suggesting nutrient sufficiency in most years and that climate and plant growth had a greater effect on nutrient uptake. Soil P with litter application increased 41.3 mg kg −1 over 7 years (from 34.1 to 75.4), which may necessitate a lower litter application rate to avoid excessive P runoff.
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abstractOptimal utilization of animal manures as a plant nutrient source should also prevent adverse impacts on water quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term poultry litter and N fertilizer application on nutrient cycling following establishment of an alley cropping system with eastern black walnut ( Juglans nigra L.), pecan [ Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch], and northern red oak ( Quercus rubra L.) trees and orchardgrass ( Dactylis glomerata L.). One half of a 4.25-ha site in northwestern Arkansas USA received broadcast applications of 3.9–6.7 Mg ha −1 fresh poultry litter and the other half 50–76 kg ha −1 N as NH 4 NO 3 fertilizer each spring from 2001 to 2008. Macronutrient (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S) and micronutrient (Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu) concentrations in soil, forage, and tree leaf tissue were monitored along with NO 3 -N in soil water and groundwater. Poultry litter application resulted in significantly increased concentrations of each macronutrient except S with increases from 6.3 (N) to 121 % (P). Nitrogen fertilizer application resulted in decreased concentrations from 2.1 (N) to 60.9 % (S) for all macronutrients except Ca. Patterns of nutrient content in forage and tree leaf tissue did not generally follow patterns of soil nutrient concentrations suggesting nutrient sufficiency in most years and that climate and plant growth had a greater effect on nutrient uptake. Soil P with litter application increased 41.3 mg kg −1 over 7 years (from 34.1 to 75.4), which may necessitate a lower litter application rate to avoid excessive P runoff.
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doi10.1007/s10705-014-9667-0
pages167-179
date2015-03