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Synthesis, microstructure, and electrical behavior of (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 piezoelectric ceramics via a citric acid sol–gel method

Nanosize (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 precursor powders were prepared via the citric acid sol–gel method. The ceramics were sintered at 1100–1150 °C. All ceramics exhibit a single-phase perovskite structure. With increasing sintering temperature, the average size of grains in the samples chan... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Materials Science 2018, Vol.53(1), pp.274-284
Main Author: Jing, Rui-yi
Other Authors: Chen, Xiao-ming , Ma, Jia-ping , Lian, Han-li , Chen, Wei-ting
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10853-017-1492-9
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-1492-9
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recordid: springer_jour10.1007/s10853-017-1492-9
title: Synthesis, microstructure, and electrical behavior of (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 piezoelectric ceramics via a citric acid sol–gel method
format: Article
creator:
  • Jing, Rui-yi
  • Chen, Xiao-ming
  • Ma, Jia-ping
  • Lian, Han-li
  • Chen, Wei-ting
subjects:
  • Materials Science
  • Materials Science, General
  • Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
  • Polymer Sciences
  • Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials
  • Crystallography and Scattering Methods
  • Classical Mechanics
  • Engineering
ispartof: Journal of Materials Science, 2018, Vol.53(1), pp.274-284
description: Nanosize (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 precursor powders were prepared via the citric acid sol–gel method. The ceramics were sintered at 1100–1150 °C. All ceramics exhibit a single-phase perovskite structure. With increasing sintering temperature, the average size of grains in the samples changes slightly from 0.3 to 0.5 µm. All ceramics show obvious dielectric dispersion. Activation energy values were obtained via impedance, electric modulus, and conductivity, respectively, which are in the range of 0.60–1.06 eV. Compared to ceramics synthesized by solid-state reaction method, the as-synthesized samples are fine-grained and have high depolarization temperature and excellent temperature stability of the piezoelectric constant ( d 33 ). The d 33 value of the sample sintered at 1120 °C remains as high as 119 pC N −1 with increasing annealing temperature to 115 °C, whereas the reduced amplitude of d 33 is only approximately 3%.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10853-017-1492-9
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1573-4803
  • 15734803
  • 0022-2461
  • 00222461
url: Link


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titleSynthesis, microstructure, and electrical behavior of (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 piezoelectric ceramics via a citric acid sol–gel method
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descriptionNanosize (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 precursor powders were prepared via the citric acid sol–gel method. The ceramics were sintered at 1100–1150 °C. All ceramics exhibit a single-phase perovskite structure. With increasing sintering temperature, the average size of grains in the samples changes slightly from 0.3 to 0.5 µm. All ceramics show obvious dielectric dispersion. Activation energy values were obtained via impedance, electric modulus, and conductivity, respectively, which are in the range of 0.60–1.06 eV. Compared to ceramics synthesized by solid-state reaction method, the as-synthesized samples are fine-grained and have high depolarization temperature and excellent temperature stability of the piezoelectric constant ( d 33 ). The d 33 value of the sample sintered at 1120 °C remains as high as 119 pC N −1 with increasing annealing temperature to 115 °C, whereas the reduced amplitude of d 33 is only approximately 3%.
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titleSynthesis, microstructure, and electrical behavior of (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 piezoelectric ceramics via a citric acid sol–gel method
descriptionNanosize (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 precursor powders were prepared via the citric acid sol–gel method. The ceramics were sintered at 1100–1150 °C. All ceramics exhibit a single-phase perovskite structure. With increasing sintering temperature, the average size of grains in the samples changes slightly from 0.3 to 0.5 µm. All ceramics show obvious dielectric dispersion. Activation energy values were obtained via impedance, electric modulus, and conductivity, respectively, which are in the range of 0.60–1.06 eV. Compared to ceramics synthesized by solid-state reaction method, the as-synthesized samples are fine-grained and have high depolarization temperature and excellent temperature stability of the piezoelectric constant ( d 33 ). The d 33 value of the sample sintered at 1120 °C remains as high as 119 pC N −1 with increasing annealing temperature to 115 °C, whereas the reduced amplitude of d 33 is only approximately 3%.
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abstractNanosize (Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 ) 0.94 Ba 0.06 TiO 3 precursor powders were prepared via the citric acid sol–gel method. The ceramics were sintered at 1100–1150 °C. All ceramics exhibit a single-phase perovskite structure. With increasing sintering temperature, the average size of grains in the samples changes slightly from 0.3 to 0.5 µm. All ceramics show obvious dielectric dispersion. Activation energy values were obtained via impedance, electric modulus, and conductivity, respectively, which are in the range of 0.60–1.06 eV. Compared to ceramics synthesized by solid-state reaction method, the as-synthesized samples are fine-grained and have high depolarization temperature and excellent temperature stability of the piezoelectric constant ( d 33 ). The d 33 value of the sample sintered at 1120 °C remains as high as 119 pC N −1 with increasing annealing temperature to 115 °C, whereas the reduced amplitude of d 33 is only approximately 3%.
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