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Influences of intratidal variations in density field on the subtidal currents: Implication from a synchronized observation by multiships and a diagnostic calculation

Using synchronous observational water temperature and salinity data collected simultaneously by 21 ships in summer and a three‐dimensional robust diagnostic model, we calculated the density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), a semienclosed bay in the Yellow Sea. Special attention was paid to the... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans March 2014, Vol.119(3), pp.2017-2033
Main Author: Cai, Zhongya
Other Authors: Liu, Zhe , Guo, Xinyu , Gao, Huiwang , Wang, Qiang
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 2169-9275 ; E-ISSN: 2169-9291 ; DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009262
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title: Influences of intratidal variations in density field on the subtidal currents: Implication from a synchronized observation by multiships and a diagnostic calculation
format: Article
creator:
  • Cai, Zhongya
  • Liu, Zhe
  • Guo, Xinyu
  • Gao, Huiwang
  • Wang, Qiang
subjects:
  • Coastal Density‐Driven Current
  • Robust Baroclinic Model
  • Synchronous Observation Data
  • Jiaozhou Bay
ispartof: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, March 2014, Vol.119(3), pp.2017-2033
description: Using synchronous observational water temperature and salinity data collected simultaneously by 21 ships in summer and a three‐dimensional robust diagnostic model, we calculated the density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), a semienclosed bay in the Yellow Sea. Special attention was paid to the influences of intratidal variations in temperature and salinity on the density‐driven current. The density‐driven current in JZB has a maximum speed of ∼0.1 m s and is stronger than the tide‐induced residual current in some places. The density‐driven current is characterized by the intrusion of high‐density (low‐density) water in deep (shallow) areas. The results of the diagnostic model depend heavily on the observational data. For example, the density‐driven current calculated from nonsynchronous data obtained by one ship at the same 21 stations is not consistent with that calculated from synchronous data because the nonsynchronous data correspond to different tidal phases at different stations. The intratidal variations of the density field result in a false spatial variation of density in the nonsynchronous data, which induces a false density‐driven current that is of the same order as that calculated from the synchronous data. In contrast, the tidally averaged water temperature and salinity, which were used to remove intratidal variations from the synchronous data, diagnosed a density‐driven current consistent with that from synchronous data. We, therefore, conclude that it is not necessary to explicitly resolve the intratidal variations in density in the calculation of density‐driven current, but it is necessary to remove intratidal variations in the density field before the calculation. The density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay was simulated by a diagnostic model The results by nonsynchronous data are quite different with synchronous data The results by tidally averaged data are consistent with synchronous data
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 2169-9275 ; E-ISSN: 2169-9291 ; DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009262
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 2169-9275
  • 21699275
  • 2169-9291
  • 21699291
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titleInfluences of intratidal variations in density field on the subtidal currents: Implication from a synchronized observation by multiships and a diagnostic calculation
creatorCai, Zhongya ; Liu, Zhe ; Guo, Xinyu ; Gao, Huiwang ; Wang, Qiang
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subjectCoastal Density‐Driven Current ; Robust Baroclinic Model ; Synchronous Observation Data ; Jiaozhou Bay
descriptionUsing synchronous observational water temperature and salinity data collected simultaneously by 21 ships in summer and a three‐dimensional robust diagnostic model, we calculated the density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), a semienclosed bay in the Yellow Sea. Special attention was paid to the influences of intratidal variations in temperature and salinity on the density‐driven current. The density‐driven current in JZB has a maximum speed of ∼0.1 m s and is stronger than the tide‐induced residual current in some places. The density‐driven current is characterized by the intrusion of high‐density (low‐density) water in deep (shallow) areas. The results of the diagnostic model depend heavily on the observational data. For example, the density‐driven current calculated from nonsynchronous data obtained by one ship at the same 21 stations is not consistent with that calculated from synchronous data because the nonsynchronous data correspond to different tidal phases at different stations. The intratidal variations of the density field result in a false spatial variation of density in the nonsynchronous data, which induces a false density‐driven current that is of the same order as that calculated from the synchronous data. In contrast, the tidally averaged water temperature and salinity, which were used to remove intratidal variations from the synchronous data, diagnosed a density‐driven current consistent with that from synchronous data. We, therefore, conclude that it is not necessary to explicitly resolve the intratidal variations in density in the calculation of density‐driven current, but it is necessary to remove intratidal variations in the density field before the calculation. The density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay was simulated by a diagnostic model The results by nonsynchronous data are quite different with synchronous data The results by tidally averaged data are consistent with synchronous data
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titleInfluences of intratidal variations in density field on the subtidal currents: Implication from a synchronized observation by multiships and a diagnostic calculation
descriptionUsing synchronous observational water temperature and salinity data collected simultaneously by 21 ships in summer and a three‐dimensional robust diagnostic model, we calculated the density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), a semienclosed bay in the Yellow Sea. Special attention was paid to the influences of intratidal variations in temperature and salinity on the density‐driven current. The density‐driven current in JZB has a maximum speed of ∼0.1 m s and is stronger than the tide‐induced residual current in some places. The density‐driven current is characterized by the intrusion of high‐density (low‐density) water in deep (shallow) areas. The results of the diagnostic model depend heavily on the observational data. For example, the density‐driven current calculated from nonsynchronous data obtained by one ship at the same 21 stations is not consistent with that calculated from synchronous data because the nonsynchronous data correspond to different tidal phases at different stations. The intratidal variations of the density field result in a false spatial variation of density in the nonsynchronous data, which induces a false density‐driven current that is of the same order as that calculated from the synchronous data. In contrast, the tidally averaged water temperature and salinity, which were used to remove intratidal variations from the synchronous data, diagnosed a density‐driven current consistent with that from synchronous data. We, therefore, conclude that it is not necessary to explicitly resolve the intratidal variations in density in the calculation of density‐driven current, but it is necessary to remove intratidal variations in the density field before the calculation. The density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay was simulated by a diagnostic model The results by nonsynchronous data are quite different with synchronous data The results by tidally averaged data are consistent with synchronous data
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abstractUsing synchronous observational water temperature and salinity data collected simultaneously by 21 ships in summer and a three‐dimensional robust diagnostic model, we calculated the density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), a semienclosed bay in the Yellow Sea. Special attention was paid to the influences of intratidal variations in temperature and salinity on the density‐driven current. The density‐driven current in JZB has a maximum speed of ∼0.1 m s and is stronger than the tide‐induced residual current in some places. The density‐driven current is characterized by the intrusion of high‐density (low‐density) water in deep (shallow) areas. The results of the diagnostic model depend heavily on the observational data. For example, the density‐driven current calculated from nonsynchronous data obtained by one ship at the same 21 stations is not consistent with that calculated from synchronous data because the nonsynchronous data correspond to different tidal phases at different stations. The intratidal variations of the density field result in a false spatial variation of density in the nonsynchronous data, which induces a false density‐driven current that is of the same order as that calculated from the synchronous data. In contrast, the tidally averaged water temperature and salinity, which were used to remove intratidal variations from the synchronous data, diagnosed a density‐driven current consistent with that from synchronous data. We, therefore, conclude that it is not necessary to explicitly resolve the intratidal variations in density in the calculation of density‐driven current, but it is necessary to remove intratidal variations in the density field before the calculation. The density‐driven current in Jiaozhou Bay was simulated by a diagnostic model The results by nonsynchronous data are quite different with synchronous data The results by tidally averaged data are consistent with synchronous data
doi10.1002/2013JC009262
pages2017-2033
date2014-03