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High‐flow nylon 6 by in situ polymerization: Synthesis and characterization

A new synthetic strategy for high‐flow nylon 6 was developed in this article. Generation 1, 2, 3 (G1, G2, G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers reacted with ‐phthalic acid by equimolar terminal groups in water solution, respectively, and mother salt solution was then prepared. The high‐flow nylon 6... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Applied Polymer Science 15 May 2008, Vol.108(4), pp.2365-2372
Main Author: Zhang, Fan
Other Authors: Zhou, Li , Liu, Yaochi , Xu, Weijian , Xiong, Yuanqin
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0021-8995 ; E-ISSN: 1097-4628 ; DOI: 10.1002/app.27635
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recordid: wj10.1002/app.27635
title: High‐flow nylon 6 by in situ polymerization: Synthesis and characterization
format: Article
creator:
  • Zhang, Fan
  • Zhou, Li
  • Liu, Yaochi
  • Xu, Weijian
  • Xiong, Yuanqin
subjects:
  • Nylon 6
  • Processing
  • High Flowability
  • Pamam Dendrimers
ispartof: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 15 May 2008, Vol.108(4), pp.2365-2372
description: A new synthetic strategy for high‐flow nylon 6 was developed in this article. Generation 1, 2, 3 (G1, G2, G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers reacted with ‐phthalic acid by equimolar terminal groups in water solution, respectively, and mother salt solution was then prepared. The high‐flow nylon 6 was prepared with suitable quantity of mother salt solution, end‐capping agent, and ϵ‐caprolactam by polymerization. Blue shifts are found for the peaks of NH (γNH and 2δNH) of the high‐flow nylon 6 compared with pure nylon 6 in the IR spectra. Comparing with the pure nylon 6, the high‐flow nylon 6 containing low content of PAMAM units, has high‐flow property and almost the same mechanical property. The high‐flow nylon 6 with low content of PAMAM units has greater melt‐flow index (MFI) (the value of MFI increased by 70–90%). Hardly any decrease in the tensile strength is observed with the elongation at break decreasing by 20–35%. But the izod impact strength of the high‐flow nylon 6 increases. The SEM images show that the high‐flow nylon 6 presents brittle fracture with conglomeration‐like structure, while pure nylon 6 exhibits plastic fracture with island‐like structure. DSC thermograms of nonisothermal crystallization exhibit that the peak of high‐flow nylon 6 broadens compared with pure nylon 6, and the broader peak means the wider processing temperature. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0021-8995 ; E-ISSN: 1097-4628 ; DOI: 10.1002/app.27635
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0021-8995
  • 00218995
  • 1097-4628
  • 10974628
url: Link


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titleHigh‐flow nylon 6 by in situ polymerization: Synthesis and characterization
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subjectNylon 6 ; Processing ; High Flowability ; Pamam Dendrimers
descriptionA new synthetic strategy for high‐flow nylon 6 was developed in this article. Generation 1, 2, 3 (G1, G2, G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers reacted with ‐phthalic acid by equimolar terminal groups in water solution, respectively, and mother salt solution was then prepared. The high‐flow nylon 6 was prepared with suitable quantity of mother salt solution, end‐capping agent, and ϵ‐caprolactam by polymerization. Blue shifts are found for the peaks of NH (γNH and 2δNH) of the high‐flow nylon 6 compared with pure nylon 6 in the IR spectra. Comparing with the pure nylon 6, the high‐flow nylon 6 containing low content of PAMAM units, has high‐flow property and almost the same mechanical property. The high‐flow nylon 6 with low content of PAMAM units has greater melt‐flow index (MFI) (the value of MFI increased by 70–90%). Hardly any decrease in the tensile strength is observed with the elongation at break decreasing by 20–35%. But the izod impact strength of the high‐flow nylon 6 increases. The SEM images show that the high‐flow nylon 6 presents brittle fracture with conglomeration‐like structure, while pure nylon 6 exhibits plastic fracture with island‐like structure. DSC thermograms of nonisothermal crystallization exhibit that the peak of high‐flow nylon 6 broadens compared with pure nylon 6, and the broader peak means the wider processing temperature. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008
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titleHigh‐flow nylon 6 by in situ polymerization: Synthesis and characterization
descriptionA new synthetic strategy for high‐flow nylon 6 was developed in this article. Generation 1, 2, 3 (G1, G2, G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers reacted with ‐phthalic acid by equimolar terminal groups in water solution, respectively, and mother salt solution was then prepared. The high‐flow nylon 6 was prepared with suitable quantity of mother salt solution, end‐capping agent, and ϵ‐caprolactam by polymerization. Blue shifts are found for the peaks of NH (γNH and 2δNH) of the high‐flow nylon 6 compared with pure nylon 6 in the IR spectra. Comparing with the pure nylon 6, the high‐flow nylon 6 containing low content of PAMAM units, has high‐flow property and almost the same mechanical property. The high‐flow nylon 6 with low content of PAMAM units has greater melt‐flow index (MFI) (the value of MFI increased by 70–90%). Hardly any decrease in the tensile strength is observed with the elongation at break decreasing by 20–35%. But the izod impact strength of the high‐flow nylon 6 increases. The SEM images show that the high‐flow nylon 6 presents brittle fracture with conglomeration‐like structure, while pure nylon 6 exhibits plastic fracture with island‐like structure. DSC thermograms of nonisothermal crystallization exhibit that the peak of high‐flow nylon 6 broadens compared with pure nylon 6, and the broader peak means the wider processing temperature. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008
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abstractA new synthetic strategy for high‐flow nylon 6 was developed in this article. Generation 1, 2, 3 (G1, G2, G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers reacted with ‐phthalic acid by equimolar terminal groups in water solution, respectively, and mother salt solution was then prepared. The high‐flow nylon 6 was prepared with suitable quantity of mother salt solution, end‐capping agent, and ϵ‐caprolactam by polymerization. Blue shifts are found for the peaks of NH (γNH and 2δNH) of the high‐flow nylon 6 compared with pure nylon 6 in the IR spectra. Comparing with the pure nylon 6, the high‐flow nylon 6 containing low content of PAMAM units, has high‐flow property and almost the same mechanical property. The high‐flow nylon 6 with low content of PAMAM units has greater melt‐flow index (MFI) (the value of MFI increased by 70–90%). Hardly any decrease in the tensile strength is observed with the elongation at break decreasing by 20–35%. But the izod impact strength of the high‐flow nylon 6 increases. The SEM images show that the high‐flow nylon 6 presents brittle fracture with conglomeration‐like structure, while pure nylon 6 exhibits plastic fracture with island‐like structure. DSC thermograms of nonisothermal crystallization exhibit that the peak of high‐flow nylon 6 broadens compared with pure nylon 6, and the broader peak means the wider processing temperature. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008
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pubWiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
doi10.1002/app.27635
pages2365-2372
date2008-05-15