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Isothermal crystallization behavior and crystal structure of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters

Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol (EG) to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated by their isothermal crystallization beh... Full description

Journal Title: Crystal Research and Technology April 2014, Vol.49(4), pp.232-243
Main Author: Chen, Tingting
Other Authors: Jiang, Guodong , Zhang, Jun
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 0232-1300 ; E-ISSN: 1521-4079 ; DOI: 10.1002/crat.201300369
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recordid: wj10.1002/crat.201300369
title: Isothermal crystallization behavior and crystal structure of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters
format: Article
creator:
  • Chen, Tingting
  • Jiang, Guodong
  • Zhang, Jun
subjects:
  • Copolyesters
  • Isothermal Crystallization Behavior
  • Transparency
  • Crystal Structure
  • Morphology
ispartof: Crystal Research and Technology, April 2014, Vol.49(4), pp.232-243
description: Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol (EG) to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated by their isothermal crystallization behavior, transparency, crystal structure and morphology changes in different isothermal crystallization process using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), digital photos, wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXD) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The results revealed that P(ET/CT) copolyesters with ≤ 15 mol% 1,4‐CHDM and ≥ 50 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, such as P(ET/CT)(85/15), P(ET/CT)(50/50) and P(ET/CT)(30/70), were crystallizable, while that with 30 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, namely P(ET/CT)(70/30), was amorphous. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process, i.e. it first decreased and then increased remarkably with the increase of 1,4‐CHDM content. Accordingly, the crystal structure of these copolyesters changed from PET‐type lattice to PCT‐type lattice when the copolyester with around 30 mol% 1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate (CT) unit. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET. But small and grainy crystallites appeared with further increase in the 1,4‐CHDM content. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethano (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated using a variety of techniques. They were found crystaline in a specific range of that ratio, and amorphous outside of this range. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process with a corresponding change in crystal structure. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0232-1300 ; E-ISSN: 1521-4079 ; DOI: 10.1002/crat.201300369
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0232-1300
  • 02321300
  • 1521-4079
  • 15214079
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titleIsothermal crystallization behavior and crystal structure of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters
creatorChen, Tingting ; Jiang, Guodong ; Zhang, Jun
ispartofCrystal Research and Technology, April 2014, Vol.49(4), pp.232-243
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subjectCopolyesters ; Isothermal Crystallization Behavior ; Transparency ; Crystal Structure ; Morphology
descriptionPoly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol (EG) to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated by their isothermal crystallization behavior, transparency, crystal structure and morphology changes in different isothermal crystallization process using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), digital photos, wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXD) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The results revealed that P(ET/CT) copolyesters with ≤ 15 mol% 1,4‐CHDM and ≥ 50 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, such as P(ET/CT)(85/15), P(ET/CT)(50/50) and P(ET/CT)(30/70), were crystallizable, while that with 30 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, namely P(ET/CT)(70/30), was amorphous. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process, i.e. it first decreased and then increased remarkably with the increase of 1,4‐CHDM content. Accordingly, the crystal structure of these copolyesters changed from PET‐type lattice to PCT‐type lattice when the copolyester with around 30 mol% 1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate (CT) unit. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET. But small and grainy crystallites appeared with further increase in the 1,4‐CHDM content. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethano (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated using a variety of techniques. They were found crystaline in a specific range of that ratio, and amorphous outside of this range. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process with a corresponding change in crystal structure. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET.
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titleIsothermal crystallization behavior and crystal structure of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters
descriptionPoly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol (EG) to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated by their isothermal crystallization behavior, transparency, crystal structure and morphology changes in different isothermal crystallization process using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), digital photos, wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXD) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The results revealed that P(ET/CT) copolyesters with ≤ 15 mol% 1,4‐CHDM and ≥ 50 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, such as P(ET/CT)(85/15), P(ET/CT)(50/50) and P(ET/CT)(30/70), were crystallizable, while that with 30 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, namely P(ET/CT)(70/30), was amorphous. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process, i.e. it first decreased and then increased remarkably with the increase of 1,4‐CHDM content. Accordingly, the crystal structure of these copolyesters changed from PET‐type lattice to PCT‐type lattice when the copolyester with around 30 mol% 1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate (CT) unit. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET. But small and grainy crystallites appeared with further increase in the 1,4‐CHDM content. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethano (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated using a variety of techniques. They were found crystaline in a specific range of that ratio, and amorphous outside of this range. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process with a corresponding change in crystal structure. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET.
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abstractPoly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) (P(ET/CT)) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol (EG) to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethanol (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated by their isothermal crystallization behavior, transparency, crystal structure and morphology changes in different isothermal crystallization process using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), digital photos, wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXD) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The results revealed that P(ET/CT) copolyesters with ≤ 15 mol% 1,4‐CHDM and ≥ 50 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, such as P(ET/CT)(85/15), P(ET/CT)(50/50) and P(ET/CT)(30/70), were crystallizable, while that with 30 mol% 1,4‐CHDM, namely P(ET/CT)(70/30), was amorphous. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process, i.e. it first decreased and then increased remarkably with the increase of 1,4‐CHDM content. Accordingly, the crystal structure of these copolyesters changed from PET‐type lattice to PCT‐type lattice when the copolyester with around 30 mol% 1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate (CT) unit. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET. But small and grainy crystallites appeared with further increase in the 1,4‐CHDM content. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate‐co‐1,4‐cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate) copolyesters with different molar ratios of ethylene glycol to 1,4‐cyclohexanedimethano (1,4‐CHDM) were investigated using a variety of techniques. They were found crystaline in a specific range of that ratio, and amorphous outside of this range. The crystallization rate, crystallinity and transparency of these copolyesters underwent the same isothermal crystallization process with a corresponding change in crystal structure. Interestingly, the small incorporation of 1,4‐CHDM into PET could lead to the formation of larger spherulite crystals than that of PET.
doi10.1002/crat.201300369
pages232-243
date2014-04