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Hierarchical Graphene‐Scaffolded Silicon/Graphite Composites as High Performance Anodes for Lithium‐Ion Batteries

To better couple with commercial cathodes, such as LiCoO and LiFePO, graphite‐based composites containing a small proportion of silicon are recognized as promising anodes for practical application in lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). However, the prepared Si/C composite still suffers from either rapid c... Full description

Journal Title: Small November 2018, Vol.14(47), pp.n/a-n/a
Main Author: Zhu, Shanshan
Other Authors: Zhou, Jianbin , Guan, Yong , Cai, Wenlong , Zhao, Yingyue , Zhu, Yuanchao , Zhu, Linqin , Zhu, Yongchun , Qian, Yitai
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ID: ISSN: 1613-6810 ; E-ISSN: 1613-6829 ; DOI: 10.1002/smll.201802457
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recordid: wj10.1002/smll.201802457
title: Hierarchical Graphene‐Scaffolded Silicon/Graphite Composites as High Performance Anodes for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
format: Article
creator:
  • Zhu, Shanshan
  • Zhou, Jianbin
  • Guan, Yong
  • Cai, Wenlong
  • Zhao, Yingyue
  • Zhu, Yuanchao
  • Zhu, Linqin
  • Zhu, Yongchun
  • Qian, Yitai
subjects:
  • Anodes
  • Graphite
  • Hierarchical Graphene
  • Lithium‐Ion Batteries
  • Silicon
ispartof: Small, November 2018, Vol.14(47), pp.n/a-n/a
description: To better couple with commercial cathodes, such as LiCoO and LiFePO, graphite‐based composites containing a small proportion of silicon are recognized as promising anodes for practical application in lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). However, the prepared Si/C composite still suffers from either rapid capacity fading or the high cost up to now. Here, the facile preparation of hierarchical graphene‐scaffolded silicon/graphite composite is reported. In this designed 3D structure, Si nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed on commercial graphites and then uniformly encapsulated in the hierarchical graphene scaffold. This hierarchical structure is also well characterized by the synchrotron X‐ray computed nanotomography technique. When evaluated as anodes for LIBs, the hierarchical composite, with the Si weight ratio of 5 wt%, exhibits a reversible capacity of 559 mA h g at 75 mA g, suggesting an unprecedented utilization of Si up to 95%. Even at 372 mA g, the composite can still maintain a high capacity retention of 90% after 100 cycles. Coupled with the LiFePO cathode, the full cell shows the high capacity of 114 mA h g at 170 mA g. The excellent Li‐storage properties can be ascribed to the unique designed hierarchical structure. are studied as anodes for lithium‐ion batteries. In the unique hierarchical structure, the Si/graphite composite are encapsulated tightly in the 3D graphene scaffold. The composite containing 5 wt% of Si exhibits an unprecedented utilization ratio of Si and maintains a highly reversible capacity of 445 mA h g even after 300 cycles.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1613-6810 ; E-ISSN: 1613-6829 ; DOI: 10.1002/smll.201802457
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1613-6810
  • 16136810
  • 1613-6829
  • 16136829
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titleHierarchical Graphene‐Scaffolded Silicon/Graphite Composites as High Performance Anodes for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
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descriptionTo better couple with commercial cathodes, such as LiCoO and LiFePO, graphite‐based composites containing a small proportion of silicon are recognized as promising anodes for practical application in lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). However, the prepared Si/C composite still suffers from either rapid capacity fading or the high cost up to now. Here, the facile preparation of hierarchical graphene‐scaffolded silicon/graphite composite is reported. In this designed 3D structure, Si nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed on commercial graphites and then uniformly encapsulated in the hierarchical graphene scaffold. This hierarchical structure is also well characterized by the synchrotron X‐ray computed nanotomography technique. When evaluated as anodes for LIBs, the hierarchical composite, with the Si weight ratio of 5 wt%, exhibits a reversible capacity of 559 mA h g at 75 mA g, suggesting an unprecedented utilization of Si up to 95%. Even at 372 mA g, the composite can still maintain a high capacity retention of 90% after 100 cycles. Coupled with the LiFePO cathode, the full cell shows the high capacity of 114 mA h g at 170 mA g. The excellent Li‐storage properties can be ascribed to the unique designed hierarchical structure. are studied as anodes for lithium‐ion batteries. In the unique hierarchical structure, the Si/graphite composite are encapsulated tightly in the 3D graphene scaffold. The composite containing 5 wt% of Si exhibits an unprecedented utilization ratio of Si and maintains a highly reversible capacity of 445 mA h g even after 300 cycles.
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titleHierarchical Graphene‐Scaffolded Silicon/Graphite Composites as High Performance Anodes for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
descriptionTo better couple with commercial cathodes, such as LiCoO and LiFePO, graphite‐based composites containing a small proportion of silicon are recognized as promising anodes for practical application in lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). However, the prepared Si/C composite still suffers from either rapid capacity fading or the high cost up to now. Here, the facile preparation of hierarchical graphene‐scaffolded silicon/graphite composite is reported. In this designed 3D structure, Si nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed on commercial graphites and then uniformly encapsulated in the hierarchical graphene scaffold. This hierarchical structure is also well characterized by the synchrotron X‐ray computed nanotomography technique. When evaluated as anodes for LIBs, the hierarchical composite, with the Si weight ratio of 5 wt%, exhibits a reversible capacity of 559 mA h g at 75 mA g, suggesting an unprecedented utilization of Si up to 95%. Even at 372 mA g, the composite can still maintain a high capacity retention of 90% after 100 cycles. Coupled with the LiFePO cathode, the full cell shows the high capacity of 114 mA h g at 170 mA g. The excellent Li‐storage properties can be ascribed to the unique designed hierarchical structure. are studied as anodes for lithium‐ion batteries. In the unique hierarchical structure, the Si/graphite composite are encapsulated tightly in the 3D graphene scaffold. The composite containing 5 wt% of Si exhibits an unprecedented utilization ratio of Si and maintains a highly reversible capacity of 445 mA h g even after 300 cycles.
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abstractTo better couple with commercial cathodes, such as LiCoO and LiFePO, graphite‐based composites containing a small proportion of silicon are recognized as promising anodes for practical application in lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). However, the prepared Si/C composite still suffers from either rapid capacity fading or the high cost up to now. Here, the facile preparation of hierarchical graphene‐scaffolded silicon/graphite composite is reported. In this designed 3D structure, Si nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed on commercial graphites and then uniformly encapsulated in the hierarchical graphene scaffold. This hierarchical structure is also well characterized by the synchrotron X‐ray computed nanotomography technique. When evaluated as anodes for LIBs, the hierarchical composite, with the Si weight ratio of 5 wt%, exhibits a reversible capacity of 559 mA h g at 75 mA g, suggesting an unprecedented utilization of Si up to 95%. Even at 372 mA g, the composite can still maintain a high capacity retention of 90% after 100 cycles. Coupled with the LiFePO cathode, the full cell shows the high capacity of 114 mA h g at 170 mA g. The excellent Li‐storage properties can be ascribed to the unique designed hierarchical structure. are studied as anodes for lithium‐ion batteries. In the unique hierarchical structure, the Si/graphite composite are encapsulated tightly in the 3D graphene scaffold. The composite containing 5 wt% of Si exhibits an unprecedented utilization ratio of Si and maintains a highly reversible capacity of 445 mA h g even after 300 cycles.
doi10.1002/smll.201802457
pages1-9
date2018-11