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Synthesis and Physicochemical Investigation of Novel Quaternary Ammonium Salt Cationic Gemini Surfactant Derived from Cyanuric Chloride

Three novel quaternary ammonium salt cationic gemini surfactants (QAS –– where n represents the hydrocarbon chain lengths of aliphatic amine, i.e., 6, 8, 12) were synthesized from 2,4,6–trichloro–1,3,5–triazine, ethylenediamine, ,–dimethylpropane–1, 3–diamine and benzyl chloride. H‐NMR, C‐NMR, ESI–M... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Surfactants and Detergents July 2012, Vol.15(4), pp.457-462
Main Author: Wang, Hushan
Other Authors: Zhang, Tingting , Hu, Zhiyong , Xue, Chunli , Cao, Duanlin
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 1097-3958 ; E-ISSN: 1558-9293 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11743-011-1322-z
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recordid: wj10.1007/s11743-011-1322-z
title: Synthesis and Physicochemical Investigation of Novel Quaternary Ammonium Salt Cationic Gemini Surfactant Derived from Cyanuric Chloride
format: Article
creator:
  • Wang, Hushan
  • Zhang, Tingting
  • Hu, Zhiyong
  • Xue, Chunli
  • Cao, Duanlin
subjects:
  • Gemini Surfactants
  • Synthesis
  • Cationic Surfactant
  • Surface Activity
ispartof: Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, July 2012, Vol.15(4), pp.457-462
description: Three novel quaternary ammonium salt cationic gemini surfactants (QAS –– where n represents the hydrocarbon chain lengths of aliphatic amine, i.e., 6, 8, 12) were synthesized from 2,4,6–trichloro–1,3,5–triazine, ethylenediamine, ,–dimethylpropane–1, 3–diamine and benzyl chloride. H‐NMR, C‐NMR, ESI–MS spectra and elemental analysis were used to confirm the chemical structures of the prepared compounds. Their critical micelle concentrations (CMC) in the aqueous solutions were determined by surface–tension, electrical conductivity and steady–state fluorescence methods respectively. With the increasing length of the hydrophobic chain, the values of their CMC decreased. The values of CMC, , , Г, and were derived from surface tension measurements, while the thermodynamic parameters of micellization (∆ and ∆) were determined by electrical conductivity. These properties are significantly influenced by the hydrophobic chain length.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1097-3958 ; E-ISSN: 1558-9293 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11743-011-1322-z
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1097-3958
  • 10973958
  • 1558-9293
  • 15589293
url: Link


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titleSynthesis and Physicochemical Investigation of Novel Quaternary Ammonium Salt Cationic Gemini Surfactant Derived from Cyanuric Chloride
creatorWang, Hushan ; Zhang, Tingting ; Hu, Zhiyong ; Xue, Chunli ; Cao, Duanlin
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subjectGemini Surfactants ; Synthesis ; Cationic Surfactant ; Surface Activity
descriptionThree novel quaternary ammonium salt cationic gemini surfactants (QAS –– where n represents the hydrocarbon chain lengths of aliphatic amine, i.e., 6, 8, 12) were synthesized from 2,4,6–trichloro–1,3,5–triazine, ethylenediamine, ,–dimethylpropane–1, 3–diamine and benzyl chloride. H‐NMR, C‐NMR, ESI–MS spectra and elemental analysis were used to confirm the chemical structures of the prepared compounds. Their critical micelle concentrations (CMC) in the aqueous solutions were determined by surface–tension, electrical conductivity and steady–state fluorescence methods respectively. With the increasing length of the hydrophobic chain, the values of their CMC decreased. The values of CMC, , , Г, and were derived from surface tension measurements, while the thermodynamic parameters of micellization (∆ and ∆) were determined by electrical conductivity. These properties are significantly influenced by the hydrophobic chain length.
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titleSynthesis and Physicochemical Investigation of Novel Quaternary Ammonium Salt Cationic Gemini Surfactant Derived from Cyanuric Chloride
descriptionThree novel quaternary ammonium salt cationic gemini surfactants (QAS –– where n represents the hydrocarbon chain lengths of aliphatic amine, i.e., 6, 8, 12) were synthesized from 2,4,6–trichloro–1,3,5–triazine, ethylenediamine, ,–dimethylpropane–1, 3–diamine and benzyl chloride. H‐NMR, C‐NMR, ESI–MS spectra and elemental analysis were used to confirm the chemical structures of the prepared compounds. Their critical micelle concentrations (CMC) in the aqueous solutions were determined by surface–tension, electrical conductivity and steady–state fluorescence methods respectively. With the increasing length of the hydrophobic chain, the values of their CMC decreased. The values of CMC, , , Г, and were derived from surface tension measurements, while the thermodynamic parameters of micellization (∆ and ∆) were determined by electrical conductivity. These properties are significantly influenced by the hydrophobic chain length.
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titleSynthesis and Physicochemical Investigation of Novel Quaternary Ammonium Salt Cationic Gemini Surfactant Derived from Cyanuric Chloride
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abstractThree novel quaternary ammonium salt cationic gemini surfactants (QAS –– where n represents the hydrocarbon chain lengths of aliphatic amine, i.e., 6, 8, 12) were synthesized from 2,4,6–trichloro–1,3,5–triazine, ethylenediamine, ,–dimethylpropane–1, 3–diamine and benzyl chloride. H‐NMR, C‐NMR, ESI–MS spectra and elemental analysis were used to confirm the chemical structures of the prepared compounds. Their critical micelle concentrations (CMC) in the aqueous solutions were determined by surface–tension, electrical conductivity and steady–state fluorescence methods respectively. With the increasing length of the hydrophobic chain, the values of their CMC decreased. The values of CMC, , , Г, and were derived from surface tension measurements, while the thermodynamic parameters of micellization (∆ and ∆) were determined by electrical conductivity. These properties are significantly influenced by the hydrophobic chain length.
copBerlin/Heidelberg
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doi10.1007/s11743-011-1322-z
pages457-462
date2012-07