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Effects of Alcohol Withdrawal on 24 Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Among Alcohol‐Dependent Patients

Although epidemiologic studies have reported an association between alcohol intake and high blood pressure (BP), the results of intervention studies have shown inconsistent results. We embarked on a study to determine whether different subgroups of alcohol‐dependent patients may be identified in rel... Full description

Journal Title: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research December 2003, Vol.27(12), pp.2002-2008
Main Author: Estruch, Ramón
Other Authors: Sacanella, Emilio , Sierra, Alejandro , Aguilera, María Teresa , Antúnez, Emília , Nicolás, José M. , Fernández‐Solá, Joaquín , Coca, Antonio , Urbano‐Márquez, Álvaro
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ID: ISSN: 0145-6008 ; E-ISSN: 1530-0277 ; DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000100944.02340.46
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recordid: wj10.1097/01.ALC.0000100944.02340.46
title: Effects of Alcohol Withdrawal on 24 Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Among Alcohol‐Dependent Patients
format: Article
creator:
  • Estruch, Ramón
  • Sacanella, Emilio
  • Sierra, Alejandro
  • Aguilera, María Teresa
  • Antúnez, Emília
  • Nicolás, José M.
  • Fernández‐Solá, Joaquín
  • Coca, Antonio
  • Urbano‐Márquez, Álvaro
subjects:
  • Blood Pressure
  • Ethanol
  • Alcohol Dependence
  • Hypertension
  • 24‐Hr Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
ispartof: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, December 2003, Vol.27(12), pp.2002-2008
description: Although epidemiologic studies have reported an association between alcohol intake and high blood pressure (BP), the results of intervention studies have shown inconsistent results. We embarked on a study to determine whether different subgroups of alcohol‐dependent patients may be identified in relation to the effect of alcohol on BP. Fifty alcohol‐dependent men (mean age, 41.4 years) received 0.4 g of ethanol per kilogram of body weight every 4 hr in 200 ml of orange juice during 24 hr and the same amount of orange juice without ethanol during another 24 hr. Twenty‐four hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during ethanol and orange juice intakes, as was hormonal and biochemical analysis. Thirty‐five (75%) alcohol‐dependent men were normotensive and 15 (30%) hypertensive. Eighteen (51%) normotensive and 12 (80%) hypertensive subjects showed a significant decrease in 24 hr mean BP after ethanol withdrawal (mean decrease of 8.4 mm Hg [95% confidence interval, −11.2 to −5.7] and 12.5 mm Hg [confidence interval, −16.2 to −8.8], respectively) and were considered as sensitive to alcohol. The remaining alcohol‐dependent subjects were considered as resistant to alcohol. Normotensive subjects sensitive to ethanol showed a significantly greater left ventricular mass and a significantly lower ejection fraction than those normotensive patients whose BP did not change after ethanol withdrawal (both < 0.01). More than three fourths of the hypertensive and more than half of the normotensive alcohol‐dependent patients showed sensitivity to the pressor effects of ethanol. Impairment also was observed in heart function in normotensive patients sensitive to the pressor effects of ethanol.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0145-6008 ; E-ISSN: 1530-0277 ; DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000100944.02340.46
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0145-6008
  • 01456008
  • 1530-0277
  • 15300277
url: Link


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titleEffects of Alcohol Withdrawal on 24 Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Among Alcohol‐Dependent Patients
creatorEstruch, Ramón ; Sacanella, Emilio ; Sierra, Alejandro ; Aguilera, María Teresa ; Antúnez, Emília ; Nicolás, José M. ; Fernández‐Solá, Joaquín ; Coca, Antonio ; Urbano‐Márquez, Álvaro
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subjectBlood Pressure ; Ethanol ; Alcohol Dependence ; Hypertension ; 24‐Hr Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
descriptionAlthough epidemiologic studies have reported an association between alcohol intake and high blood pressure (BP), the results of intervention studies have shown inconsistent results. We embarked on a study to determine whether different subgroups of alcohol‐dependent patients may be identified in relation to the effect of alcohol on BP. Fifty alcohol‐dependent men (mean age, 41.4 years) received 0.4 g of ethanol per kilogram of body weight every 4 hr in 200 ml of orange juice during 24 hr and the same amount of orange juice without ethanol during another 24 hr. Twenty‐four hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during ethanol and orange juice intakes, as was hormonal and biochemical analysis. Thirty‐five (75%) alcohol‐dependent men were normotensive and 15 (30%) hypertensive. Eighteen (51%) normotensive and 12 (80%) hypertensive subjects showed a significant decrease in 24 hr mean BP after ethanol withdrawal (mean decrease of 8.4 mm Hg [95% confidence interval, −11.2 to −5.7] and 12.5 mm Hg [confidence interval, −16.2 to −8.8], respectively) and were considered as sensitive to alcohol. The remaining alcohol‐dependent subjects were considered as resistant to alcohol. Normotensive subjects sensitive to ethanol showed a significantly greater left ventricular mass and a significantly lower ejection fraction than those normotensive patients whose BP did not change after ethanol withdrawal (both < 0.01). More than three fourths of the hypertensive and more than half of the normotensive alcohol‐dependent patients showed sensitivity to the pressor effects of ethanol. Impairment also was observed in heart function in normotensive patients sensitive to the pressor effects of ethanol.
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titleEffects of Alcohol Withdrawal on 24 Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Among Alcohol‐Dependent Patients
descriptionAlthough epidemiologic studies have reported an association between alcohol intake and high blood pressure (BP), the results of intervention studies have shown inconsistent results. We embarked on a study to determine whether different subgroups of alcohol‐dependent patients may be identified in relation to the effect of alcohol on BP. Fifty alcohol‐dependent men (mean age, 41.4 years) received 0.4 g of ethanol per kilogram of body weight every 4 hr in 200 ml of orange juice during 24 hr and the same amount of orange juice without ethanol during another 24 hr. Twenty‐four hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during ethanol and orange juice intakes, as was hormonal and biochemical analysis. Thirty‐five (75%) alcohol‐dependent men were normotensive and 15 (30%) hypertensive. Eighteen (51%) normotensive and 12 (80%) hypertensive subjects showed a significant decrease in 24 hr mean BP after ethanol withdrawal (mean decrease of 8.4 mm Hg [95% confidence interval, −11.2 to −5.7] and 12.5 mm Hg [confidence interval, −16.2 to −8.8], respectively) and were considered as sensitive to alcohol. The remaining alcohol‐dependent subjects were considered as resistant to alcohol. Normotensive subjects sensitive to ethanol showed a significantly greater left ventricular mass and a significantly lower ejection fraction than those normotensive patients whose BP did not change after ethanol withdrawal (both < 0.01). More than three fourths of the hypertensive and more than half of the normotensive alcohol‐dependent patients showed sensitivity to the pressor effects of ethanol. Impairment also was observed in heart function in normotensive patients sensitive to the pressor effects of ethanol.
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abstractAlthough epidemiologic studies have reported an association between alcohol intake and high blood pressure (BP), the results of intervention studies have shown inconsistent results. We embarked on a study to determine whether different subgroups of alcohol‐dependent patients may be identified in relation to the effect of alcohol on BP. Fifty alcohol‐dependent men (mean age, 41.4 years) received 0.4 g of ethanol per kilogram of body weight every 4 hr in 200 ml of orange juice during 24 hr and the same amount of orange juice without ethanol during another 24 hr. Twenty‐four hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed during ethanol and orange juice intakes, as was hormonal and biochemical analysis. Thirty‐five (75%) alcohol‐dependent men were normotensive and 15 (30%) hypertensive. Eighteen (51%) normotensive and 12 (80%) hypertensive subjects showed a significant decrease in 24 hr mean BP after ethanol withdrawal (mean decrease of 8.4 mm Hg [95% confidence interval, −11.2 to −5.7] and 12.5 mm Hg [confidence interval, −16.2 to −8.8], respectively) and were considered as sensitive to alcohol. The remaining alcohol‐dependent subjects were considered as resistant to alcohol. Normotensive subjects sensitive to ethanol showed a significantly greater left ventricular mass and a significantly lower ejection fraction than those normotensive patients whose BP did not change after ethanol withdrawal (both < 0.01). More than three fourths of the hypertensive and more than half of the normotensive alcohol‐dependent patients showed sensitivity to the pressor effects of ethanol. Impairment also was observed in heart function in normotensive patients sensitive to the pressor effects of ethanol.
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pages2002-2008
date2003-12