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Reducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil

In Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities. Time–series anal... Full description

Journal Title: Addiction December 2011, Vol.106(12), pp.2124-2131
Main Author: Andreuccetti, Gabriel
Other Authors: Carvalho, Heraclito B. , Cherpitel, Cheryl J. , Ye, Yu , Ponce, Julio C. , Kahn, Tulio , Leyton, Vilma
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language:
Subjects:
Law
ID: ISSN: 0965-2140 ; E-ISSN: 1360-0443 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x
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recordid: wj10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x
title: Reducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil
format: Article
creator:
  • Andreuccetti, Gabriel
  • Carvalho, Heraclito B.
  • Cherpitel, Cheryl J.
  • Ye, Yu
  • Ponce, Julio C.
  • Kahn, Tulio
  • Leyton, Vilma
subjects:
  • Alcohol
  • Drink‐Driving
  • Enforcement
  • Fatalities
  • Injuries
  • Law
  • Road Traffic.
ispartof: Addiction, December 2011, Vol.106(12), pp.2124-2131
description: In Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities. Time–series analysis using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling. State and capital of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1 471 087 non‐fatal and 51 561 fatal road traffic accident cases in both regions. Monthly rates of traffic injuries and fatalities per 100 000 inhabitants from January 2001 to June 2010. The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates in both localities ( 
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0965-2140 ; E-ISSN: 1360-0443 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0965-2140
  • 09652140
  • 1360-0443
  • 13600443
url: Link


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titleReducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil
creatorAndreuccetti, Gabriel ; Carvalho, Heraclito B. ; Cherpitel, Cheryl J. ; Ye, Yu ; Ponce, Julio C. ; Kahn, Tulio ; Leyton, Vilma
ispartofAddiction, December 2011, Vol.106(12), pp.2124-2131
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subjectAlcohol ; Drink‐Driving ; Enforcement ; Fatalities ; Injuries ; Law ; Road Traffic.
descriptionIn Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities. Time–series analysis using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling. State and capital of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1 471 087 non‐fatal and 51 561 fatal road traffic accident cases in both regions. Monthly rates of traffic injuries and fatalities per 100 000 inhabitants from January 2001 to June 2010. The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates in both localities ( < 0.05). A stronger effect was observed for traffic fatality (−7.2 and −16.0% in the average monthly rate in the State and capital, respectively) compared to traffic injury rates (−1.8 and −2.3% in the State and capital, respectively). Lowering the blood alcohol concentration limit in Brazil had a greater impact on traffic fatalities than injuries, with a higher effect in the capital, where presumably the police enforcement was enhanced.
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titleReducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil
descriptionIn Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities. Time–series analysis using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling. State and capital of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1 471 087 non‐fatal and 51 561 fatal road traffic accident cases in both regions. Monthly rates of traffic injuries and fatalities per 100 000 inhabitants from January 2001 to June 2010. The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates in both localities ( < 0.05). A stronger effect was observed for traffic fatality (−7.2 and −16.0% in the average monthly rate in the State and capital, respectively) compared to traffic injury rates (−1.8 and −2.3% in the State and capital, respectively). Lowering the blood alcohol concentration limit in Brazil had a greater impact on traffic fatalities than injuries, with a higher effect in the capital, where presumably the police enforcement was enhanced.
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titleReducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil
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abstractIn Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities. Time–series analysis using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling. State and capital of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 1 471 087 non‐fatal and 51 561 fatal road traffic accident cases in both regions. Monthly rates of traffic injuries and fatalities per 100 000 inhabitants from January 2001 to June 2010. The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates in both localities ( < 0.05). A stronger effect was observed for traffic fatality (−7.2 and −16.0% in the average monthly rate in the State and capital, respectively) compared to traffic injury rates (−1.8 and −2.3% in the State and capital, respectively). Lowering the blood alcohol concentration limit in Brazil had a greater impact on traffic fatalities than injuries, with a higher effect in the capital, where presumably the police enforcement was enhanced.
copOxford, UK
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doi10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x
pages2124-2131
date2011-12